Breakup of yugoslovia
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Breakup of Yugoslovia. By: Ryan Matzkow. Background. First formed as a kingdom in 1918 Created a socialist state in 1945 after Axis Powers were defeated in World War II Was established with 6 republics in a federation Included: Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia.

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Breakup of Yugoslovia

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Breakup of yugoslovia

Breakup of Yugoslovia

By: Ryan Matzkow


Background

Background

  • First formed as a kingdom in 1918

  • Created a socialist state in 1945 after Axis Powers were defeated in World War II

  • Was established with 6 republics in a federation

  • Included: Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia


1991 1992

1991-1992

  • Nationalism started to overtake communism

  • Slovenia and Croatia were first to break away

  • This caused conflict with Serbia

  • War in Croatia led to thousands of deaths

  • Conflict then broke out in Bosnia which they then declared independence

  • In 1993, Bosnian Muslim government was taken over by Bosnian Serb forces who controlled 70% of Bosnia


1995 dayton peace deal

1995 Dayton Peace Deal

  • Created 2 self governing bodies within Bosnia

  • One government was Bosnian Serb Republic

  • One was Muslim Croat Federation

  • Had their own governments, parliaments, and armies

  • Natopeacekeeping for was in charge of implementing the military aspects of the deal


1999 kosovo intervention

1999 Kosovo Intervention

  • Kosovo Liberation Army came out in rebellion against Serbian rule

  • Threats of military action over crisis culminated in Nato air strikes in 1999

  • Strikes focused on military targets

  • Thousands of innocents died from strikes

  • Serbia and Montenegro relations diminished


2000 2003 milosevic ousted

2000-2003 Milosevic Ousted

  • Yugoslavia disappeared from map in 2000

  • Replaced by Serbia and Montenegro

  • Arrangement met under pressure from EU to stop Montenegro getting full independence

  • Conflict between Serbs and Albanians erupted in 2000 but later tensions went away

  • Inner ethnic violence broke out in former Macedonia involving an Albanian minority


2006 death of milosevic

2006 Death of Milosevic

  • Leader of old Yugoslavia/new Serbia and Montenegro

  • Died March 11, 2006

  • Tried for genocide right before death

  • Buried in Serbian hometown

  • No leader grew tensions again

  • Montenegro voted for independence in May 2006

  • Montenegro’s Prime Minister has since led a campaign for independence to this day


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