Adult Safeguarding in Adult Learning       & Skills
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Adult Safeguarding in Adult Learning & Skills On line course for tutors in Adult Learning and Skills. Understand why staff in Adult Learning have to implement adult safeguarding Know the procedures for implementing adult safeguarding within adult learning

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Adult Safeguarding in Adult Learning & Skills

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Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adult Safeguarding in Adult Learning & Skills

On line course for tutors in Adult Learning and Skills

If in doubt talk to your centre manager


Objectives

Understand why staff in Adult Learning have to implement adult safeguarding

Know the procedures for implementing adult safeguarding within adult learning

Have developed skills in recognising and managing adult safeguarding situations

Objectives

At the end of this course you will:

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Safeguarding Resources

You need to have your safeguarding

resources folder provided by your centre

manager with you when you follow this

on-line course. It will be referred to later in this course

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Tutor Resources Folder

  • contents:

  • Handout of slides

  • A copy of this on-line course

  • E safety guidelines

  • Guidance for tutors and learners using the Internet

  • Incident report form

  • Form to copy and use to record details of incidents

  • Contact details

  • Contact details of key people and agencies

  • Please read through carefully and keep folder in a safe place

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Why is adult safeguarding relevant to Adult Education?

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Brief history of Safeguarding

A series of high profile deaths to vulnerable adults, caused by abuse where agencies were providing support but not communicating and taking responsibility. These cases led to Government guidance “No Secrets”

No Secrets (Adult Protection) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This guidance is for agencies such as police, local authorities, housing associations, health services, education to try to ensure “joined up” services.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Safeguarding Legislation

Standards of care for vulnerable adults in receipt of adult social care, has been regulated primarily through the Care Standards Act 2000

Care Standards Act 2000 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

and more latterly the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Abuse within the community, unless perpetrated by paid domiciliary workers, is addressed through the No Secrets guidance.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Regulation

Social and health care are regulated through the CQC(Care Quality Commission)

Education is regulated by Ofsted and Safeguardingis a very high priority.

In an Ofsted inspection, if safeguarding arrangements are not good, it is possible for an adult learning service to get an overall grade 4 - inadequate

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Safeguarding Arrangements

Adult Learning and Skills in

Cambridgeshire County Council

integrates a wide range of safeguarding

services to ensure that safeguarding is

embedded into the whole service to ensure

that learners are safe

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Integrated Safeguarding Practices

  • Partnership working with County Council Safeguarding Team

  • Adult Learning and Skills policy and procedures in place – on Wikki for tutors

  • Trained designated safeguarding officers

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Trained managers (two-days with resources folder)

  • Trained staff and tutors (short session with resources folder)

  • All staff enhanced CRB checked

  • Informed learners (induction – statement of safety)

  • Ofsted inspection – evaluation and improvement


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Safeguarding is everyone’s business

  • Safeguarding should not be thought of as a bolt on to the work you do, but seen as integralorcentral in all the work you do with individuals.

  • Adult Learning tutors have a Duty of Care for their learners. This duty is discharged by complying with the guidance on this course.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Vulnerable Adults

The official definition of a vulnerable adult is one who is receiving or should be receiving support from Adult Social Care, Health, Police or other support agencies

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adult learners rarely disclose a disability or learning difficulty when they enrol, so often there are vulnerable adults in classes who we don’t know about

Any adult can become vulnerable at any time. For example as victims of domestic abuse, illness or family breakdown


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

The advice to tutors and other staff is that all adult learners are regarded as potentially vulnerable.

This short on-line course is designed to give tutors knowledge about Safeguarding, to raise awareness of their responsibility and to give basic skills in dealing with adult learners who display signs of abuse or disclose to the tutor or to other learners.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

What is abuse?

  • Abuse is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any other person or persons

  • Abuse may consist of single or repeated acts.

  • It may be an act of neglect or an omission to act.

  • Abuse can occur in any relationship and may result in significant harm to, or exploitation of, the person subjected to it.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Categories and Indicators of Abuse

  • Physical abuse

  • Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm.

  • Sexual abuse

  • Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another, when that force falls short of being a sexual assault. The offender is referred to as a sexual abuser or (often pejoratively) molester.

  • Psychological abuse

  • Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterised by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that is psychologically harmful. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusiverelationships, bullying, child abuse and in the workplace.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Financial or material abuse

  • Financial abuse is, for example, illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables (including changing the person's Will to name the abuser as heir), often fraudulently obtaining power of attorney, followed by deprivation of money or other property, or by eviction from own home.

  • Neglect and acts of omission

  • Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care for a victim who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet the victim's needs, thereby resulting in the victim's demise.

