Psych. DMA. Define maturation As men advance through middle adulthood, they experience a gradual decline in…. Don’t forget to write down the question and leave room for your answer. Today’s Agenda. DMA Reminders Piaget Issues Child Dev. Harlow Ainsworth Freud Homework:
Don’t forget to write down the question and leave
room for your answer.
Please bring your chapter notes on Wednesday…
You may have time to work on them
Problems with Piaget
Development is NOT learning.
Shinskey & Munakata (2003) found infants had advantage searching in the dark vs. searching under a thing in the light.
Scher, Amir & Tirsh (2000) findings indicate that babies with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.
(In other words - you sleep better when you know where your stuff is.)
Freud's Stages of Development
According to Freud:
A reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, and feelings.
According to Contemporary Psychology:
Information processing of which we are unaware.
Human personality (including emotions and strivings) arises from a conflict between our aggressive, pleasure-seeking biological impulses and the internalized social restraints against them.
Personality is the result of our efforts to resolve the conflict.
This conflict centers on 3 systems
Urge to satisfy basic drives:
Major factor of the Id is the Pleasure Principle - if the id is not restrained by reality, it seeks immediate gratification.
Moral imperatives of what is right.
Voice of conscious forces the ego to think about how things OUGHT TO BE.
Basically the Superego is fighting the Id and therefore the Ego must balance.
Seeks to gratify the Id's impulses in realistic ways.
(Sometimes this is referred to as the Reality Principle.)
Contains partly conscious perceptions, thoughts, judgments, and memories.
Ok, Wheeler, what the heck does this have to do with kids?
Basically, Freud separated out development via the Id's focuses.
When the Id's pleasure seeking energies focus on the distinct pleasure sensitive area of the body (i.e. erogenous zones) a different developmental stage is reached.
Please read page 577.
Begin at Personality Structure.
Read through page 579 and stop at Defense Mechanisms.