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China’s Leaders and Changes. Chapter 16 Section 1. Communism (noun). Govt of China (1920s). Nationalist party in power Had many challenges to their power Ppl had no experience with representative govt -it wasn’t working so well Chinese Communist Party emerges

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Chapter 16 section 1

China’s Leaders and Changes

Chapter 16 Section 1



Govt of china 1920s
Govt of China (1920s)

  • Nationalist party in power

    • Had many challenges to their power

    • Ppl had no experience with representative govt-it wasn’t working so well

    • Chinese Communist Party emerges

      • Joins forces with the Nationalists to: (see page 347)

        • get rid of foreigners and fight warlords

      • Want to take over the Nationalists from within

        • Nationalists become suspicious and kill the Communists

        • Communists are attacked and must flee Nationalist army

        • This becomes known as: (see page 347)

          • The Long March


Difficult time in china
Difficult time in China

  • Some wanted to get rid of govt

    • Communists led by Mao Zedong take over China from the Nationalists (about 15 years after the Long March)

      • What class of Chinese aided Mao? (see page 347)

        • peasants

    • Nationalists where aided by US

    • Why were the Nationalists unable to win? (see page 351)

      • Low morale, poorly paid and fed soldiers, corruption in the Nationalist party


Communism system of govt where there is common ownership of property
Communism-system of govt where there is common ownership of property

  • System appealed to poor because (see page 352)

    • common ownership of land and end of oppression

  • Appealed to middle class because it promised to end humiliation caused by imperial powers

  • Revolution was led by the proletariat (see page 352)

    • industrial working class & peasants


Summary
Summary

  • Write a summary that describes how Mao was able to take over China.


Communism in china
Communism in China

  • On paper (see page 352)

    • Set up national congress

    • Free elections

    • Other rights

  • In reality it was a dictatorship

    • Govt & econ controlled by communists

    • Mao Zedong becomes leader of People’s Republic of China

      • Created a totalitarian state (see page 352)

        • govt controls every aspect of citizens lives

      • Used propaganda to make Mao a hero

        • Spread of ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause


Mao zedong s policies
Mao Zedong’s Policies

  • End foreign influence

  • Increase food production

  • Build schools

  • Expand health care


Maos s successor deng xiaoping
Maos’s successor-Deng Xiaoping

  • How did Deng undo some of Mao’s policies? (see page 353)

    • Allowed students to study abroad

    • Welcomed foreign investment

    • Educated Chinese wanted democratic reforms

      • Students gathered to demand political freedom


  • Tiananmen Square- Beijing

    • June 1989-govt orders students to go home

      • Students refuse

      • Army open fires-killing or wounding several thousand

      • Govtarrested,tortured & executed leaders of the movement

      • Show that China’s govt would not be challenged


Yes no why
Yes-No-Why

  • The Chinese government should have avoided using violence at Tiananmen Square.

  • Be sure to create an argument for both sides of this statement.


Assignment
Assignment

  • What aspects of China’s culture and traditions does Mao scorn?

  • On page 353 in your text is a poster circulated during Mao’s tenure. Create a propaganda poster that also could have been circulated that would have promoted one of Mao’s policies.


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