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SENTENCING AND CORRECTIONS. CHAPTER 15 PAGES 172 -186. Why Might One Say That Sentencing is The most Important Step in the Criminal Justice Process?. Determines a defendant’s fate for years and possibly for life. . List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options. Suspended Sentence

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Sentencing and corrections
SENTENCING AND CORRECTIONS

  • CHAPTER 15

  • PAGES 172 -186


Why might one say that sentencing is the most important step in the criminal justice process
Why Might One Say That Sentencing is The most Important Step in the Criminal Justice Process?

  • Determines a defendant’s fate for years and possibly for life.


List and describe the eight sentencing options
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Suspended Sentence

  • -Sentence given but not served at time it is given


List and describe the eight sentencing options1
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Probation-

  • -Release to supervision of probation officer after agreeing to follow certain conditions


List and describe the eight sentencing options2
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Home Confinement

  • -Serves time at home

  • -Can only leave for essential purposes


List and describe the eight sentencing options3
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Fine-

  • -Must pay government an amount of money set by the court


List and describe the eight sentencing options4
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Restitution-

  • -Required to pay back or make up for whatever loss or injury was caused to the victim of the crime.


List and describe the eight sentencing options5
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Work Release-

  • Allowed to work in community but must return to prison at night or weekends


List and describe the eight sentencing options6
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Imprisonment-

  • Term in Jail or prison

  • Some states have fixed or mandatory sentences for specific crimes


List and describe the eight sentencing options7
List and Describe the Eight Sentencing Options in the Criminal

  • Death-

  • Only used for most heinous offenses


What is the three strikes law what was the reasoning behind such a law in california
What is the three Strikes Law? What was the reasoning behind such a law in California

  • Three Strike Law

  • -A strike is a conviction for a serious or violent crime

  • - 2nd strike = sentence is doubled

  • -3rd strike- 25 years to life with no chance of parole before 25 years

  • Law was created after a 12 year old girl was kidnapped and murdered by a man on parole


What factors help a judge determine a defendant s sentence
What factors help a judge determine a defendant’s sentence?

  • Judge’s theory of convictions

  • What Judge believes is in the best interest of society

  • Presentence report

  • Recommendations from defense attorney and prosecutor


Why do people criticize the system of sentencing do you think it needs to be reformed
Why do people criticize the system of sentencing? Do you think it needs to be reformed?

  • Some believe it gives judges too much discretion

  • Some believe it would be a mistake to take away a judge’s discretion because outside factors lead to criminal behavior


What is the purpose of punishment
What is the purpose of punishment think it needs to be reformed?

  • Retribution- “eye for an eye”

    Society punishes criminal rather thanindividuals

    Deterrence- To discourage offender from committing another crime

    Rehabilitation– Help convicted persons change behavior so they can become useful and have productive lives.

    Incapacitation- Criminal separated from society to protect society


Define parole do you think defendants should have such a privilege
Define Parole. Do you think defendants should have such a privilege?

  • -Release of convicted person from prison before the entire sentence has been served

  • -Some states criminals are eligible after serving minimal sentence: others eligible after portion of total sentence has been served


What are the guidelines for determining whether a defendant is sentenced to death or life imprisonment?

  • -Aggravating Circumstance

  • -Mitigating Circumstance


What are the three phases of reentry
What are the three phases of reentry? is sentenced to death or life imprisonment?

  • Begin in Correctional Facilities

    1. Provide education, mental health services, substance abuse treatment, job training, and mentoring to convicts

  • Focus on transition from institution back to society

  • Link individuals who have left supervision of justice system with a network of social services


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