Chapter 18: Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism
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Chapter 18: Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism. Historical Basis for the Concept of Intellectual Property. What has value? How has the concept of assigning value evolved?. Agricultural Age – This has value:. Industrial Age – This has value:.

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Chapter 18: Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism

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Chapter 18: Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism


Historical Basis for the Concept of Intellectual Property

What has value? How has the concept of assigning value evolved?


Agricultural Age – This has value:


Industrial Age – This has value:


Information age – this has value:


…and, oh yeah, these paper things have value, too:


How do we protect the value of an idea?


We operate in a world that values intellectual property.


Why credit sources in my essays?


Why credit sources in my essays?

  • Makes you and your argument trustworthy? (audience appeal)


Why credit sources in my essays?

  • Makes you (and your argument) trustworthy? (audience appeal)

  • Proper citation illustrates that you have done your research.


Why credit sources in my essays?

  • Makes you (and your argument) trustworthy? (audience appeal)

  • Proper citation illustrates that you have done your research.

  • Thinking through sources leads to closer self-analysis of your writing.


Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider…

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.


Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider…

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.

  • The responsibility of the writer


Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider…

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.

  • The responsibility of the writer

  • The societal view of plagiarism


Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism. Consider…

  • What we’ll be writing about this semester: essays from the book.

  • The responsibility of the writer: student or professional

  • The societal view of plagiarism

  • You don’t want to run afoul of the Academic Integrity policy


Plagiarism can be:


Plagiarism can be:

  • A paraphrase too close to the original source.


Plagiarism can be:

  • A paraphrase too close to the original source.

  • Example:

    • Original: But certainly, the Monroe Doctrine fueled an unparalleled period of American colonialism.

    • Paraphrase: “some scholars feel that the Monroe Doctrine fueled an unmatched era of American colonialism.”


Plagiarism can be:

  • Omission of the parenthetical reference


Plagiarism can be:

  • Omission of the parenthetical reference.

  • Example:

  • But it is certain it caused an “unparalleled period of American colonialism.”


Plagiarism can be:

  • Omission of the parenthetical reference.

  • Example:

    • But it is certain it caused an “unparalleled period of American colonialism”.

  • Corrected:

    • But it is certain it caused an “unparalleled period of American colonialism” (Melancon).


Plagiarism can be:

  • Failure to acknowledge the source of an idea not your own.


Plagiarism can be:

  • Failure to acknowledge the source of an idea not your own.

  • Example:

    • Original: But certainly, the Monroe Doctrine fueled an unparalleled period of American colonialism.

    • Failure to acknowledge: “I would argue that American colonialism was fueled to a large degree by the Monroe Doctrine.”


How to acknowledge a source


How to acknowledge a source

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.


How to acknowledge a source

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

    • But Dunbar-Ortiz asserted that “the realization of my own insignificance did not depress or frighten me.”


How to acknowledge a source

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).


How to acknowledge a source

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).

    • But Dunbar-Ortiz asserted that “the realization of my own insignificance did not depress or frighten me” (216).


How to acknowledge a source

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).

  • Include sources in Works Cited page.


How to acknowledge a source

  • Quotation marks around the words you’re directly quoting.

  • Cite source in the appropriate style (MLA, APA, Chicago).

  • Include sources in Works Cited page.

    Works Cited

    • Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxie. Red Dirt. Norman OK: Univ of Oklahoma Press, 2006. Print.


Things you should acknowledge:

  • Direct quotations

  • Facts that are not widely known

  • Arguable statements

  • Judgments, opinions, claims made by others

  • Images, statistics, charts, illustrations

  • Collaboration

Source: Everything’s an Argument, 544


Exceptions (when you don’t have to cite)

  • Facts that are common knowledge

  • Facts available from a wide variety of sources

  • Your own findings


Internet Sources


Internet Sources

  • You still have to cite them


Internet Sources

  • You still have to cite them

  • “Fair use” applies in this class


Internet Sources

  • You still have to cite them

  • “Fair use” applies in this class

  • Instances you should still ask for permission:


Internet Sources

  • You still have to cite them

  • “Fair use” applies in this class

  • Instances you should still ask for permission:

    • Personal communications

    • Graphics, images, and photos if it’s going to be published outside of class. (Exception: pictures published under open license, e.g., Creative Commons)


And finally….collaboration:

  • Give credit to your collaborators.


Photos:

  • "Corn at the Union Sq Farmer's Market" by Jeff Pierce. Creative Commons License. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffpearce/254520406/. Web.

  • "Eagle and Phenix Mills 1914" by Raymond Dukes Creative Commons License.. http:[email protected]/5443345378/. Web.

  • "Bill Gates - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting New York 2002" by World Economic Forum [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bill_Gates_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_New_York_2002.jpg. Web.

  • "Steve Jobs Co-founder of Apple Computer". Annie Banannie.Creative Commons License. http:[email protected]/4310088820/. Web.

  • "Mark Zuckerberg f8 Keynote" B.D. Solis. Creative Commons License. http://www.flickr.com/photos/briansolis/2696198607/. Web.


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