Information systems for decision making for sustainable development
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Information Systems for Decision-Making for Sustainable Development. CDERA and the INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING SUPPORT SYSTEM (IDSS) UWI, ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO October 28, 2003. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION. CDERA – THE ORGANISATION CDM STRATEGY – WHAT IT IS

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Information Systems for Decision-Making for Sustainable Development

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Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

Information Systems for Decision-Making for Sustainable Development

CDERA

and the

INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING SUPPORT SYSTEM (IDSS)

UWI, ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

October 28, 2003


Outline of presentation

OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION

  • CDERA – THE ORGANISATION

  • CDM STRATEGY – WHAT IT IS

  • CDERA’S INFORMATION POLICY

  • THE IDSS – DEFINITION

  • GOALS OF THE SYSTEM

  • ELEMENTS OF THE IDSS

  • CHALLENGES, CONSTRAINTS AND IMPLEMENTATION CONSIDERATIONS

  • IDSS – DISASTER MANAGEMENT DIRECTION


Cdera the organisation

CDERA THE ORGANISATION

  • Regional Disaster Management Organisation

  • Established by CARICOM Heads of Governments in 1991

  • Three Organs – Council of Ministers, Board of Directors, Coordinating Unit

  • Membership – 16 English Speaking CARICOM States


Cdera mandate

CDERA MANDATE

  • Main function is to make “immediate and coordinated response” to disasters in Participating States (PS)

  • To mobilize and coordinate disaster relief from governmental and non-governmental organizations for affected PS

  • To promote the establishment, enhancement and maintenance of disaster response capabilities among PS.


Member states

MEMBER STATES


Sub regional operations

SUB-REGIONAL OPERATIONS

  • Four (4) Sub-Regional Focal Points

    • Jamaica– Belize. Bahamas, TCI

    • Antigua & Barbuda – BVI, Anguilla St. Kitts/Nevis, Montserrat

    • Barbados – Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines

    • Trinidad & Tobago – Grenada, Guyana


National disaster organizations

National disaster organizations

  • Focal Point at National Level

  • Has responsibility for overall management of National Disaster Programme

  • Headed by National Disaster Coordinator (NDC)

  • Work Programme & Budget


Main activities

MAIN ACTIVITIES

  • Manage Transition to CDM

  • Information Sharing and Management

  • Managing Regional Response Mechanism

  • Mitigation of Disaster Impacts

  • Programme/Project design and implementation


Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

THE CARIBBEAN STRATEGY

ON

COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT (CDM)


Comprehensive disaster management

COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT

What is CDM?

  • Integrated Management of all Hazards

  • Management of all Phases of the Disaster Cycle

  • Engagement of all Sectors

  • Integrating Vulnerability Assessments and Risk Reduction into Planning and Development


Cdm strategic framework

CDM STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK


A consultative process

A consultative process

  • CDERA’s policy is to collaborate with organisations with shared interests

  • This helps to ensure more rational use of the limited resources as duplication is minimized.

  • Also ensures that technical assistance provided is of the highest quality as each agency can take the lead in the area where it has specific technical expertise


The cdm matrix

THE CDM MATRIX

Initiative


Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

CDERA’S INFORMATION POLICY


Cdera s information policy

CDERA’S INFORMATION POLICY

To:

  • enhance CDERA’s visibility as a leader in the promotion of disaster management.

  • Promote acceptance and ownership of Comprehensive Disaster Management.

  • enhance the Coordinating Unit’s capacity to access, collate, analyze and disseminate information on all aspects of disaster management.

  • support the institutionalization of disaster management teaching and research in regional universities


The integrated decision making support system

The INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING SUPPORT SYSTEM

A CDERA / SOUTHCOM/HAP INITIATIVE


What is the idss

WHAT IS THE IDSS

A Management Tool which incorporates geographic information systems (GIS), visualization, and analytical models, responds to requirements for hazard analysis, risk and vulnerability assessments, mitigation and preparedness planning, and education, training and exercise support.


The idss cont d

The IDSS cont’d

  • A concept rather than an Information System

  • Distributed Network

  • Decision-Making Support System

  • Collaborative environment / Integration

  • Data intensive/dependent

  • Hardware/software platform

  • Real-time applications


Goals of the system

GOALS OF THE SYSTEM

  • 1)provide the fundamental mechanisms needed to allow sharing of information between decision-makers at various levels,

  • 2) provide the capability to view the issue at various scales from regional to national to local and,

  • 3) enable collaboration between participants so that there is a common understanding of the situation at hand.


Idss concept

IDSS Concept

The true goal in integrated decision-making support is to provide the decision-maker with the ability to look into the future. That is, predict in advance the risk and vulnerability of populations and infrastructure to hazards, both natural and man-induced. This requires that data be transformed into knowledge..


Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

IDSS Objective

  • Equip disaster and humanitarian assistance managers, at all levels of decision-making, and across the four emergency management functions of mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery, with a suite of tools, processes, standards and applications toenable:

    • Access, integration, sharing, and dissemination of timely and relevant information and knowledge

    • Creation of a common operating environment for improved planning, collaboration, decision-making and execution


Elements of the system

ELEMENTS OF THE SYSTEM

  • ICS

  • GEOCAS

  • OPEN SOURCES


Incident command system ics

Incident Command System (ICS)

  • The ICS is a core IDSS component for real-time event management and decision support at the tactical and operational levels allowing users to enter and access information, track resource requests, and report infrastructure status.


Geospatial collaboration and assessment system geocas

Geospatial Collaboration and Assessment System (GeoCAS)

  • GeoCAS is the primary tool for situational awareness and development of a common operating picture among decision-makers at the operational and strategic levels.


Other open sources

OTHER OPEN SOURCES

  • Other ‘open sources’ give users access to a wide range of information repositories such as the media, internal organizational communications (e.g. e-mail, telecon, radio, teletype, fax), the broad universe of internet-based information providers, consultants, academia


Current constraints

Current Constraints

  • Data/Information are available, but…

    • Hard to find and from multiple sources

    • Multiple formats

    • Difficult to integrate

  • Tools are available, but…

    • Hard to find and from multiple sources

    • Multiple formats

    • Difficult to ingest data

  • Collaboration is difficult, particularly in time of crisis


Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

The Challenge(s)

  • Disparate “systems” and “information sources” need to be integrated - into one simple system

    • Data/Information are available, but

      • Hard to find and from multiple sources/locations

      • Multiple formats

      • Challenging and time consuming to integrate

    • Tools are available, but…

      • Hard to find and from multiple sources/platforms

      • Can be difficult to ingest data

      • Challenging to use and interpret….


Challenges cont d

CHALLENGES cont’d

  • Collaboration and coordination can be challenging particularly in a time of crisis - information needs to be shared among agencies (local/regional, planning, etc)

    • Who’s doing what?…Who needs what?…

    • What is happening?…What happens if?

  • IT infrastructure is inconsistent - solution needs to accommodate all levels of capability.

  • Policies and procedures at different levels of government and internationally are (necessarily) different - Some may not be in place to enable information sharing and full utilization of an IDSS.


Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

Implementation Considerations

  • Infrastructure

    • Hardware systems

    • Software systems

    • Communications (connectivity and bandwidth)

  • Resources

    • Data (location/maintenance of - Static, dynamic, local, regional, etc)

    • People (Technical, Analysts)

    • Funding

  • Policies/Procedures/Culture

    • Institutional Development

    • Personnel Development

    • Sharing Information/Knowledge and Expertise


Information systems for decision making for sustainable development

Issues for Consideration

  • Compatibility Issues

    • Data Format, Measurement Units, …

    • Different Vendor Products, Versioning, …

    • Ethernet, Token Ring, …

  • Organizational

    • Sensitive Data Definition Varies

    • Security Issues / Accessing Shared Data

    • Capacity Differs From Country to Country

    • Bandwidth Cost is High

    • Systems, Data, Models Expertise Limited


Architectural considerations

Architectural Considerations

  • System Considerations

    • Data Compatibility

    • Tool Compatibility

    • Flow Mechanism & Medium

  • Organizational Considerations

    • Methods & Procedures, Policy Impacts

    • Sharing Rules

    • User Training

    • Maintenance (Systems, Data, Models, …)

    • Connectivity Costs


Key component features

Key Component & Features

  • Tools

    • Geospatial Analytical Tool (GeoCAS)

    • Incident Mgmt Tool

    • Other Tools

  • Distributed Network

    • Integrated Local Databases

    • Integrated Tools

    • Open, Modular, Scalable

  • Flexible Deployment Option

    • Start Small,

    • Add as Needed

Internet

LAN


How will it work

LAN

How Will It Work?

  • Data is Local:

    • Imagery, Model Results, Warehouse Info, …

  • Servers Contain:

    • Key Software Components

    • Jurisdictional Data

    • Pointers to Local Data

  • Connectivity Via Internet

  • Collaboration Via:

    • Common Op Picture &

    • Posting of Products

Internet


Key benefits

Key Benefits

  • Empowering Local Users

    • Incremental Investments Made Locally

    • Data Quality Improves Locally

  • Increasing Awareness

    • Combining Local Data for the Big Picture

    • Aggregating the Results

  • Common Operating Picture

    • Collaboration & Tool Integration

    • Reducing Data Duplication


Integrated decision making

INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

The direction in which the emergency management community is going that will leverage technological advances and lead to sustainable development


Thank you

Thank You

  • For further Information Contact:

    CDERA Coordinating Unit

    Bldg #1, Manor Lodge Complex

    Lodge Hill, St. Michael, BARBADOS

    Tel #: (246) 425 0386

    Fax #: (246) 425 8854

    Email: [email protected]

    URL: http://www.cdera.org


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