  • Discriminatory abuse

  • Discriminatory abuse involves picking on or treating someone unfairly because something about them is different, for example ethnicity, age, disability, appearance, social class

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Poor professional practice

  • Professional abuse is a failure to discharge professional responsibilities to a vulnerable adult. Professional abusers take advantage or their client’s or patient’s trust, exploit their vulnerability, do not act in their best interests, fail to keep professional boundaries,

  • Institutional abuse

  • Institutional abuse can typically occur in a care home, nursing home, acute hospital or in-patient setting. It can be defined as any category of abuse that is part of the culture of the institution and is behaviour accepted as normal by staff.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Domestic violence abuse

  • Domestic abuse can be broadly defined as a pattern of abusive behaviours by one or both partners in an intimate relationship such as marriage, dating, family, friends or cohabitation. Typically it can include physical violence, sexual abuse, emotional, financial, social, stalking,

  • Significant Harm

  • Abuse causing serious harm including the impairment of, or an avoidable deterioration in, physical or mental health; and the impairment of physical, emotional, social or behavioural development".

  • Real abuse cases are usually a mixture of different categories. For example domestic violence can also be one or all of physical, sexual or psychological abuse

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

The Adult Learning and Skills Service provides learning to hundreds of vulnerable adults with disabilities and learning difficulties within the Adults with Learning Difficulties and/or Disabilities (ALDD) and Family Learning programmes

These learning programmes are specially designed to provide support for each learner according to their needs and are staffed by staff with specialist skills and knowledge

The learning programmes for these adults typically prepares

them for independent life and work, and improve reading,

Writing and maths in families.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Around 80% of the 12,500 or so adults enrol in Informal Adult Learning (IAL) adult learning classes in Cambridgeshire, including art and craft, exercise and sport and modern foreign languages

If an adult enrolling on an IAL class discloses a disability or

learning difficulty on the enrolment form, the centre manager

will make appropriate arrangements with the course tutor to

support the learner,

However, most learners with a disability or learning difficulties

don’t disclose and start an IAL course with no extra support and

With the Centre Manager and tutor being unaware of any support

needs.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Tutors should be vigilant!

At the start of the course and during the early sessions in particular look out for learners who appear to have characteristics of vulnerable adults

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Who are we wanting to safeguard?

  • All adult learners but particularly:

  • Older adults who are frail

  • They may be more likely to fall, get injured, ill or overstretch themselves physically and mentally to keep up with others. Seeing and hearing may be more difficult. They could be suffering from Dementia

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Mental ill-health

Adults with mental health difficulties do enrol for courses often without disclosing their condition because they feel it has no relevance to their attendance in the class. This happens regularly particularly in art, craft and exercise classes which are recognised for improving poor mental health


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adults with physical disabilities

These learners will often disclose because their disability can be visible. Centre managers will ensure that these learners have good physical access to classrooms, e.g. by ensuring wheelchair access. A Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan (PEEP) will be put in place, to ensure safe evacuation in the event of an emergency such as a fire

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adults with sensory impairments

These adults may just need to sit nearer the front so that they can hear or see better. A hearing loop can be provided for learners with hearing impairment, and there are special accessibility facilities on computers for learners with impaired sight. Tutors may want to ensure that audio is loud and font sizes are large on Power Point, or on handouts (minimum font size 12).

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adults with learning difficulties

This definition covers a wide range. Most likely tutors will

encounter learners who have difficulty with reading, writing

and/or maths. Depending on the subject and the level of the

learning difficulty this may or not impair learning. For example

Dyslexia could impair learning in creative writing but possibly

not in an exercise class.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adults who misuse substances

Alcohol and drug abuse are on the increase. No learner is likely to disclose such a problem on enrolment. Howeverreports of intoxicated learners happen occasionally, and the tutor has a duty of care to all learners during the class.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Adults whose behaviour or condition puts

them at risk of abuse

Again this definition covers a wide range. Some people have

unusual personalities; they may talk a lot or speak at a

particular pitch; speak with a foreign accent or regional dialect;

have unusual or awkward body language, dress differently,

have a visible disability etc.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

All adult learners can be vulnerable and can suffer abuse

Where abuse is suspected, discovered or disclosed it must be recorded & reported to the Centre Manager, member of staff on duty or the Designated Safeguarding Officer – contact details in resources folder

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Possible abuse – what a tutor might observe

  • Reoccurring bruising - new bruises turning yellow with new ones appearing

  • Body language changing substantially from open and confident to closed and withdrawn

  • Hearing a learner using discriminatory language targeted on another learner

  • Seeing a learner upset after verbal or physical contact with another

  • See a learner recoiling after being touched by another.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Overhear a learner making a sexually explicit remark to another, who reacts badly

  • See learners arguing where one gives the other money or property

  • One learner or learners push or strike another

  • Disclosure - a learner approach another learner or the tutor in distress and ask for help with a possible case of abuse.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

