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Call for abstracts. How to write an abstract . Deborah E. A. Lockhart MRC Clinical Research Training Fellow [email protected] Call for abstracts!. What is an abstract?. A means of communicating a summary of research / audit. Scientific or “lay”. Standalone (conference).

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call for abstracts

Call for abstracts

How to write an abstract

Deborah E. A. Lockhart

MRC Clinical Research Training Fellow

[email protected]

what is an abstract
What is an abstract?
  • A means of communicating a summary of research / audit.
  • Scientific or “lay”.
  • Standalone (conference).
  • Precede a paper (indexed on MEDLINE).
general points
General points
  • Write in sentences using formal scientific English.
  • Use “did not” instead of “didn’t” etc.
  • Write in the 3rd person (usually).
  • Use present tense for existing facts and past tense for completed research.
  • Define specialised terminology / abbreviations e.g. Streptococcus pneumoniaethen S. pneumoniae.
  • Numbers – when to spell out or use numerals?
  • www.grammarbook.com/numbers/numbers.asp
general points1
General points
  • Do not expect it to be easy!
  • “A good writer will always find it hard to fill a singe page. A bad writer will always find it easy”.
  • The skeleton is the hardest part!!
abstract format
Abstract format
  • Title
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions
  • Words: 100 – 500.
  • Structured or continuous.
title
Title
  • Clear informative title describing key elements of your work (consider the audience / reader).
  • Consider a title and subtitle separated by a colon.
  • Catchy and inviting!

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introduction
Introduction
  • Answer the ‘WHY’ question!
  • Introduce the field and set the scene by briefly describing the current knowledge (couple of sentences).
  • What “gaps” are you trying to address?
  • What is your aim or research question?
methods and results
Methods and results
  • Main focus of the abstract.
  • All about what you did and what you found out!
  • Style and format dependent on area e.g. clinical or laboratory research.
  • Brief details on the study / key methods.
  • Detailed description of the main research findings.
discussion conclusion
Discussion & conclusion
  • Discuss the main findings of your work.
  • Put into context and relate back to the introduction and your research question.
  • Any limitations?
  • What are the implications, future directions?
references
References ??
  • May be applicable for standalone abstracts.
  • Limit to select key references.
  • “Classic” and “cutting-edge”.
  • Format and correctly cite any reference.
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