Chapter 18: Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism
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Chapter 18: Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism. Historical Basis for the Concept of Intellectual Property. What has value? How has the concept of assigning value evolved?. Agricultural Age – This has value:. Industrial Age – This has value:.

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Historical basis for the concept of intellectual property
Historical Basis for the Concept of Intellectual Property Avoiding Plagiarism

What has value? How has the concept of assigning value evolved?









Why credit sources in my essays1
Why credit sources in my essays? Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Makes you and your argument trustworthy? (audience appeal)


Why credit sources in my essays2
Why credit sources in my essays? Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Makes you (and your argument) trustworthy? (audience appeal)

  • Proper citation illustrates that you have done your research.


Why credit sources in my essays3
Why credit sources in my essays? Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Makes you (and your argument) trustworthy? (audience appeal)

  • Proper citation illustrates that you have done your research.

  • Thinking through sources leads to closer self-analysis of your writing.


Citing sources and recognizing plagiarism consider
Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider… Avoiding Plagiarism

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.


Citing sources and recognizing plagiarism consider1
Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider… Avoiding Plagiarism

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.

  • The responsibility of the writer


Citing sources and recognizing plagiarism consider2
Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider… Avoiding Plagiarism

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.

  • The responsibility of the writer

  • The societal view of plagiarism


Citing sources and recognizing plagiarism consider3
Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider… Avoiding Plagiarism

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.

  • The responsibility of the writer: student or professional

  • The societal view of plagiarism

  • You don’t want to run afoul of the Academic Integrity policy


Plagiarism can be
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism


Plagiarism can be1
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • A paraphrase too close to the original source.


Plagiarism can be2
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • A paraphrase too close to the original source.

  • Example:

    • Original: But certainly, the Monroe Doctrine fueled an unparalleled period of American colonialism.

    • Paraphrase: “some scholars feel that the Monroe Doctrine fueled an unmatched era of American colonialism.”


Plagiarism can be3
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Omission of the parenthetical reference


Plagiarism can be4
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Omission of the parenthetical reference.

  • Example:

  • But it is certain it caused an “unparalleled period of American colonialism.”


Plagiarism can be5
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Omission of the parenthetical reference.

  • Example:

    • But it is certain it caused an “unparalleled period of American colonialism”.

  • Corrected:

    • But it is certain it caused an “unparalleled period of American colonialism” (Melancon).


Plagiarism can be6
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Failure to acknowledge the source of an idea not your own.


Plagiarism can be7
Plagiarism can be: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Failure to acknowledge the source of an idea not your own.

  • Example:

    • Original: But certainly, the Monroe Doctrine fueled an unparalleled period of American colonialism.

    • Failure to acknowledge: “I would argue that American colonialism was fueled to a large degree by the Monroe Doctrine.”


How to acknowledge a source
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism


How to acknowledge a source1
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.


How to acknowledge a source2
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

    • But Dunbar-Ortiz asserted that “the realization of my own insignificance did not depress or frighten me.”


How to acknowledge a source3
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).


How to acknowledge a source4
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).

    • But Dunbar-Ortiz asserted that “the realization of my own insignificance did not depress or frighten me” (216).


How to acknowledge a source5
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).

  • Include sources in Works Cited page.


How to acknowledge a source6
How to acknowledge a source Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).

  • Include sources in Works Cited page.

    Works Cited

    • Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxie. Red Dirt. Norman OK: Univ of Oklahoma Press, 2006. Print.


Things you should acknowledge
Things you should acknowledge: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Direct quotations

  • Facts that are not widely known

  • Arguable statements

  • Judgments, opinions, claims made by others

  • Images, statistics, charts, illustrations

  • Collaboration

Source: Everything’s an Argument, 544


Exceptions when you don t have to cite
Exceptions (when you Avoiding Plagiarismdon’t have to cite)

  • Facts that are common knowledge

  • Facts available from a wide variety of sources

  • Your own findings


Internet sources
Internet Sources Avoiding Plagiarism


Internet sources1
Internet Sources Avoiding Plagiarism

  • You still have to cite them


Internet sources2
Internet Sources Avoiding Plagiarism

  • You still have to cite them

  • “Fair use” applies in this class


Internet sources3
Internet Sources Avoiding Plagiarism

  • You still have to cite them

  • “Fair use” applies in this class

  • Instances you should still ask for permission:


Internet sources4
Internet Sources Avoiding Plagiarism

  • You still have to cite them

  • “Fair use” applies in this class

  • Instances you should still ask for permission:

    • Personal communications

    • Graphics, images, and photos if it’s going to be published outside of class. (Exception: pictures published under open license, e.g., Creative Commons)


And finally collaboration
And finally….collaboration: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Give credit to your collaborators.


Photos
Photos: Avoiding Plagiarism

  • "Corn at the Union Sq Farmer's Market" by Jeff Pierce. Creative Commons License. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffpearce/254520406/. Web.

  • "Eagle and Phenix Mills 1914" by Raymond Dukes Creative Commons License.. http:[email protected]/5443345378/. Web.

  • "Bill Gates - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting New York 2002" by World Economic Forum [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bill_Gates_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_New_York_2002.jpg. Web.

  • "Steve Jobs Co-founder of Apple Computer". Annie Banannie.Creative Commons License. http:[email protected]/4310088820/. Web.

  • "Mark Zuckerberg f8 Keynote" B.D. Solis. Creative Commons License. http://www.flickr.com/photos/briansolis/2696198607/. Web.


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