AGENDA FOR MEETING. WELCOME AND INTRODUCTIONS. 2. CONTEXT AND PURPOSE OF THE PRACTICE SEMINARS. WHAT IS FAMILY SUPPORT “A DEFINITION”. 4. THEORIES BEHIND THE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FAMILY SUPPORT PRACTICE / CASE STUDIES. 5. THE IMPORTANCE OF REFLECTIVE PRACTICE IN THE WORK.
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AGENDA FOR MEETING
WELCOME AND INTRODUCTIONS.
2. CONTEXT AND PURPOSE OF THE PRACTICE SEMINARS.
WHAT IS FAMILY SUPPORT “A DEFINITION”.
4. THEORIES BEHIND THE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FAMILY SUPPORT PRACTICE/ CASE STUDIES.
5. THE IMPORTANCE OF REFLECTIVE PRACTICE IN THE WORK.
6. THE AGENDA FOR “CHILDREN’S SERVICES ” AND HOW THIS CAN BE LINKED WITH THE STRATEGIC PLANNING OF FAMILY RESOURCE CENTRES.
PLEASE NOTE: Information for this presentation is primarily taken from the Strategic Framework Document for Family Support written by Kieran McKeownfor the FRC Programme, the Agenda for Children’s Services and info supplied by NUIG.
PURPOSE OF PRACTICE SEMINARS
1. To ensure that all Projects
understand the current developments
and implications of the move under
the Dept. of Children and Youth Affairs.
2. Opportunity to engage in a
discussion on the role of the FRC
Programme in Family Support.
3. Attempt to develop consistency
across the country in peoples
understanding of Family Support
4. Give a basic introduction to the
background and theory behind
Family Support Practice and how it
links with Community Development.
5. An opportunity to share concerns
and understand the various
different levels of Family Support
6. To develop a programme for future
training, development of policies or
identify additional supports required
by Projects to move through the
CAN to develop report based on info gathered at each Seminar and review to take place in
RE-CAP ON CURRENT SITUATION / WHERE THE FRC PROGRAMME IS NOW BASED
The FSA and the National
Forum had to consider how best to help the FRC Programme survive in this changing environment
Change of Government brought about the development of new Departments
The FRC Programme was to be placed either in the Dept. of Community, Environment and Local Government, where Cohesion under the Partnership was inevitable, or into the Dept. of Children and Youth Affairs.
In 2010, in readiness for the change the Forum had already developed a Strategy and Position Paper on promoting the capacity of FRCs in supporting families
The FSA and Forum lobbied for the FRC Programme to come under the Dept. of Children and Youth as this was a safer bet for maintaining autonomy
PRESENTATION NO 1:
Definition of Family Support Practice
A WORKING DEFINITION OF THE FAMILY
A DEFINITION OF FAMILY SUPPORT
The work of FRCs is based on a “HOLISTIC / COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT” approach which fits in well with this definition
BACK GROUND TO FAMILY SUPPORT PRACTICE
Just like Community Development, Family Support Practice has a long history and includes 24 pieces of national and inter-national legislation that has influenced the practice.
There are 7 key pieces that relate to the current circumstances and these are……..
1. 1991 CHILDCARE ACT:
Replaced the 1908 Act. Better for children to grow up in their own families. Onus on HSE to provide a range of child care and family support services. Welfare of child paramount.
Connected to the setting up of the Community Development Projects (CDPs) in 1991 AND Family Resource Centres (FRCs) in 1995.
2. 1989 UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON RIGHTS OF THE CHILD:
Adopted in Ireland in 1992 / international recognition that children have a right to a range of civil, economic, cultural and political rights.
3. 1998 REPORT ON COMMISSION OF THE FAMILY:
State policy on Family Support, highlighting the need for preventative and supportive measures for families which would lead to the setting up of the Family Support Agency in 2003.
4. 1999 & 2011 CHILDRENS FIRST GUIDELINES:
National guidelines for the protection of children / defining family support practice.
5. 2003 FAMILY SUPPORTAGENCY ACT:
Established the FSA and officially separated the FRCs from the CDP Programme and establish the Family and Community Resource Centre Programme.
6. 2005 SET UP OF NATIONAL CHILDRENS OFFICE:
Improve the lives of children and implement the National Children’s Strategy and coherancein policy,this has become the Office of the Minister of Children and Youth Affairs where FRC’s are now placed.
7. 2007 THE AGENDA FOR CHILDREN’S SERVICES:
Core principle that the provision of health and social services be based on the child being supported in the family within the local community.
