Public management historical review thursday august 7 2014
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Public Management Historical Review Thursday, August 7, 2014. Hun Myoung Park, Ph.D. Public Management & Policy Analysis Program Graduate School of International Relations. PA Paradigms 1. Politics/administration dichotomy 1900-1926 Frank J. Goodnow, Politics and Administration , 1900

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Public Management Historical Review Thursday, August 7, 2014

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Public management historical review thursday august 7 2014

Public ManagementHistorical ReviewThursday, August 7, 2014

Hun Myoung Park, Ph.D.

Public Management & Policy Analysis ProgramGraduate School of International Relations


Pa paradigms 1

PA Paradigms 1

  • Politics/administration dichotomy

  • 1900-1926

  • Frank J. Goodnow, Politics and Administration, 1900

  • Leonard D. White, Introduction to the Study of Public Administration, 1926

  • POSDCORB


Pa paradigms 2

PA Paradigms 2

  • Principles of public administration

  • 1927-1937

  • W. F. Willoughby, Principles of Public Administration (1927)

  • Luther H. Gulick and Lyndall Urwick. Papers on the Science of Administration, (1937)


Pa paradigms 3

PA Paradigms 3

  • Challenge (1938-1950)

  • Public administration as political science (1950-1970)

  • Public administration as administrative science or management (1956-1970)

  • Public administration as public administration (1970-present)

  • Public administration as governance (1990-present)


Frederick taylor

Frederick Taylor

  • Scientific management

  • Time motion studies

  • Workers increase well-being through productivity.

  • Highly impersonal


Max weber

Max Weber

Advanced organizations are grounded in rational-legal form of authority and are superior.

Defined the basic characteristics of a good bureaucracy

Ideal type of bureaucracy


Principle of administration

Principle of Administration

Sought to develop principles of administration for all organization forms

Tended to emphasize hierarchy and specialization

Division of work based on task, geographic location, interdependency of work processes

Coordination of work: span of control, one master, technical efficiency

Scalar principle


Human relations 1

Human Relations 1

  • Hawthorne Studies

    a.Weaker lighting did not reduce productivity.

  • Maslow

    a.Needs hierarchy

    b.Five major categories of needs (bottom to top)

    i.Psychological

    ii.Safety

    iii.Love

    iv.Esteem,

    v.Self-actualization.


Human relations 2

Human Relations 2

  • McGregor

    a.1957 article “The Human Side of the Enterprise”

    • Distills the contending traditional (authoritarian) managerial philosophies into Theory X and Y.


Herbert simon

Herbert Simon

Influenced by Chester Barnard’s Functions of the Executive

1947 PAR “Proverbs of Administration”

Critiques four then-accepted principles of public administration that lead to efficiency

Specialization,hierarchy of command, limited span of control, group workers according to purpose, process, clientele and place

Bounded rationality and satisficing model


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