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第六章 分配理论 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第六章 分配理论. 生产要素价格的决定在西方经济学的传统上是分配论的一个重要部分。 19 世纪的西方经济学家们习惯于把生产要素分为三类,即土地、劳动和资本。这三类生产要素的价格,则被分别称作地租、工资和利润。因此,那时的生产要素价格理论就是地主、工资收入者和资本家这三个主要社会经济阶级之间的收入分配理论。到 19 世纪末,第四种生产要素 —— 企业家才能被 “ 发现 ” ,于是,利润被看成是企业家才能的收益,而资本所有者的收益被局限为 “ 利息 ” 。. 第一节 基于边际生产力理论的分配理论. 一、边际生产力

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第六章 分配理论

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Marginal productivity

Marginal physical product

Marginal revenue product

Value of marginal product

Derived demand

Interest rate

Rent

Wage

Economic rent

Entrepreneurship

Gini coefficient

Lorence curve


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