What you should do

Try to meet the learner after the class in a quiet place using the advice on interviews given on later slides here

If it is not possible to meet the learner or you would prefer not to, you must report the situation to your centre manager, member of staff on duty or the Designated Safeguarding Officer – contact details in resources folder

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

If you think that the learner is in immediate danger of serious harm, phone the Police on the number in the resources file. You will speak to a police officer who is trained in safeguarding and you will not be criticised for a false alarm

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Talking to a learner who has disclosed(1)

  • Take notes / make notes – incident report form

  • Talk to your learner as quickly as possible after event

  • Ask learner to Tell, Explain, Describe (TED) – free narrative and free recall

  • Tell learner in their interest you might not be able to keep what they tell you to yourself. In this situation you have a duty of care and must report this incident to your centre manager or designated safeguarding officer.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

  • Talking to a learner who has disclosed(2)

  • Record what the person asked and what they said in their words

  • Try to use open questions and avoid leading questions

  • Avoid complex and multiple questions

  • Consider acquiescence and positive bias on part of person

  • Speak to learner individually – in discrete, secure place

  • If you judge the learner is in immediate danger of serious harm call the police on the number on the contact details sheet

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Be Mindful

When you talk to a learner who has disclosed possible abuse, or you think could be a victim of abuse, you need to be aware of the sorts of feelings and fears they may have.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

A possible victim of abuse may

  • Be too ashamed and embarrassed to speak about their experience

  • Be unable to leave a situation, due to coercion

  • Have a lack of understanding of who can help

  • Don’t know their experience is abusive

  • Believe they are trapped - there are no options

  • Need the support of their abuser and wish to stay with them


What happens next

After you have reported the situation, you may not be involved any further as the Designated Safeguarding Officer will work with Adult Social Care to investigate

However it is possible that you will be interviewed as part of an investigation

What happens next?

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

E Safety/E Safeguarding

If you are teaching ICT, e-safety should be built into your course content; particularly if you know you are teaching

vulnerable adults.

If you are using the internet in the classroom, or encouraging

learners to go online outside of the classroom, you need to

ensure that your learners have an awareness of e-safety issues.

Please use the E-Safety Practice Guidance

in your folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Be assured

you will receive all the support you need from your

Centre Manager, the Designated Safeguarding

Officer and Adult Social Care staff. You will never be

criticised for any action you have taken

that complies with these guidelines


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Fictional Case Studies

In Adult Learning

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Case Study 1 – Ballroom dancing

A ballroom class attracts mainly couples. One particular couple has caught the eye of the tutor because of unusual behaviour. They were regular attendees, but when practising the dancing in the class, the couple constantly bickered and on one occasion the tutor saw the man violently push the woman (Grace) away. She looked embarrassed but quickly resumed her stance with her partner as if nothing had happened. In the 3rd week of the class, the tutor noticed some bruising around the women’s eyes, and she looked particular despondent. On the 4th week unusually for her, the woman was wearing trousers and had a slight limp. The tutor light heartedly commented on this to which Grace dropped her head and mumbled something about a trip. Subsequent lessons brought more signs of “accidents”, like a cut eye and bruised had. It was now week 7.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Case Study 2 – Exercise class

In an exercise class an adult learner with learning disabilities (Bridget) enrolled with her Mother. Bridget’s health check showed that she was fine to do the exercise in the class, as she had no physical disabilities etc. The Centre Manager had no record on Bridget’s condition and the disability box had not been ticked on the enrolment form. During a break, Bridget made a beeline for the Tutor to chat. During the conversation Bridget said “my Nana gives me £5 every week but my mum nicks it for cigarettes”

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

Case Study 3 – Horticulture class

A Centre Manager (Miriam) is checking the classes on the first night of the Adult Education programme. She looks outside at the Horticulture class which was having its first practical session in the school’s allotment. The tutor was a young enthusiastic woman (Jill) who worked full time during the day as a landscape gardener, but was still receiving care for a mental health problem. Miriam was aware of Jill’s condition and was happy to employ her and contribute to her recovery which was advanced.

Miriam decided to watch for a while out of sight of the learners. To her horror Miriam witnessed two of the male learners making sexual gesticulations behind Jill’s back. Although Jill could not see what was going on she sensed something from the body language of the learners she could see, and looked confused and uncomfortable. Miriam decided not to do anything about this. The day before the third class, Jill phoned Miriam and resigned. Her speech was slurred and she sounded in great distress, although she would give no reason for her resignation.

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Do you now

Understand why staff in Adult Learning have to implement adult safeguarding

Know the procedures for implementing adult safeguarding within adult learning

Have developed skills in recognising and managing adult safeguarding situations

Do you now …

If in doubt about a safeguarding issue talk to your centre manager or use the contact details in your resources folder


Adult safeguarding in adult learning skills

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