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Psych. DMA. Define maturation As men advance through middle adulthood, they experience a gradual decline in…. Don’t forget to write down the question and leave room for your answer. Today’s Agenda. DMA Reminders Piaget Issues Child Dev. Harlow Ainsworth Freud Homework:

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Psych dma
Psych. DMA

  • Define maturation

  • As men advance through middle adulthood, they experience a gradual decline in….

    Don’t forget to write down the question and leave

    room for your answer.


Today s agenda
Today’s Agenda

  • DMA

  • Reminders

  • Piaget

    • Issues

  • Child Dev.

    • Harlow

    • Ainsworth

    • Freud

      Homework:

    • Chap. 4 Test – Dec. 1st

    • Chap. 4 Notes – Dec.1st

    • FRQs # 3 due Wednesday

    • Self-Experiment – due Monday, Nov. 28th

    • Summative Test – Dec. 6th

    • Chap. 4 Review Session – Nov. 29th, 2:15-2:45, Wheeler’s room


Please bring your chapter notes on wednesday

Please bring your chapter notes on Wednesday…

You may have time to work on them 



Big thought
Big thought:

Development is NOT learning.


Issues with piaget s study
Issues with Piaget's study

  • Piaget studied his own kids. (Not really an issue - his findings were applicable and are still used.)

  • Separate stages - distinct stages may not be accurate.

  • Ages in stages may also be off.


However piaget is still the basis of experiments
However, Piaget is still the basis of experiments.

Shinskey & Munakata (2003) found infants had advantage searching in the dark vs. searching under a thing in the light.



Scher, Amir & Tirsh (2000) findings indicate that babies with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

(In other words - you sleep better when you know where your stuff is.)


Social development
Social Development with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

  • Stranger Anxiety

    • fear of strangers that infants commonly display

    • beginning by about 8 months of age

  • Attachment

    • an emotional tie with another person

    • shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and displaying distress on separation


Social development1
Social Development with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

  • Harlow’s Surrogate Mother Experiments

    • Monkeys preferred contact with the comfortable cloth mother, even while feeding from the nourishing wire mother

    • Introduction

    • Scaring the monkey


Social development2
Social Development with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

  • Critical Period

    • an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism’s exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development

  • Imprinting

    • the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life


Social development3
Social Development with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

  • Monkeys raised by artificial mothers were terror-stricken when placed in strange situations without their surrogate mothers.


Mary ainsworth
Mary Ainsworth with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

  • Researched what infants would do when placed in new situations (without parents)…


Mary ainsworth1
Mary Ainsworth with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Findings:

  • Secure attachment

    • Infant was confident to explore the environment (when parent was present)

    • Became distressed when parents left.

    • 66%

  • Avoidant attachment

    • Resist being held by parents & will explore environment.

    • Do not go to parents for comfort when they return

    • 21%


Mary ainsworth2
Mary Ainsworth with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Findings:

  • Anxious/ambivalent attachment

    • Ambivalent reaction to parents

    • May show extreme stress (when parents leave)

    • Resist being comforted by parents

    • 12%


Freud s stages of development

Freud's Stages of Development with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.


Definition of the unconscious

According to with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.Freud:

A reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, and feelings.

According to Contemporary Psychology:

Information processing of which we are unaware.

Definition of the Unconscious


Freud s concept of personality says
Freud's concept of personality says with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Human personality (including emotions and strivings) arises from a conflict between our aggressive, pleasure-seeking biological impulses and the internalized social restraints against them.

Personality is the result of our efforts to resolve the conflict.


This conflict centers on 3 systems

This conflict centers on 3 systems with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.


Id with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Urge to satisfy basic drives:

  • Survival

  • Reproduction

  • Aggression

    Major factor of the Id is the Pleasure Principle - if the id is not restrained by reality, it seeks immediate gratification.


Superego
Superego with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Moral imperatives of what is right.

Voice of conscious forces the ego to think about how things OUGHT TO BE.

Basically the Superego is fighting the Id and therefore the Ego must balance.


Ego with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Seeks to gratify the Id's impulses in realistic ways.

(Sometimes this is referred to as the Reality Principle.)

Contains partly conscious perceptions, thoughts, judgments, and memories.


Ok wheeler what the heck does this have to do with kids

Ok, Wheeler, what the heck does this have to do with kids? with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.


Freud s psychosexual stages of development
Freud's Psychosexual stages of Development with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Basically, Freud separated out development via the Id's focuses.

When the Id's pleasure seeking energies focus on the distinct pleasure sensitive area of the body (i.e. erogenous zones) a different developmental stage is reached.


Reading assignment
Reading Assignment with more advanced grasp of object permanence experienced significantly fewer sleep disturbances than those with lower levels of object concept.

Please read page 577.

Begin at Personality Structure.

Read through page 579 and stop at Defense Mechanisms.


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