FAMILY SUPPORT PRACTICE ALSO HAS 10 CORE PRINCIPLES
THESE PRINCIPLES ARE VERY CLEARLY LINKED TO THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES THAT FRC’S USE IN THEIR DAY TO DAY WORK
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PRACTICE
FAMILY SUPPORT PRACTICE PRINCIPLES
Collective Action &
Working in partnership
1. Working in Partnership / holistic approach.
2. Promotes the view that effective
interventions are those that strengthen
informal support networks.
3. Families can self refer / multi-
access referral paths can be created.
and Social Inclusion
Empowerment / human rights based approaches
5. Clear focus on the wishes, feelings, safety
and well being of children.
6. Needs led and strives for the minimum
7. Family Support Services reflects strength
based perspective of families and children.
Process and the task
8. Involvement of service users and providers
in planning, delivery and evaluation.
9. Family Support creates an accessible and
flexible environment based on needs.
Social change and
10. Measures success through evaluation based
on outcomes for service users, this supports
the development of effective services.
COMMENTS OR QUESTIONS
PRESENTATION NO 2:
Theory behind the different levels of Family Support
THERE ARE 5 KEY THEORIES UNDERPINNING INFORMAL FAMILY SUPPORT
Core functions of the family
Primary relationships in early childhood development
Families do not exist in a vacuum but in a community / neighbourhood
Builds on capacity / acts as a resource
CHILDREN AND FAMILY
Stress and strain
Cope and adapt
THEORY OF SOCIAL ECOLOGY / ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
THESE ARE DIFFERENT LAYERS OF SYSTEMS THAT INTERACT WITH EACH OTHER
(LIKE RUSSION DOLLS)
The definitions are all based on assumptions that people rely on each other for basic needs;
Social support can be defined as “behaviours that assist persons that are undergoing stressful life circumstances to cope with the circumstances they face” ;
“Responsive acts of assists between human beings”
Automatically assumed by most people;
Proven area of Social Science;
Enhancing social support is the aim of formal support services;
THEORY OF SOCIAL SUPPORT
INFORMAL, SEMI-FORMAL AND FORMAL SOURCES
PERCIEVED AND RECEIVED SUPPORT
TYPES OF SOCIAL SUPPORT……..
CONCRETE & PRACTICAL:Where an offer to do or to provide is proffered.
EMOTIONAL:Where concern and empathy are offered.
INFORMATION & ADVICE:Where suggestions and advice are offered.
ESTEEM:Where encouragement and belief in the recipient is provided.
THEORY OF SOCIAL CAPITAL
The assets of daily living including good will between people;
The more embedded a family is across the levels of the eco-system the greater will be their social capital;
Accruing of benefits and capital from involvement with networks or other social structures;
Social connections between people – based on principles of shared norms, trust and reciprocity.
FORMS OF SOCIAL CAPITOL ARE…….
HUMAN & CULTURAL
Linked to wider social networks and local informal / formal networks such as:
Family; extended family; community and voluntary groups; clubs; work place; child minders; political parties; classmates etc..
FEATURES OF SOCIAL CAPITAL…….
BONDING SOCIAL CAPITAL:Close ties and strong local trust “Getting by”
BRIDGING SOCIAL CAPITAL:Weak ties with people who are not close
Community based Family Support Aims to build up
BONDING SOCIAL CAPITAL
through local supportive networks.
Forming a close attachmensto a care giver is the most important early social relationship.
Attachment Theory involves the study of early formative relationships and how these are key to the infant in forming attachments;
The quality of these attachments informs emotional health and personal development.
THEORY OF ATTACHMENT
MOST IMPORTANTLY ATTACHMENT THEORY PROVIDES AND UNDERSTANDING OF……….
Why those who have suffered adverse relationships in the past go onto find relationships difficult in the future, with parents, peers, partners, children, neighbours and figures of authority.
THEORY OF RESILIANCE
SOCIAL JUSTICE AND CHILDRENS RIGHTS
A FRAMEWORK FOR
THE DELIVERY OF FAMILY SUPPORT
Framework for Support Services (HARDIKER 1991)
In need of specialist care
Established difficulties and serious risk
Those with early difficulties and risk
All children and young people
Universally available services
CATAGORIES OF SUPPORT LINKED TO THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK DOCUMENT
LEVELS OF NEED
Supports and rehabilitation for children
and families with established difficulties
and at serious risk
Services for children and families
targeting early difficulties and at
Support for children and families in need.
Universally available services
SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION
You will be given a case study for each small group.
You are being asked to consider the level of intervention that is required.
FEEDBACK / DISCUSSION
PRESENTATION NO 3
The importance of Reflective Practice
in the work
WHY TAKE THE TIME TO REFLECT ON PRACTICE
Gives staff time to reflect on stresses and demands
of the work.
