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clud (close) exclude, included, preclude. CLUD means close. To exclude is to close out; to be included is to be admitted; and to preclude something that might happen means to stop it, to close the possibility before it happens! Spanish… includido.

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clud close exclude included preclude
clud (close) exclude, included, preclude
  • CLUD means close.
  • To exclude is to close out; to be included is to be admitted; and to preclude something that might happen means to stop it, to close the possibility before it happens!
  • Spanish…includido
se apart separate secede sedition
se (apart) separate, secede, sedition
  • SE means apart.
  • To separate is to put something apart; to secede is to go apart, as the South did in the Civil War; and sedition is exciting people to rebel against the government!
  • Spanish…sedición
plu more plus pluralism nonplused
plu (more) plus, pluralism, nonplused
  • PLU means more.
  • A plus is an addition of more; pluralism is the belief in a society of many different groups; and to be nonplused is to be overwhelmingly confused, feeling like “No more, tell me no more!”
  • Spanish…pluralismo
germ vital germ germinate germane
germ (vital) germ, germinate, germane
  • GERM means vital.
  • A germ is a tiny living organism; to germinate is to become vital and grow; and a germane idea is one that is vital to the conversation.
  • Spanish…germinar
fus pour transfusion infusion fusillade
FUS (pour) transfusion, infusion, fusillade
  • FUS means pour.
  • In a transfusion, blood pours from one person to another; in an infusion of ideas, the ideas pour in from elsewhere; and when warships unleash a fusillade, there is a great outpouring of gunfire.
  • Spanish…fusilería
advanced word preclude
Advanced Word: Preclude

The verb preclude (pree-KLOOD) from the Latin praecludere, contains the stem pre (before) and clud (close) and refers to heading off something in advance, closing it off as a possibility, before it even happens. In 1911 in her novel Ethan Frome, Edith Wharton wrote that “for the moment his sense of relief was so great as to preclude all other feelings.”

caesar s english ii lesson xiii

Caesar’s English II Lesson XIII

Stem meaning example

clud close exclude, conclude

se apart separate, secede

plu more plus, plural

germ vital germinate, germane

fus pour transfuse, profuse

slide8
PRECLUDE : AVOID ::
  • secede : withdraw
  • seed : germinate
  • exclude : include
  • blood : transfusion
slide9
PRECLUDE : AVOID ::
  • secede : withdraw
  • seed : germinate
  • exclude : include
  • blood : transfusion
slide10
GUNS : FUSILLADE ::
  • separate : unify
  • germane : relevant
  • exclude : barriers
  • tubes : transfusion
slide11
GUNS : FUSILLADE ::
  • separate : unify
  • germane : relevant
  • exclude : barriers
  • tubes : transfusion
slide12
Find the best opposite.

NONPLUSED

  • germane
  • lucid
  • infused
  • precluded
slide13
Find the best opposite.

NONPLUSED

  • germane
  • lucid
  • infused
  • precluded
slide14
SEDITION
  • exclusion
  • patriotism
  • germination
  • treachery
slide15
SEDITION
  • exclusion
  • patriotism
  • germination
  • treachery
slide20
In the panic of the barbarian assault, the legion commander was __________.
  • nonplused
  • separate
  • germane
  • transfused
slide21
In the panic of the barbarian assault, the legion commander was __________.
  • nonplused
  • separate
  • germane
  • transfused
the grammar of vocabulary nonplused an adjective
The Grammar of Vocabulary: nonplused, an adjective.

When the generals refused, Caesar was completely nonplused.

________________________________________

________________________________________

________________________________________

________________________________________

caesar s classic words challenge
Caesar’s Classic Words Challenge

From Herman Melville’s Billy Budd

Nothing especially __________ to the story occurred.

  • separate
  • precluded
  • germane
  • nonplused
caesar s classic words challenge1
Caesar’s Classic Words Challenge

From Herman Melville’s Billy Budd

Nothing especially __________ to the story occurred.

  • separate
  • precluded
  • germane
  • nonplused
slide25
From Edith Wharton’s Ethan Frome

His sense of relief was so great as to _________ all other feelings.

  • separate
  • transfuse
  • germinate
  • preclude
slide26
From Edith Wharton’s Ethan Frome

His sense of relief was so great as to _________ all other feelings.

  • separate
  • transfuse
  • germinate
  • preclude
slide27
From Herman Melville’s Billy Budd

He was ____________, evincing a confusion.

  • germane
  • nonplused
  • included
  • pluralistic
slide28
From Herman Melville’s Billy Budd

He was ____________, evincing a confusion.

  • germane
  • nonplused
  • included
  • pluralistic
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