Palestine-Israel Conflict Historical & Geopolitical Perspective. Prepared for PHILIPPINE SOLIDARITY CONFERENCE 25 November 2010 by Rey Claro Casambre PHILIPPINE PEACE CENTER and the INTERNATONAL LEAGUE OF PEOPLES’ STRUGGLE Study Commission on Peace. Introduction.
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Palestine-Israel Conflict Historical & Geopolitical Perspective
Prepared for PHILIPPINE SOLIDARITY CONFERENCE
25 November 2010
by Rey Claro Casambre
PHILIPPINE PEACE CENTER
INTERNATONAL LEAGUE OF PEOPLES’ STRUGGLE
Study Commission on Peace
The history of the Palestine-Israel conflict may be discussed in four periods
From ancient times to the end of World War I
The British Mandate of Palestine – 1917-1948
The establishment of the state of Israel and the Israel-Arab Wars (1948-1982)
Peace talks, the 1st and 2nd Intefada, to the present
The Arab-Israeli Wars
1949 – First Arab-Israeli War
1956 – Suez Campaign (Oct 29-Nov 5)
1967 - Six-Day War (June 5-10)
1973 - October War (Yom Kippur)
1982 - Israeli invasion of Lebanon
October 1973 War
Peace Talks and the Intefada
· 1978 Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt; Israel turns over Sinai to Egypt in exchange for recognition of right to exist
· 1987 - the outbreak of the first Palestinian intefada in December 1987 triggered by death of Palestinian youths run over by Israeli lorry (military personnel carrier)
· 1988 - Yasser Arafat's condemnation of terrorism and recognition of the state of Israel in December 1988.
· 1991 October - The Madrid peace conference
o failed to resolve the issues of :§ return of Palestinian refugees§ the status of Jerusalem§ Israeli settlements § final Palestine-Israel borders
However, Israelwielded full authority and control by frequently sealing off the Palestinian-governed areas from the rest of the Occupied Territories and from Israel.
Some highlights in recent history of Palestine
1974 - The Arab Summit in Rabat recognized the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.
1987 - Relations between Israel and the Palestinians entered a new phase with the intifada, a series of uprisings in the occupie
d territories that included demonstrations, strikes, and rock-throwing attacks on Israeli soldiers.
1988 - The Palestinian National Conference meeting in Algiers declared the State of Palestine as outlined in the UN Partition Plan 181.
1993 – Israeli PM Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat signed an historic peace agreement wherein Israel agreed to allow for Palestinian self-rule (Palestinian National Authority), first in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank town of Jericho, and later in other areas of the West Bank. But failed to resolve the issues of return of Palestinians to Palestine, Jewish settlements, Jerusalem and final Israel-Palestine borders.
1994 Jan - PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat elected President of the PNA.
The U.S. pushes through the passage of U.N. Resolution 1397 by the Security Council, demanding an "immediate cessation of all acts of violence" and "affirming a vision of a region where two states, Israel and Palestine, live side by side within secure and recognized borders".
25 November 2010
Operation Defensive Shield, Israel's largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War. Its goals was launched purportedly
IDF used heavy armored bulldozers to flatten apartment buildings in Jenin, burying trapped occupants alive. Foreign media was prevented from entering the camps for two weeks after the operation.
The Wall has devastated every aspect of Palestinian life, and has incited strong protest not only by the Palestinians but by the international community as well.
Arab leaders hold a two-day summit in Egypt, announce their support for the US-EU-Russia-UN Road Map and promised to work on cutting off funding to terrorist groups.
Five Israeli missiles incinerated Ismail Abu Shanab in Gaza City, killing one of the most powerful voices for peace in Hamas and destroying a seven-week ceasefire. Hamas declared an immediate end to the truce and vowed a bloody revenge for the death of Abu Shanab, who was married with 11 children. He had advocated the existence of a Palestinian state alongside Israel, not replacing it.