Education in bulgaria
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Education in Bulgaria. The first schools in Bulgaria began opening in the early nineteenth century first for boys and then for girls. In 1878 the government passed the Temporary Law on National Schools. S everal universities were established in the period 1878 – 1918 .

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Education in Bulgaria

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Education in bulgaria

Education in Bulgaria


Education in bulgaria

The first schools in Bulgaria began opening in the early nineteenth centuryfirst for boys and then for girls.

In 1878 the government passed the Temporary Law on National Schools.

Several universities were established in the period 1878 – 1918.

During the communist era, the Soviet Union had a great impact on Bulgarian educational system.

After the end of the Zhivkov Era (1979), the Bulgarian educational system was completely reconstructed.


Education in bulgaria

Structure of the Educational System

The system consists of four levels:

Pre-Primary Education

Elementary Education

Secondary Education

Higher Education


Education in bulgaria

Българската образователна система

Българската образователна система


Education in bulgaria

Pre-Primary Education

Pre-primary education embraces children between 3 and 6/7 years old. Optional kindergarten education is provided for children between three and six years old. However, prior to starting school, children must attend a one-year pre-school program.


Education in bulgaria

Elementary Education

Elementary education (grades 1 - 8) includes primary school (grades 1 - 4) and junior high school (grades 5 - 8). Certificate for Primary Education and Certificate for Elementary Education are obtained upon successful completion of grade 4 and 8 respectively. High schools use grades from the Certificate for Elementary Education as a major admissions criterion.

Duration of compulsory education:

Age of entry: 7

Age of exit: 19

Structure of school system:

Basic First Stage

Type of school providing this education: Natchalno utchilischte (form I to IV)

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 7 to: 10

Certificate/diploma awarded: Grade IV Leaving Certificate

Basic Second Stage

Type of school providing this education: Progimnazialno utchilichte (form V to VIII)

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 10 to: 14


Education in bulgaria

Secondary Education

Secondary education comprises comprehensive high schools and vocational school. The admission to comprehensive schools is based upon grades from entry exams in Bulgarian and/or mathematics as well as grades in junior high school. Students can enroll in high school after the successful completion of grades 7 or 8. Usually, those who want to study languages, mathematics, or informatics in-depth apply to high school in 7th grade. Students graduating from high-school must take high school exit exams in Bulgarian and another subject of their choice.

Usual grading system in secondary school

Full Description: 2-6; 6: otlichen (excellent); 5: mnogo dobur (very good); 4: dobur (good); 3: sreden (sufficient); 2: slab (poor).

Highest on scale: 6

Pass/fail level: 3/2

Lowest on scale: 2


Education in bulgaria

Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Gimnazii (form IX to XII)

Length of program in years: 4 (Age level from: 14 to: 19)

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma za  Zavurcheno Sredno Obrazovanie (Diploma of  Completed Secondary Education)

Type of school providing this education: Profilirani Gimnazii (form IX to XII)

Length of program in years: 5

Age level from: 15 to: 19

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma za Zavurcheno Sredno Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Secondary Education)


Education in bulgaria

Vocational Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Professionalni gimnazii I/ili technikumil

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 15 to: 19

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma za Zavurcheno Sredno Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Secondary Education) and Certificate of Professional Qualification.

Vocational Secondary

Type of school providing this education: Professionalni utchilichta

Length of program in years: 4

Age level from: 15 to: 19

Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma za Zavurcheno Sredno Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Secondary Education) and Certificate of Professional Qualification


Education in bulgaria

Higher Education

The types of higher education institutions are Universities, Colleges and Specialized Higher Schools.

Universities, as in most countries worldwide, have three stages: Bachelor's (undergraduate), Master's (graduate), and Doctoral degrees.

Undergraduate stage lasts for at least four years and graduate stage lasts for five years after completion of secondary education or one year after obtaining a

Bachelor’s Degree. The third stage of higher education results in obtaining a Ph.D. Degree.

Specialized higher schools offer degrees in one or more areas of science, arts, sports, and defense. Usually, the names of these institutions indicate the area of specialization. Colleges are former semi-higher institutes. Some of them are part of universities and use their equipment and facilities.

Some of the most prestigious universities in Bulgaria are Sofia University, University of National and World Economy, Plovdiv University, Technical University, and South-West University "Neofit Rilski“.


Education in bulgaria

Teacher education:

Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers

Primary school teachers are trained at Kliment Ohridski University in Sofia, Saints Cyril and Methodius University of Valiko Târnovo, the University of Shumen, St Paďssďi Hilendarski University of Plovdiv and at some Academies of Arts. Courses, which last for four and five years, lead to the professional qualification of teacher.

Training of secondary school teachers

Secondary school teachers obtain their professional qualification of teacher after four or five years of post-secondary studies (at a university or at some Academies of Arts), during which they receive special training in teaching.

Training of higher education teachers

Higher education teachers are trained at universities.


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