Beamforming in ibss mesh bss ap as beamformee
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Date: May 2011. Beamforming in IBSS, Mesh BSS, AP as Beamformee. Authors:. Date: 2011-05-11. NDPA. The RA of an NDPA may be either a unicast or the broadcast MAC address.

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Beamforming in IBSS, Mesh BSS, AP as Beamformee

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Beamforming in ibss mesh bss ap as beamformee

Date: May 2011

Beamforming in IBSS, Mesh BSS, AP as Beamformee

Authors:

Date: 2011-05-11

Liwen Chu Etc.


Beamforming in ibss mesh bss ap as beamformee

NDPA

The RA of an NDPA may be either a unicast or the broadcast MAC address.

The AID in each STA Info field contains the AID of the STA expected to process the following NDP frame and prepare the sounding feedback.

Frame Control

Duration

RA

TA

Sounding Sequence

STA Info 1

……

STA Info n

FCS

AID

Feedback Type

NC. Index

NDPA frame format


Issues with ap ibss sta mesh sta as beamformee

Issues with AP, IBSS STA, Mesh STA as Beamformee

When the receiver(s) of an NDPA includes an AP, what should be put in the AID field of the STA Info field for the AP? Do we allow broadcast NDPA with an AP as beamformee?

When the receiver of an NDPA is a STA in a IBSS, there is no AID associated with it. Do we allow broadcast NDPA in a IBSS?

When the receiver of an NDPA is a STA in a mesh BSS, there are multiple AIDs associated with it. Such AIDs can not be used in broadcast NDPA easily. Do we allow broadcast NDPA in a mesh BSS?

Mesh STA2

Mesh STA1

STA1

AP

NDPA

NDPA

Frame Control

Duration

RA

TA

Sounding Sequence

STA Info 1

FCS

AID

Feedback Type

NC. Index

What AID should be put here?


Ap as beamformee solutions

AP as Beamformee Solutions

Solution 1: Allow unicast NDPA with an AP as beamformee.

The AID field of an AP in STA Info field can be defined as one of the AID values that is never allocated to non-AP STAs.

Such values include 0, i.e.12 zero bits , or any value from 2008 to 4095.

Solution 2: Allow broadcast NDPA with an AP as beamformee.

The AID field of an AP in STA Info field can be defined as one of the AID values that is never allocated to non-AP STAs.

Such values include 0, i.e.12 zero bits , or any value from 2008 to 4095.

If a non-AP STA is allowed to do DL MU-MIMO transmission, solution 2 clarifies that an AP can be the destination of DL MU-MIMO transmission.

If a non-AP isn’t allowed to do DL MU-MIMO transmission, a NDPA+NDP of a non-AP STA can get compressed beamforming reports from multiple STAs. This is a minor improvement.

Propose to select Solution 1, because in the current 11ac draft, a non-AP STA cannot do DL MU-MIMO transmission.


Ibss beamforming solution

IBSS Beamforming Solution

Solution 1: allow unicast NDPA with IBSS STA as beamformee.

In a IBSS, the AID field in STA Info field can be defined as 12 LSBs of the STA’s MAC address, one of the AID values that is never allocated to non-AP STAs in a BSS.

The RA of NDPA will be used to identify the beamformee.

Solution 2: allow broadcast NDPA with IBSS STA as beamformee

In a IBSS, the AID field in STA Info field will include the 12 LSBs of the STA’s MAC address.

A IBSS STA may have neighbor STAs with same 12 LSBs of their MAC addresses. In such a case, the NDPA with multiple STA info shall not include the STAs with same 12 LSBs of their MAC addresses.

However, GID distributed management is difficult to define.

Propose to select solution 1.


Mesh bss beamforming solutions

Mesh BSS Beamforming Solutions

Solution 1: allow unicast NDPA with mesh STA as beamformee.

The AID field in STA Info field can be defined as 12 LSBs of the STA’s MAC address, mesh AID, one of the AID values that is never allocated to non-AP STAs in a BSS.

The RA of NDPA will be used to identify the beamformee.

Solution 2: allow broadcast NDPA with mesh STA as beamformee.

The AID field in STA Info field can be defined as 12 LSBs of Mesh AID.

If broadcast NDPA is received, AID and TA have to be used to identify the beamformee.

The AID field in STA Info field can be defined as 12 LSBs of the STA’s MAC address.

A mesh STA may have neighbor STAs with same 12 LSBs of their MAC addresses. in such case, NDPA with multiple STA info shall not include the STAs with same 12 LSBs of their MAC addresses.

GID distributed management should be defined.

Each STA broadcasts its GID allocation and its 1-hop neighbor’s GID allocations through beacon and action frames.

A STA shall not use the GIDs that are already allocated by its 1-hop neighbors and 2-hop neighbors.

Propose to select solution 1.

A STA needs to decode more information if there is no GID negotiation.

When, a mesh AID is used for AID info field, a STA needs to use AID and TA to decide if the broadcast NDPA is for it.

Mesh STA3

Mesh STA3

Mesh STA1

Mesh STA2

Mesh STA1

Mesh STA2

MU-MIMO PPDU(GID 6)

Broadcast NDPA (AID10, AID 6)

GID 6: STA4, STA5

GID 6: STA3, STA7

STA3 AID=10

STA 4 AID=9

STA3 AID=7

STA 4 AID=10

Mesh STA4

Mesh STA4


Normative text

Normative Text

Allow unicast NDPA with AP as beamformee, allow unicast NDPA with IBSS STA as beamformee, allow unicast NDPA with mesh STA as beamformee.

One common AID value will be used for these three cases to simplify the protocol. Such value is one of the AID values that is never allocated to non-AP STAs in a BSS. The specific value is 0.

Change the paragraph at P79L3 (D0.4) as follows:

If(Ed) the NDPA frame includes more than one STA Info field, the RA of the NDPA frame shall be set to the broadcast address.(#958) If the NDPA frame includes a single STA Info field, the RA of the NDPA frame shall be set to the MAC address of the beamformeeidentified by the AID in the STA Info field.(#957)

Insert the following at P79L7 (immediately after the preceding paragraph):

A beamformer that sends an NDPA frame to a beamformee that is an AP, mesh STA or STA that is a member of an IBSS, shall include a single STA Info field in the NDPA frame and shall set the AID field in the STA Info field to 0.


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