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Breakup of Yugoslovia. By: Ryan Matzkow. Background. First formed as a kingdom in 1918 Created a socialist state in 1945 after Axis Powers were defeated in World War II Was established with 6 republics in a federation Included: Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia.

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breakup of yugoslovia

Breakup of Yugoslovia

By: Ryan Matzkow

background
Background
  • First formed as a kingdom in 1918
  • Created a socialist state in 1945 after Axis Powers were defeated in World War II
  • Was established with 6 republics in a federation
  • Included: Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
1991 1992
1991-1992
  • Nationalism started to overtake communism
  • Slovenia and Croatia were first to break away
  • This caused conflict with Serbia
  • War in Croatia led to thousands of deaths
  • Conflict then broke out in Bosnia which they then declared independence
  • In 1993, Bosnian Muslim government was taken over by Bosnian Serb forces who controlled 70% of Bosnia
1995 dayton peace deal
1995 Dayton Peace Deal
  • Created 2 self governing bodies within Bosnia
  • One government was Bosnian Serb Republic
  • One was Muslim Croat Federation
  • Had their own governments, parliaments, and armies
  • Natopeacekeeping for was in charge of implementing the military aspects of the deal
1999 kosovo intervention
1999 Kosovo Intervention
  • Kosovo Liberation Army came out in rebellion against Serbian rule
  • Threats of military action over crisis culminated in Nato air strikes in 1999
  • Strikes focused on military targets
  • Thousands of innocents died from strikes
  • Serbia and Montenegro relations diminished
2000 2003 milosevic ousted
2000-2003 Milosevic Ousted
  • Yugoslavia disappeared from map in 2000
  • Replaced by Serbia and Montenegro
  • Arrangement met under pressure from EU to stop Montenegro getting full independence
  • Conflict between Serbs and Albanians erupted in 2000 but later tensions went away
  • Inner ethnic violence broke out in former Macedonia involving an Albanian minority
2006 death of milosevic
2006 Death of Milosevic
  • Leader of old Yugoslavia/new Serbia and Montenegro
  • Died March 11, 2006
  • Tried for genocide right before death
  • Buried in Serbian hometown
  • No leader grew tensions again
  • Montenegro voted for independence in May 2006
  • Montenegro’s Prime Minister has since led a campaign for independence to this day
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