Latin 101 the words of latin
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Latin 101: The words of Latin. Parts of speech and grammatical functions How to learn Latin vocabulary. 1. Parts of speech and grammatical functions PARTS OF SPEECH.

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Latin 101: The words of Latin

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Latin 101 the words of latin

Latin 101: The words of Latin

Parts of speech and grammatical functions

How to learn Latin vocabulary


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions parts of speech

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH

The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay!

Each word belongs to a word-type (or part of speech). What parts of speech do we see here?


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions parts of speech1

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH

Definite Article

Noun

The glowing moon,

Participle

(adjective formed from verb)


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions parts of speech2

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH

Preposition

Participle

reflecting brightly from snowy mountains,

Adverb

Adjective

Noun


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions parts of speech3

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH

Coordinating conjunction

Indefinite

article

Verb

Noun

showed them a lake and this path

Pronoun

Demonstrative adjective

Noun


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions parts of speech4

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH

(Auxiliary verb ‘to be’)

Participle

Relative pronoun

which we are traveling happily

Adverb

Personal pronoun

Verb (present progressive)


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions parts of speech5

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsPARTS OF SPEECH

Subordinating conjunction (causal)

Adverb/particle

Gerund (verbal noun)

because our climbing is so easy. Yay!

Adjective (personal)

Adjective

Verb (‘to be’)

Interjection


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions grammatical function

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION

The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay!

Words and phrases play distinct roles in the meaning of the sentence. Each serves its own grammatical function. What functions are played by the words and phrases here?


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions grammatical function1

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION

The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed(to) them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay!

SUBJECT

DIRECT OBJECT

MAIN VERB

INDIRECT OBJECT


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions in latin

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsIn Latin

The glowing moon, reflecting brightly from snowy mountains, showed them a lake and this path, which we are traveling happily, because our climbing is so easy. Yay!

RELATIVE CLAUSE

PARTICIPIAL CLAUSE

CAUSAL CLAUSE


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions grammatical function2

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION

this path, whichweare traveling

DIRECT OBJECT

within relative clause

MAIN VERB within relative clause

SUBJECT within relative clause


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions grammatical function3

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsGRAMMATICAL FUNCTION

Our climbing isso easy.

COMPLEMENT/

PREDICATE

MAIN VERB

SUBJECT


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions in latin1

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsIN LATIN

Noun (proper noun)

Participle

Adjective

Verb

Noun

Graecia captaferumvictōremcēpit

Greece having-been-captured (her) fierce conqueror captured

SUBJECT

DIRECT OBJECT

MAIN VERB


1 parts of speech and grammatical functions in latin2

1. Parts of speech and grammatical functionsIN LATIN

Noun

Noun

Verb ‘to be’

Adjective

Adjective

ōrātorestvir bonus dīcendīperītus

Gerund

(An) orator is (a) man good (and) at-speaking skilled

SUBJECT

COMPLEMENT/PREDICATE

MAIN VERB


2 how to learn latin vocabulary principal parts nouns

Dōn’tfōrgētyōūrmācrōns!

2. How to learn Latinvocabulary“Principal parts”: NOUNS

Grammatical gender

= crucial info

Genitive singular form (“of the farmer”)

= crucial info

agricola, agricolaem.farmer

fortūna, fortūnaef.chance, luck, fortune

cōnsilium, cōnsiliīn.plan, advice

Nominative singular form

= basic form

Different senses in English

= crucial for changing contexts


2 how to learn latin vocabulary principal parts verbs

Why do you think there’s no 4th principal part for iaceō?

2. How to learn Latinvocabulary“Principal parts”: VERBS

1st person singular perfect active indicative (“I have called/I called”)

perfect passive participle (“having been called”)

1st person singular present active indicative (“I call”)

present active infinitive (“to call”)

vocō, vocāre,vocāvī,vocātusto call; name

dēbeō, dēbēre, dēbuī, dēbitusto owe; to be obligated to (“I ought”)

iaceō, iacēre,iacui, —to lie (e.g., on the ground)


2 how to learn latin vocabulary for the next class meeting

2. How to learn Latin vocabularyFor the next class-meeting:

Be ready to be quizzed on vocab list at end of chs. 1 & 2.

Give a dictionary entry for rosa:

rosa, rosae f. “rose”

Give the Latin word for “be afraid”:

timeō, timēre, timuī, — “to fear, be afraid”

VOCAB FLASHCARDS AND EXERCISES:

http://www.pullins.com/Books/03904/exercises.html


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