Municipal waste futures
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Municipal Waste Futures. Bureau of Waste Management. Municipal Waste Present: 2006. Waste Deposited in 2006 ~ 23.9 million tons Waste Deposited from Pennsylvania ~ 14.4 million tons Waste Deposited from Out-of-State ~ 9.5 million tons. Municipal Waste Futures. Our thoughts:

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Municipal Waste Futures

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Municipal waste futures

Municipal Waste Futures

Bureau of

Waste Management


Municipal waste futures

Municipal Waste Present: 2006

  • Waste Deposited in 2006 ~ 23.9 million tons

  • Waste Deposited from Pennsylvania ~ 14.4 million tons

  • Waste Deposited from Out-of-State ~ 9.5 million tons


Municipal waste futures1

Municipal Waste Futures

Our thoughts:

  • Minimize the amount of waste disposed

  • Maximize reuse and recycling

  • Drive new technology and concepts

  • Focus first on diverting paper, paperboard and organics from the waste stream

  • Look at what other states are doing


Drive new concepts

Drive new concepts

Waste as an energy resource

  • Resource Recovery

  • Landfill Gas to Energy

  • Alternative Fuels – materials diverted from municipal waste stream for beneficial use as fuel


Current status resource recovery

Current Status – Resource Recovery

  • Six Operating Facilities

    • 8,000 tons/day in 2005

  • Southeast and Southcentral PA

  • New Expanded Capacity

    • Harrisburg recently reopened upgraded facility

    • York County considering expansion to meet future demand


Future of resource recovery

Future of Resource Recovery

  • Market/Demand for New Capacity

    • Northeast PA?

    • Southwest PA?

  • Opposition to New Facilities

  • Nonattainment Areas in PA

  • EPA New Source Performance Standards


Current status landfill gas

Current Status - Landfill Gas

  • 25 Operational Projects

    • 15 Projects generating more than 100 megawatts of electricity

    • 10 projects producing 7,000 Million Standard Cubic feet of methane for direct use

  • 16 Pending Projects


Landfill gas to energy

Landfill Gas to Energy


Future of landfill gas

Future of Landfill Gas

  • Expand existing projects to use 100% of landfill gas generated

  • More direct use or high BTU production (pipeline quality)

  • Leachate Recirculation

  • Anaerobic Digestion


Current status alternative fuels

Current Status– Alternative Fuels

  • In 2005, Pa used

    • 10.6 million tons of coal refuse

    • 1.26 million tons of alternative fuels

    • 0.70 million tons of wood

  • PA Cement kilns are obtaining 0 to 20% of their energy needs from alternative fuels

  • Two Coal Refuse Plants are burning alternative fuels


Current status alternative fuels1

Current Status– Alternative Fuels

Three General Permits are available

  • WMGM027 - organic, non-organic residuals with a BTU value of at least 5000 BTU/lb for use as alternative fuels

  • WMGR038 - Processing waste tires and tire-derived material for fuel and consumer products.

  • WMGR068 - Beneficial use of carbonaceous wastes (petro coke, untreated wood chips and other paper and wood industry wastes) as an alternative fuel for circulating fluidized bed boilers


Alternative fuels

Alternative Fuels

  • Waste tires and wood are the most common alternative fuels

  • Most alternative fuels have less BTUs per cubic foot than coal and require additional storage space

  • Some alternatives fuels should be kept dry


Future of wastes as alternative fuels

Future of Wastes as Alternative Fuels

  • Growing demand and market for alternative fuels

    • Major cement manufacturers have established goals to obtain 15-20% of energy from alternative fuels

    • Some plants in Germany are at 70%

    • Potential new demand for alternative fuels is estimated at greater than 2 million tons

  • Lack of high volume/quality supply

    • Salvaging

    • General Permit


Pennsylvania municipal waste composition

Pennsylvania Municipal Waste Composition


Potential supply of alternative fuels

Potential Supply of Alternative Fuels


Potential alternative fuels cont

Potential Alternative Fuels (Cont.)


Rw to energy opportunities

RW to Energy Opportunities


Potential markets

Potential Markets

  • Cement/Lime Kilns = 12

  • Waste Coal Fired Power Plants = 15

  • Existing WTE Facilities = 6

  • Facilities that burn wood > 14


Map of market for alternative fuels

Map of Market for Alternative Fuels


Regulatory status of alternative fuels

Regulatory Status of Alternative Fuels

  • Act 101 Source Separated Recyclable Materials can not be burned

  • Residual Waste used or reused as ingredients in an industrial process to make a product or employed in a particular function or application as an effective substitute for a commercial product is not a waste

  • Coproduct Determination

  • Processed or beneficially used under a General Permit


Salvaging alternative fuels

Salvaging Alternative Fuels

  • Collection

    • Know your customers

    • Keep non combustible materials out of waste

    • Provide value added service

  • Salvaging

    • The operator shall salvage and recycle waste materials received at the facility for which recycling is cost effective


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