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PACS 4500. Senior Seminar in Peace and Conflict Studies Section 001 Guy Burgess. IPCC Adapting to Climate Change. http://ipcc.ch/pdf/ar5/pr_wg2/140330_pr_wgII_spm_en.pdf. Lake Powell. The New Dust Bowl?. The New Dust Bowl?. McCutchen.

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PACS 4500

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PACS 4500

Senior Seminar in

Peace and Conflict Studies

Section 001

Guy Burgess


IPCC Adapting to Climate Change

http://ipcc.ch/pdf/ar5/pr_wg2/140330_pr_wgII_spm_en.pdf


Lake Powell


The New Dust Bowl?


The New Dust Bowl?


McCutchen

http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/supreme-court-strikes-down-limits-on-federal-campaign-donations/2014/04/02/54e16c30-ba74-11e3-9a05-c739f29ccb08_story.html?hpid=z1


Beyond Simple Definitions of Poverty

http://media.npr.org/documents/2014/april/PovertyTracker_Spring14_3p.pdf


Impact of Globalization

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/opinion/edsall-is-the-american-middle-class-losing-out-to-china-and-india.html?hp&rref=opinion


Rigging the Stock Market

http://www.npr.org/2014/04/01/297686724/on-a-rigged-wall-street-milliseconds-make-all-the-difference


Kony 2014

http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2014/03/25/294315138/joseph-kony-is-back-in-the-news-do-teenagers-still-care


New Tribalism

http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/277-75/22742-focus-the-new-tribalism


Selfie vs. Community


World Affairs Conference Next Week

  • No regular classes next

  • Instead, attend 2 World Affairs sessions related to conflict topics and include a write-up with your reading reflections.

    • Also, be prepared to talk about what you learned in class on April 15.

  • Everyone will also be required to attend a small group discussion, half class to talk about your projects. I will send out a schedule.


World Affairs Conference

Suggested Sessions?


Next Week’s Schedule

Tuesday, April 15 2:00-2:35

  • Alli

  • Kyle

  • Lindsey

  • Brandy

  • Emily Alexis

    Tuesday, April 15 2:40-3:15

  • Sarah

  • Tanya

  • Josh Stein

  • Justin

  • Emily Oliver

  • Orphea

  • Danyah

Tuesday, April 17 2:00-2:35

  • Elizabeth

  • Gavin

  • James

  • Andrew

    Tuesday, April 17 2:40-3:15

  • Elsa

  • Dominic

  • Marissa

  • Katie

  • Stella

  • Joshua Pericas


Bring Project Challenges!

Tuesday, April 15 2:00-2:35

  • Alli

  • Kyle

  • Lindsey

  • Brandy

  • Emily Alexis

    Tuesday, April 15 2:40-3:15

  • Sarah

  • Tanya

  • Josh Stein

  • Justin

  • Emily Oliver

  • Orphea

  • Danyah

Tuesday, April 17 2:00-2:35

  • Elizabeth

  • Gavin

  • James

  • Andrew

    Tuesday, April 17 2:40-3:15

  • Elsa

  • Dominic

  • Marissa

  • Katie

  • Stella

  • Joshua Pericas


Intervention Concept Papers


Conflict Assessment Worksheet


Assessment Problems

1.Intolerable moral differences (requiring confrontation)

2.Tolerable moral differences (amenable to coexistence strategies)

3.Within ZOPA distributional conflict

4.Outside ZOPA distributional conflict

5.Status (pecking order) conflict

6.Identity conflict

7.Misunderstandings (well-intentioned)

8.Disinformation (deliberate)

9.Factual disagreements (well-intentioned)

10.Factual disagreements (deliberate)

11.Rightable wrongs

12.Unrightable wrongs

13.Escalation (beyond hate threshold)

14.Escalation (beyond violence threshold)

15.Missing negotiation channels

16.Missing positive vision

17.Kludgeocracy

  • Machiavellian tyrant

  • Unequal playing field

  • Adaptation to violence

  • Polarization

  • Disrespect and humiliation


Threaded Text


Mapping & the Sticker Shock Problem


Mapping / Adopt a Challenge


Think Globally Act Locally

If you’re not part of the solution your part of the problem -- Eldridge Cleaver


Massively Parallel Peacebuilding


Specialization, Division of Labor


Directory-Oriented Approach


Focus on Incremental Improvements

Pursue the Medical, Pathology Treatment Model

Not a fruitless search for grand, utopian solutions


Core Issues

Distributional

Moral

Status

Identity

Overlays


Overlay Problems

Escalation

Relationship

Communication

Collaboration

Core


Week 9 Reading Reflection Topics

De-escalation


Escalation

Violence Breakover

  • Vengeance

  • Self-Defense

Conflict Intensification

Feedback Loops

Rachets

  • Sacrifice Trap

  • Shame Trap

Personalization Breakover

  • Interpersonal Attack

  • Unthinking Anger

Enmity Reinforcement

  • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

  • Recreational Complaint

Tactical Choices

  • Invincibility Illusion

  • Tactical Escalation / Response

  • Coalition Building/Polarization

Beginnings

  • Out-Group Identity

  • Worst Case Bias

  • Victim Bias

  • Grievances


De-Escalation Strategies

  • Portray Conflict Process as the Source of Evil and All Sides as Victim (e.g. Hiroshima)

  • “Mistakes Were Made” Amnesty (?War Criminal Problem?)

  • Initiate Cooling-off Periods

  • Give Losers a Future They Can Live With (World War I vs. II Settlement)

  • Trust Earning / Confidence Building (GRIT)

  • Recognition that Escalation Strengthens Enemies as well as Friends

  • No Response or Minimal Response to Provocation


De-Escalation Strategies

  • Disarming Behavior to Break Stereotypes (Sadat)

  • Pursue Cooperative Activities between Enemies

  • Replace Negotiators

  • Correct Other Overlay Problems

    • Limit Misunderstandings

    • Clarify Facts

    • Pursue Fair Process

  • Create Islands of Un-escalated Discourse

  • Accurate Cost of Conflict Accounting


Charter for Compassion?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SxO-6SaNMvg


The Meeting Place

  • Justice

    • Punish those that committed “unrightable”, “unspeakable” wrongs

  • Truth

    • Acknowledge the guilt, build a common history

  • Peace

    • Stop the fighting and killing (even if it means letting people “get away with it”)

  • Mercy

    • Stop the hate with forgiveness

Lederach Trade-Offs


Week 10 Reading Reflection Topics

Misunderstandings


Week 11 Reading Reflection Topics

Relationships


Visioning

  • Justice

    • Punish those that committed “unrightable”, “unspeakable” wrongs

  • Truth

    • Acknowledge the guilt, build a common history

  • Peace

    • Stop the fighting and killing (even if it means letting people “get away with it”)

  • Mercy

    • Stop the hate with forgiveness

  • Future Vision

    • Imagining a positive future vision and a fair relationship

Elise Boulding


Victim to Heroine

http://video.nytimes.com/video/2008/11/26/opinion/1194834021302/from-victim-to-heroine.html


MukhtaranBibi / MukhtārMā'ī

http://www.nytimes.com/video/2006/03/31/opinion/1194817113867/kristof-the-courage-of-mukhtar-mai.html


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