Creates a supportive and safe environment in which to
3. Sharing of ideas, solutions and possibilities for
4. Builds the confidence and skills of staff.
5. Highlights problems arising in the work, opportunity to explore referral to other services that may need to be brought in.
6. Ensures and facilitates accountability / protects staff.
7. Can be undertaken on a one to one basis or in staff
WHAT ARE WE REFLECTING ON…..
PERSON OR FAMILY IN NEED / THE ISSUES PRESENTED
What you know
What you do
(The skills & practice)
How you do it
(The attitude and values)
NEEDS MET / OUTCOMES ACHIEVED
LOOK AT CASE STUDIES AGAIN AND DISCUSS:
What was the knowledge / theory required by the staff member to deal with the issue ?
What skills / practice were used and what were the actions implemented ?
What was the attitude / values of the staff member ?
( INFORMATION FROM KIERION McKEOWN’S STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR FAMILY SUPPORT )
POSSIBLE QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE USED IN SUPERVISION OR TEAM MEETINGS THAT RELATE TO FAMILY SUPPORT PRACTICE
BRIEF OPEN DISCUSSION
Is this the same or different in terms of the
a). Knowledge, skills and values that you already work from, and
b). The reflective practice you do
If so, what do you notice are the similarities and differences ?
Future external evaluation systems currently being developed by KieronMcKeown may define how we carry out reflective practice as this will be more outcomes based.
Also, more info on reflective practice also in the Agenda for Childrens Services
PRESENTATION NO 4
Being aware of and developing links with the Agenda for Children’s Services
WHY SHOULD WE ?
The Childrens’s Services Strategy is now under the care of the Department of Children and Youth Affairs and has huge influence. This is the same Department that the Community and Family Resource Centre Programme has moved to.
The Agenda for Children’s Services is to develop a
WHOLE CHILD / WHOLE SYSTEM APPROACH
to promoting better outcomes for children through co-operative and collaborative working relationships and services.
FRCs have a role to play in this.
BETTER OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN
Enhancing the status and improving the quality of children’s lives by building
strong and healthy families and communities
through the process of….
THR AGENDA FOR CHILDRENS SERVICES HAS A POLICY DOCUMENT WHICH OUTLINES THE FOLLOWING:
1. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE
2. PROMOTING GOOD OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE
3. SERVICE CHARACTARISTICS NEEDED TO ACHIEVE GOOD OUTCOMES INCLUDING:
3.1 Connecting Services with family and Community Strengths;
3.2 Ensuring quality services;
3.3 Opening access to services;
3.4 Delivering integrated services;
3.5 Planning, monitoring and evaluating Services.
4. GETTING THERE TOGETHER
4.1 Circles of responsibility;
4.2 Shared style of working
Connects with reflective practice
Document can be downloaded from www.omc.gov.ie
THERE ARE 7 NATIONAL OUTCOMES IN THE STRATEGY FOR CHILDRENS SERVICES
(To be reduced to 5)
HEALTHY BOTH PHYSICALLY AND MENTALLY;
SUPPORTED IN ACTIVE LEARNING;
SAFE FROM ACCIDENTAL OR INTENTIONAL HARM;
4. ECONOMICALLY SECURE;
5. SECURE IN TH EIMMEDIATE AND WIDER PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT;
6. PART OF POSITIVE NETWORKS OF FAMILY, FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS AND THE COMMUNITY;
7. INCLUDED AND PARTICIPATING IN SOCIETY.
Establishing activities that are believed to be helpful to those who participate. Usually targeted at groups / individuals and are evidence based.
Are fexible, needs based, provides support at individual or community level and supports positive community involvement helping children and parents to feel more attached to the area.
5 CHARACTERISTS NEEDED TO ACHIEVE
IN ORDER TO PROMOTE THE 7 NATIONAL OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN, SERVICES NEED TO STRIVE TO ACHIEVE 5 “ESSENTIAL CHARACHTERSISTICS”
Connecting with family and community strengths.
(Directly related to building connections with FRCs)
2. Ensuring quality of service.
Opening access to services.
(Potential to deliver Services through FRCs)
4. Delivering integrated services.
(Again promotes the idea of working together WITH FRCs)
Planning, monitoring and evaluating services.
(Connects in with external evaluation that will be developed between Kieran McKeown and FRCs)
Key web site addresses and documents to read:
STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR FAMILY SUPPORT
BY KIERON McKEOWN
THE AGENDA FOR CHILDRENS SERVICES / A POLICY HANDBOOK
FILL IN EVALUATION SHEET
From your participation today….
1. What is one thing that has changed in your understanding of Family Support Practice ?
2. What are this issues / concerns that this raises for you or your Project ?
3. What are the future support needs for you or your Project in the area of Family Support Practice ?