Education. A short history of education. Content. S1 ----------- S2. Medium /Method. Purpose. Education Process. Informal Beginnings. The earliest educational processes were informal sharings of information at home. gathering food providing shelter making weapons and other tools
A short history of education
S1 ----------- S2
The earliest educational
processes were informal
sharings of information
making weapons and other tools
acquiring the values, behavior,
and religious rites or practices of
a given culture.
traditionally held power and influence over kings and leaders
symbols, the priests in ancient Egypt (3000 BC),
priests taught not only religion but also the principles
of writing, the sciences, mathematics, and
But to a select few.
Formal education in China temple.
dates to about 2000 BC,
though it thrived
particularly during the
Eastern Zhou Dynasty,
from 770 to 300 BC.
The curriculum stressed
philosophy, poetry, and
Ethics of Confucius, Laozi
Partnership in Education temple.
Jewish religious leaders, known as rabbis, advised parents to teach their children religious beliefs, law, ethical practices, and vocational skills. Both boys and girls were introduced to religion by studying the Torah, the most sacred document of Judaism. Rabbis taught in schools within synagogues, places of worship and religious study.
The State takes an Interest temple.
In Greece, the state began to take in interest in the development of the young through education. The Athenians believed a free man should have a liberal education in order to perform his civic duties and for his own personal development.
The Greeks focused on both the training of the mind and the body.
But the emphasis depended on the particular city state.
Dance Drama Music Literature Sports Philosophy Rhetoric
Plato: temple. established a school in Athens called the Academy regarded as the first school.
The objective of education was to seek the truth.
Essential for good leadership.Lofty Ideals
Socrates (philosopher and Teacher) forced his students to think deeply about the meaning of life, truth, and justice from a non-religious perspective.
Undertaking by Alexander the Great (350 BC)
Christian scholars studied here.
The Romans instituted State education
Non-religious based on Greek Model
If it isn’t in the Bible… temple.
Middle Ages, 5th to the 15th century, Western society and education were heavily shaped by Christianity,
The Church schools - elementary level.
Monasteries and cathedrals - secondary education.
Much of the teaching in these and universities directed at learning religious content in Latin.
Limited opportunities for women.
Schools were attended primarily by persons
planning to enter religious life such as priests,
monks, or nuns as well as children of
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AL-BIRUNI973 - 1048Arab Scholar
Education for All? ignore knowledge in the sciences and mathematics developed The Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century produced important changes in education and educational theory. During the Enlightenment, educators believed all people could improve their lives and society by using their reason, their powers of critical thinking.
New Ideas, Theories and Practices ignore knowledge in the sciences and mathematics developed
(Education becomes a discipline)
Jean Jacques Rousseau(1712-1778)
(1) concrete (sight, sound, touch) before abstract
(2) immediate t before remote;
(3) easy exercises before complex ones;
(4) always proceed gradually, cumulatively, and slowly.
Spencer’s ideas on education
were eagerly accepted in
the United States.
Father of Cognitive Psychology
Formal ignore knowledge in the sciences and mathematics developed
Religion / Church
Flexible in time and
What do we train or educate?
For What / Whom?
Family / Culture
Ignite a passion for
One to One