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The New England Colonies. Chapter 3 Section 2. Standards. 8.1.5 Identify how religion contributed to early American society 8.1.7 Immigration and cultural diffusion influence the character of a place 8.2.4 Recognize the economic activities of early America

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the new england colonies

The New England Colonies

Chapter 3

Section 2

  • 8.1.5 Identify how religion contributed to early American society
  • 8.1.7 Immigration and cultural diffusion influence the character of a place
  • 8.2.4 Recognize the economic activities of early America
  • 8.3.1 Migration and immigration in early America
  • 8.5.7 Historical impacts of European settlement in North America
i can
  • I can identify how religion contributed to early American society.
  • I can explain how immigration and cultural diffusion influence the character of a place.
  • I can recognize the economic activities of early America.
  • I can recognize migration and immigration in early America.
  • I can recognize the historical impacts of European settlement in North America.
geography of new england
Geography of New England
  • Northeastern corner of the U.S.
  • Northern N.E = ME, NH, VT
  • Southern N.E. = MA, CT, RI
  • Hills, low mountains, forests
  • Soil is thin and rocky…farming difficult
  • CT River, region’s longest river, flows from NH and VT through MA and CT before reaching the sea
  • Richest fishing grounds in the world
  • Winters long and snowy
  • Summer short and warm
puritans in ma bay
Puritans in MA Bay
  • Group similar to Pilgrims
  • Had disagreements with Church of Eng.
  • Wanted to reform the church
  • King Charles I opposed the movement
    • Persecuted Puritans
the puritans leave england
The Puritans Leave England
  • 1630
  • ~900 Puritans leave Eng. In 11 ships
  • Formed the Massachusetts Bay Company
  • Led by John Winthrop
the massachusetts bay colony
The Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Main town, Boston
  • 1643, ~20,000 people
  • Elected assembly called the General Court
  • Voting limited to adult male members of the Puritan church
  • General Court and colony’s gov. elected yearly
  • Did not believe in religious toleration – recognition that other people have the right to different options
new colonies
New Colonies
  • Roger Williams
  • Minister of a church in the town of Salem
  • Believed Puritans should split entirely from the Church of Eng.
  • Criticized colonists who seized Native American lands
  • Believed you should pay for lands
  • Forced to leave MA Bay in 1635
  • Moved south (what is now RI)
  • Bought land from Native Americans
  • 1636, founded the town of Providence
1644, colonists of RI received charter to govern themselves
  • Decided that RI would have no established church
anne hutchinson
Anne Hutchinson
  • Boston woman
  • Questioned some of Puritan’s teachings
  • 1638, put on trial
  • Expelled from MA
  • Established a settlement on an island that is now part of RI
  • 1642, traveled to what is today NY.
settling connecticut
Settling Connecticut
  • Thomas Hooker
  • Minister
  • Disagreed with Puritan leaders
  • Left MA with 100 followers
  • Settled in CT
  • Founded the town of Hartford
fundamental orders of ct
Fundamental Orders of CT
  • 1639
  • Established a new gov. with an elected legislature and governor
  • 1662, CT received an official charter granting self government
john wheelright
John Wheelright
  • Forced to leave MA Bay
  • In trouble because he agreed with Hutchinson
  • 1638, moved to NH
  • Founded town of Exeter
  • 1680, received charter
growth and change
Growth and Change
  • Each Puritan town set up a town meeting
  • Restricted to male heads of households
  • Set local taxes, elected people to run towns
  • Opportunity for New Englanders to speak their minds
king phillip s war
King Phillip’s War
  • 1675
  • Metacom (chief of the Wampanoag)
  • English name King Philip
  • Goal: stop Puritan expansion
  • Fighting lasted 1 year, costs thousands of lives
  • Destroyed 12 Eng. Towns
  • Ended in 1676 when Metacom was captured and killed
  • War’s end left colonies free to expand
puritan influence declines
Puritan Influence Declines
  • 1670’s
  • New generation
  • Lost some of their parents’ religion fervor
  • Successful merchants becoming new community leaders
  • Eng. Colonies doing well
  • Stern religious rules now had less influence over the people who lived there.