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The New England Colonies. Chapter 3 Section 2. Standards. 8.1.5 Identify how religion contributed to early American society 8.1.7 Immigration and cultural diffusion influence the character of a place 8.2.4 Recognize the economic activities of early America

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The new england colonies

The New England Colonies

Chapter 3

Section 2


Standards
Standards

  • 8.1.5 Identify how religion contributed to early American society

  • 8.1.7 Immigration and cultural diffusion influence the character of a place

  • 8.2.4 Recognize the economic activities of early America

  • 8.3.1 Migration and immigration in early America

  • 8.5.7 Historical impacts of European settlement in North America


I can
I CAN…

  • I can identify how religion contributed to early American society.

  • I can explain how immigration and cultural diffusion influence the character of a place.

  • I can recognize the economic activities of early America.

  • I can recognize migration and immigration in early America.

  • I can recognize the historical impacts of European settlement in North America.


Geography of new england
Geography of New England

  • Northeastern corner of the U.S.

  • Northern N.E = ME, NH, VT

  • Southern N.E. = MA, CT, RI

  • Hills, low mountains, forests

  • Soil is thin and rocky…farming difficult

  • CT River, region’s longest river, flows from NH and VT through MA and CT before reaching the sea

  • Richest fishing grounds in the world

  • Winters long and snowy

  • Summer short and warm



Puritans in ma bay
Puritans in MA Bay

  • Group similar to Pilgrims

  • Had disagreements with Church of Eng.

  • Wanted to reform the church

  • King Charles I opposed the movement

    • Persecuted Puritans


The puritans leave england
The Puritans Leave England

  • 1630

  • ~900 Puritans leave Eng. In 11 ships

  • Formed the Massachusetts Bay Company

  • Led by John Winthrop


The massachusetts bay colony
The Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Main town, Boston

  • 1643, ~20,000 people

  • Elected assembly called the General Court

  • Voting limited to adult male members of the Puritan church

  • General Court and colony’s gov. elected yearly

  • Did not believe in religious toleration – recognition that other people have the right to different options


New colonies
New Colonies

  • Roger Williams

  • Minister of a church in the town of Salem

  • Believed Puritans should split entirely from the Church of Eng.

  • Criticized colonists who seized Native American lands

  • Believed you should pay for lands

  • Forced to leave MA Bay in 1635

  • Moved south (what is now RI)

  • Bought land from Native Americans

  • 1636, founded the town of Providence



Anne hutchinson
Anne Hutchinson

  • Boston woman

  • Questioned some of Puritan’s teachings

  • 1638, put on trial

  • Expelled from MA

  • Established a settlement on an island that is now part of RI

  • 1642, traveled to what is today NY.


Settling connecticut
Settling Connecticut

  • Thomas Hooker

  • Minister

  • Disagreed with Puritan leaders

  • Left MA with 100 followers

  • Settled in CT

  • Founded the town of Hartford


Fundamental orders of ct
Fundamental Orders of CT

  • 1639

  • Established a new gov. with an elected legislature and governor

  • 1662, CT received an official charter granting self government


John wheelright
John Wheelright

  • Forced to leave MA Bay

  • In trouble because he agreed with Hutchinson

  • 1638, moved to NH

  • Founded town of Exeter

  • 1680, received charter


Growth and change
Growth and Change

  • Each Puritan town set up a town meeting

  • Restricted to male heads of households

  • Set local taxes, elected people to run towns

  • Opportunity for New Englanders to speak their minds


King phillip s war
King Phillip’s War

  • 1675

  • Metacom (chief of the Wampanoag)

  • English name King Philip

  • Goal: stop Puritan expansion

  • Fighting lasted 1 year, costs thousands of lives

  • Destroyed 12 Eng. Towns

  • Ended in 1676 when Metacom was captured and killed

  • War’s end left colonies free to expand


Puritan influence declines
Puritan Influence Declines

  • 1670’s

  • New generation

  • Lost some of their parents’ religion fervor

  • Successful merchants becoming new community leaders

  • Eng. Colonies doing well

  • Stern religious rules now had less influence over the people who lived there.


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