Present perfect
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Present perfect. = předpřítomný čas. Introduction. Present perfect refers to past and to present . Present perfect is used when something happened in the past and it still has some effects . The time is not important . We do not know exactly when the action happened .

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Present perfect

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Present perfect

Presentperfect

= předpřítomný čas


Introduction

Introduction

  • Presentperfectrefers to past and to present.

  • Presentperfectisusedwhensomethinghappened in the past anditstill has someeffects.

  • Thetimeis not important. We do not knowexactlywhentheactionhappened.

  • Presentperfectcanbeusedwithexpressions such as: ever, never, since, yetetc.


Present perfect1

Presentperfect

  • Declarative sentence:

    noun/pronoun + have+ 3rd formofthe verb

  • Negative sentence:

    noun/pronoun + have + not +3rd formofthe verb

  • Question:

    have + noun/pronoun + 3rd formofthe verb


Present perfect2

Presentperfect

  • Examples:

    Haveyouseenthemovie?

    Nobody has everclimbedthatmountain.

    I havebeen to London.

    She has lost her keys.

    He has not become a doctor.

    Haveyou met himalready?


Exercise change the word order and create the correct sentences

ExerciseChangethewordorderandcreatethecorrectsentences:

  • Lost/I/keys/have/my.

    ______________________________________

  • Wife/we/never/his/met/have.

    ______________________________________

  • many/John/have/I/known/years/for.

    ______________________________________

  • Twice/Finland/been/she/has/to.

    ______________________________________

  • Ever/you/tasted/japanese/have/sushi/?

    ______________________________________

  • Last/we/not/caught/bus/have/the.

    ______________________________________

  • Just/some/made/coffee/I/have.

    ______________________________________


Difference between present perfect and past tense

DifferencebetweenPresentperfectand Past tense

  • Pasttense – usageof 2nd formofthe verb

    X

  • Presentperfect – usageof 3rd formofthe verb

  • Pasttense – actionshappened in concrete moment in the past orfinishedactions, e.g. I lost my keysyesterday. I lost my keysand I foundthemlater.

    X

  • Presentperfect – actionshappened in nonspecifictime in the past oractionsthathappened in the past and are still happening now, e.g. I havelost my keys. (I do nthavethemnow).


Exercise choose what tense is used in each sentence explain why translate into czech

ExerciseChoosewhat tense isused in eachsentence. Explainwhy. TranslateintoCzech.

  • Weplayedfootball last Sunday.

  • I haveknown Peter forfiveyears.

  • Theyworked in thehospitalfrom 1970 to 2001.

  • He has travelled a lot in Asia.

  • I haven´t met her yet.

  • He worked as a musicianwhen he was ten.

  • He has worked as a musiciansince he was ten.

  • They´ve lived in Englandfor ten years.

  • Theylived in Englandfor ten years.

  • I havealwayslikedskiing.

  • I broke my arm last year.

  • Thisisprobablythelongestletter I´ve everwritten.


Translate

Translate:

  • Včera jsem se díval na televizi.

  • Ještě nikdy jsem ten film neviděl.

  • Kdy jsi se narodil?

  • Jak dlouho už tady žiješ?

  • Nemohu si to koupit. Utratil jsem už všechny peníze.

  • Nikdy jsem nebyl v zahraničí.

  • Už jsi někdy vylezl na strom?

  • Na jaře jsem si koupil nové kolo.


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