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BLR’s Safety Training Presentations. Eye Protection 29 CFR 1910.133. 11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. A Split Second. A steel chip flies from a metal lathe A cracked chemical pump spurts caustic soda The lawn mower spits out a pebble A gust of wind carries dust and dirt.

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BLR’s Safety Training Presentations

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Blr s safety training presentations

BLR’s Safety Training Presentations

Eye Protection 29 CFR 1910.133

11017131/0406 ã 2004Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


A split second

A Split Second

  • A steel chip flies from a metal lathe

  • A cracked chemical pump spurts caustic soda

  • The lawn mower spits out a pebble

  • A gust of wind carries dust and dirt

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Goals

Goals

  • Potential eye hazards

  • Eye injury prevention

  • Quiz

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eye injury statistics

Eye Injury Statistics

  • Each day, more than 1,000 workers suffer serious eye injuries

  • Each year, 77,000 eye injuries result in lost time

  • More than $450 million is spent in workers’ compensation costs annually because of eye injuries

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eye hazard assessment

Eye Hazard Assessment

Flying chips

Harmful dust particles

Chemical splashing or spraying

High-intensity heat or light

Welding, brazing, torch cutting


Flying particles

Flying Particles

  • 70% of serious eye injuries are caused by flying or falling objects

  • 60% of those objects are smaller than the head of a pin

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Impact hazard

Impact Hazard

Flying objects, fragments, large chips, particles, sand, dirt

Chipping, grinding, masonry work, woodworking, sawing, drilling, chiseling, riveting, sanding

Appropriate PPE

Glasses with side protection

Goggles

Face shield for severe exposure


Dust hazards

Dust Hazards

  • Falling objects, wood dust, foam dust, soot

  • Woodworking, buffing, cleaning

    Appropriate PPE

  • Goggles

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Chemical hazards

Chemical Hazards

Acids, caustics, solvents

Splash

Mist

Appropriate PPE

Face shield for severe exposure

Goggles


Heat hazards

Heat Hazards

  • Furnace operations, pouring or casting molten metals

  • High-temperature exposure

  • Screen or reflective face shield

  • Molten metals

  • Face shield worn over goggles

  • Hot sparks

  • Glasses, goggles, face shield for severe exposure

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Welding eye hazards

Welding Eye Hazards

Welder’s flash

Skin or eyes burned from heat or light

Flying sparks

Metal fragments or slag


Welding eye protection

Welding Eye Protection

  • Electric arc welding

  • Welding helmet or face shield

  • Gas arc welding

  • Protective goggles or safety glasses underneath

  • Welding goggles or welding face shield

  • Protective filter lens requirements

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eye injuries at home

Eye Injuries at Home

  • 41% of all eye injuries occur in or around the home

  • Woodworking

  • Lawn care

  • Using chemicals

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Goals1

Goals

  • Potential eye hazards

  • Eye injury prevention

  • Quiz

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eye injury prevention

Eye Injury Prevention

  • 90% of occupational eye injuries could have been avoided with proper protective eyewear

  • Many injured workers believed protective eyewear was not necessary in their particular situation

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eyewear standards

Eyewear Standards

Comply with ANSI Z87.1

Eye protection equipment will be marked with Z87

Sunglasses or prescription glasses usually do not meet the standard


Choosing eye protection

Choosing Eye Protection

Quality

Fit and comfort

Lens options


Eyewear maintenance

Eyewear Maintenance

  • Cleaning stations

  • Holders or cases

  • Issue new when necessary

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eyewear inspection

Eyewear Inspection

  • Cracked lens

  • Scratched lens

  • Loose frames

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Prescription eyewear

Prescription Eyewear

  • Contact lenses are not recommended for many work environments

  • Prescription safety glasses are available

  • Overglasses or partial face shields serve as additional barriers

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Eyewash stations

Eyewash Stations

  • Chemical splashes require immediate first aid

  • 10 feet or 10 seconds

  • Training in the use of the eyewash station

  • Flush eyes for 15 minutes

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Goals2

Goals

  • Potential eye hazards

  • Eye injury prevention

  • Quiz

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Summary

Summary

Assess eye hazards

Select appropriate protective eyewear

Wear your eye protection

Don’t become an eye injury statistic


Blr s safety training presentations

Quiz

1.What hazard causes about 70 percent of the serious eye injuries?_____________________________________.

2.Eyewear that meets safety standards is marked with________________________________________.

3.Eyes splashed with a chemical must be immediately flushed with water for about 15 minutes. True or False

4.Your employer must conduct an eye hazard assessment.True or False

5.What kind of eyewear is required for minimum protection against flying objects? ___________________________________________________________.


Quiz cont

Quiz (cont.)

6.Dark sunglasses will provide adequate protection for welding projects that do not create a very intense light.True or False

7.Describe the type of eyewear necessary for working with large amounts of acids or caustics: __________________________________________.

8.Describe two scenarios at your home where eye protection should be worn: __________________________________________.

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Quiz cont1

Quiz (cont.)

9.OSHA says that only a few eye injuries could have been prevented with proper safety eyewear.True or False

10.Besides quality and style, name an important component in the selection of safety eyewear. ________________________________________________________________________________________.

11017131/0406 ã 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc.


Quiz answers

Quiz Answers

1.Flying or falling objects cause about 70 percent of the serious eye injuries.

2.“Z87” indicates that the eyewear meets safety standards.

3.True. If splashed with a chemical, flush your eyes for at least 15 minutes.

4.True. According to OSHA, employers must conduct a hazard assessment, select appropriate eye protection, and provide training.

5.Safety glasses with side protection are required to protect against flying objects.


Quiz answers cont

Quiz Answers (cont.)

6.False. Welding projects require a lens that filters light. Shaded or tinted glasses are not adequate protection.

7.Goggles and a face shield must be worn to protect against corrosives.

8.Answers will vary

9.False. OSHA says that 90 percent of workplace eye injuries could have been prevented if the proper eye protection was worn.

10.Fit and comfort are probably the most important components in eyewear selection.


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