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Sport & Gender. Wk 17. Factors that Contribute to Discrimination. Gender Class Race Age Disability TIP: Whenever an exam Q asks about discrimination try to refer to each of these areas to get top marks!!!. Definitions. Gender: cultural & social expected/ excepted behaviour

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Sport gender

Sport & Gender

Wk 17

Contemp studies yr 12


Factors that contribute to discrimination

Factors that Contribute to Discrimination

  • Gender

  • Class

  • Race

  • Age

  • Disability

  • TIP:Whenever an exam Q asks about discrimination try to refer to each of these areas to get top marks!!!

Contemp studies yr 12


Definitions

Definitions

  • Gender: cultural & social expected/ excepted behaviour

  • e.g. masculinity and femininity (these ideals change throughout history)

  • Sex: biological distinguish whether we are male or female, we are born with these characteristics

  • Sexism: set of beliefs that labels people inferior based on biological differences between sexes

Contemp studies yr 12


Gender discrimination bias

Gender Discrimination & Bias

  • Gender bias in sport ( and in wider society) has been part of our society for centuries

  • Scare tactics were used to stop women's participation in sport

  • In the past women were seen as beautiful creatures who did not exert themselves or perspire, it was not seen as “ladylike”

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

  • Insert pics from history sheets

  • Rd bk 507b fig 21.10

  • Red bk 508 fig 21.12

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

Womens’ clothes often restricted what activities they could take part in!

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

Changing Times

Contemp studies yr 12


Facts

Facts

  • Every year 33% of men take part in sport compared to only 10% of women

  • Traditionally women are associated with aesthetic / non violent activities e.g. dance

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

Task

  • Stigma is attached to women who stray from these norms and play in traditionally male sports. They are often labelled butch or their sexuality is questioned:

  • From you own personal experience, with reference to a particular sport state how this is often the case. [6]

Contemp studies yr 12


Stereotyping

Stereotyping

Contemp studies yr 12


Stigma and stereotyping

Stigma and Stereotyping

  • Traditionally women are associated with aesthetic / non violent activities e.g. dance

  • There is a stigma attached to women who stray from these norms and play in traditionally male sports.

  • They are often labelled butch / lesbians!

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

Contemp studies yr 12


Restrictions on women

Restrictions on Women

  • Today women have more freedom but there are still many factors which hold them back.

  • Generally have less free time and often have jobs as well as bringing up children.

  • Don’t have the opportunity to take part in sport due to lack of finances.

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

  • Historically women are seen as the weaker sex, this has impaired their chances to succeed and be recognised in sport.

  • Inferior quality of media coverage.

  • Sponsorship it tends to be for the wrong reasons e.g. sex appeal

  • Drugs

  • Famous celebrity family / spouse

  • Class discussion:

  • With reference from your own experience, discuss the effect that limited media coverage has on womens’ sport

Contemp studies yr 12


Women professional sport

Women & Professional Sport

  • On a professional stage women are not given the same amount of prestige, coverage or sponsorship that men get.

  • Women who get the greatest amount of T.V. coverage tend to do so because of their looks rather than their sporting ability.

Contemp studies yr 12


Anna kournikova sex symbol 1 st tennis player 2 nd

Even though Kournikova was never within the world top 10, but she is the highest paid female player with lucrative deals from various big companies.

Anna Kournikova- sex symbol 1sttennis player 2nd

Contemp studies yr 12


Modern day sport

Modern day sport

Contemp studies yr 12


Changing times

Changing Times

  • Increase access / facilities and coaching

  • Raise profile through media attention and sponsorship

  • Nurture talent from a young age

  • Increase provision, opportunity and esteem

  • Now look read the handout and discuss reasons for some of these myths and stereotypes (pg 115)

Contemp studies yr 12


Why are more woman taking part in sport

Why are more woman taking part in sport?

  • Emancipation

  • Culture of health and slimness

  • More free time

  • More money

  • More facilities available

  • More fashionable

  • More activities to choose from

Contemp studies yr 12


Sport gender

Increase participation levels

Create positive attitude

Improve skills

Sports Council for Women

Increase opportunity

Encourage equal opps

Contemp studies yr 12


Gender race

Gender & race

Contemp studies yr 12


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