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Municipal Waste Futures. Bureau of Waste Management. Municipal Waste Present: 2006. Waste Deposited in 2006 ~ 23.9 million tons Waste Deposited from Pennsylvania ~ 14.4 million tons Waste Deposited from Out-of-State ~ 9.5 million tons. Municipal Waste Futures. Our thoughts:

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Municipal waste futures

Municipal Waste Futures

Bureau of

Waste Management


Municipal Waste Present: 2006

  • Waste Deposited in 2006 ~ 23.9 million tons

  • Waste Deposited from Pennsylvania ~ 14.4 million tons

  • Waste Deposited from Out-of-State ~ 9.5 million tons


Municipal waste futures1
Municipal Waste Futures

Our thoughts:

  • Minimize the amount of waste disposed

  • Maximize reuse and recycling

  • Drive new technology and concepts

  • Focus first on diverting paper, paperboard and organics from the waste stream

  • Look at what other states are doing


Drive new concepts
Drive new concepts

Waste as an energy resource

  • Resource Recovery

  • Landfill Gas to Energy

  • Alternative Fuels – materials diverted from municipal waste stream for beneficial use as fuel


Current status resource recovery
Current Status – Resource Recovery

  • Six Operating Facilities

    • 8,000 tons/day in 2005

  • Southeast and Southcentral PA

  • New Expanded Capacity

    • Harrisburg recently reopened upgraded facility

    • York County considering expansion to meet future demand


Future of resource recovery
Future of Resource Recovery

  • Market/Demand for New Capacity

    • Northeast PA?

    • Southwest PA?

  • Opposition to New Facilities

  • Nonattainment Areas in PA

  • EPA New Source Performance Standards


Current status landfill gas
Current Status - Landfill Gas

  • 25 Operational Projects

    • 15 Projects generating more than 100 megawatts of electricity

    • 10 projects producing 7,000 Million Standard Cubic feet of methane for direct use

  • 16 Pending Projects



Future of landfill gas
Future of Landfill Gas

  • Expand existing projects to use 100% of landfill gas generated

  • More direct use or high BTU production (pipeline quality)

  • Leachate Recirculation

  • Anaerobic Digestion


Current status alternative fuels
Current Status– Alternative Fuels

  • In 2005, Pa used

    • 10.6 million tons of coal refuse

    • 1.26 million tons of alternative fuels

    • 0.70 million tons of wood

  • PA Cement kilns are obtaining 0 to 20% of their energy needs from alternative fuels

  • Two Coal Refuse Plants are burning alternative fuels


Current status alternative fuels1
Current Status– Alternative Fuels

Three General Permits are available

  • WMGM027 - organic, non-organic residuals with a BTU value of at least 5000 BTU/lb for use as alternative fuels

  • WMGR038 - Processing waste tires and tire-derived material for fuel and consumer products.

  • WMGR068 - Beneficial use of carbonaceous wastes (petro coke, untreated wood chips and other paper and wood industry wastes) as an alternative fuel for circulating fluidized bed boilers


Alternative fuels
Alternative Fuels

  • Waste tires and wood are the most common alternative fuels

  • Most alternative fuels have less BTUs per cubic foot than coal and require additional storage space

  • Some alternatives fuels should be kept dry


Future of wastes as alternative fuels
Future of Wastes as Alternative Fuels

  • Growing demand and market for alternative fuels

    • Major cement manufacturers have established goals to obtain 15-20% of energy from alternative fuels

    • Some plants in Germany are at 70%

    • Potential new demand for alternative fuels is estimated at greater than 2 million tons

  • Lack of high volume/quality supply

    • Salvaging

    • General Permit


Pennsylvania municipal waste composition
Pennsylvania Municipal Waste Composition





Potential markets
Potential Markets

  • Cement/Lime Kilns = 12

  • Waste Coal Fired Power Plants = 15

  • Existing WTE Facilities = 6

  • Facilities that burn wood > 14



Regulatory status of alternative fuels
Regulatory Status of Alternative Fuels

  • Act 101 Source Separated Recyclable Materials can not be burned

  • Residual Waste used or reused as ingredients in an industrial process to make a product or employed in a particular function or application as an effective substitute for a commercial product is not a waste

  • Coproduct Determination

  • Processed or beneficially used under a General Permit


Salvaging alternative fuels
Salvaging Alternative Fuels

  • Collection

    • Know your customers

    • Keep non combustible materials out of waste

    • Provide value added service

  • Salvaging

    • The operator shall salvage and recycle waste materials received at the facility for which recycling is cost effective


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