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Schools are like airport hubs; student passengers arrive from many different backgrounds for widely divergent destinations. Their particular takeoffs into adulthood will demand different flight plans.~ Levine. Differentiated Instruction is both a Theory and Philosophy.
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Schools are like airport hubs; student passengers arrive from many different backgrounds for widely divergent destinations. Their particular takeoffs into adulthood will demand different flight plans.~ Levine
Differentiated instruction is a teaching theory based on the premise that instructional approaches should vary and be adapted in relation to individual and diverse students in classrooms The model of differentiated instruction requires teachers to be flexible in their approach to teaching and adjust the curriculum and presentation of information to learners rather than expecting students to modify themselves for the curriculum. ~Tomlinson
How does current research on how the brain learns inform the practice of DI
Our 50,000 Year Old Brain
Behavioral Modernity is the point at which Homo sapiens began to demonstrate a reliance on symbolic thought and to express cultural creativity. These developments are often thought to be associated with the origin of language
This is kind of stressful…I’m generating cortisol
This is kind of fun… I’m generating endorphins
Remember: the brain was made for survival...and still operates that way!
The Emotional Brain
Thalamus- first stop for sensory information.
Amygdala- Emotions and fear are processed here.
Hippocampus- consolidates memories/learning
Hypothalamus- monitors homeostasis, thirst, hunger, circadian rhythms, and control of the autonomic nervous system.
The frontal cortex is in charge of creativity, planning, strategizing, decision making and judgment…Risk Analysis…Retrieval of prior knowledge.
The limbic system is primarily responsible for our emotional life, and has a lot to do with the formation of memories. First line of defense. Consolidates stimuli.
Data Affecting Survival
Data Generating Emotions
Data for New Learning
What on earth would make someone a nonlearner? Everyone is born with an intense drive to learn. Infants stretch their skills daily. Not just ordinary skills, but the most difficult tasks of a lifetime, like learning to walk and talk. They never decide it’s too hard or not worth the effort. Babies don’t worry about making mistakes or humiliating themselves. They walk, they fall, they get up. They just barge forward. What could put an end to this exuberant learning? A fixed mindset...
People who hold the Fixed Mindset believe that “they are the way they are”, but that doesn’t mean that they have less of a desire for a positive self-image than anyone else.
And why so many part…specialization?
Human mind is exquisitely tuned to understand and remember stories
Move all the wooden doughnut from one peg to any other peg without ever placing a larger doughnut on top of a smaller doughnut .
In the inns of certain Himalayan villages is practiced a refined tea ceremony. The ceremony involves a host and exactly two guests, neither more nor less. When his guests have arrived and seated themselves at his table, the host performs three services for them. These services are listed in the order of the nobility the Himalayans attribute to them: stoking the fire, fanning the flames, and pouring the tea. During the ceremony, any of those present may ask another, “Honored Sir, may I perform this onerous task for you?” However, a person may request of another only the least noble of the tasks that the other is performing. Furthermore, if a person is performing any tasks, then he may not request a task that is nobler than the least noble task he is already performing. Custom requires that by the time the tea ceremony is over, all the tasks will have been transferred from the host to the most senior of the guests. How can this be accomplished?
What else is important for making and storing memories?