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APUD SALVIUM. STAGE 14. Grammar Concepts: Adjectives Prepositional Phrases. Practice Sentences (p. 28-29). Multae amphorae sunt in plaustro . Many wine-jars are in the cart. Varica : Phile ! Porta hanc amphoram in villam . Philus ! Carry this wine-jar into the house.

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Grammar Concepts:


Prepositional Phrases

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Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)

  • Multae amphorae sunt in plaustro.

    Many wine-jars are in the cart.

    Varica: Phile! Portahancamphoram in villam.

    Philus! Carry this wine-jar into the house.

    Philus: amphora magna est. difficileestmihimagnamamphoramportare.

    The wine-jar is large. It is difficult for me to carry the large wine-jar.

    Varica: cur?


    Philus: quod ego sum senex.

    Because I am an old man.

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Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)

  • Varicageminos in area conspicit.

    Varica catches sight of the twins in the courtyard.

    Varica: Loquax! Anti-Loquax! Portatehancamphoram in villam!

    Loquax! Anti-Loquax! Carry this wine-jar into the house!

    Loquax: amphora gravis est . Difficileestnobisamphoramgravemportare.

    The wine-jar is heavy. It is difficult for us to carry the heavy wine-jar.

    Varica: cur?


    Loquax: quod nossumuspueri.

    Because we are boys.

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Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)

  • Bregans pro amphoris stat.

    Bregans is standing near the wine-jars.

    Varica: Bregans! Porta has amphoras in villam!

    Bregans! Carry these wine-jars into the house!

    Bregans: amphorae graves sunt. Difficileestmihiamphoras graves portare.

    The wine-jars are heavy. It is difficult for me

    to carry the heavy wine-jars.

    Varica: sednecesseest!

    But it is necessary!

    Bregans: Cur?


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Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)

Varica: necesseesttibiamphorasportare quod Philusestsenex, quod Loquax et fratersuntpueri, et…

It is necessary for you to carry the wine-jars because Philus is an old man, because Loquax and his brother are boys, and…

Bregans: quod tuesvilicus!

Because you are the manager.

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Stage 14 GrammarAdjectives (p. 34-35)

  • An adjective describes a noun.

  • The words in blue in the following sentences are adjectives:

  • Servusiratus non laborabat.

  • The angry slave was not working.

  • Dominus servo fessopraemiumdedit.

  • The master gave the tired slave a reward.

  • Agricola servumignavumpunivit.

  • The farmer punished the lazy slave.

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Adjectives Cont.

  • Adjectives change their endings to match the nouns they modify. Adjectives must match their nouns in three ways:

  • Noun case (nom., dat., acc., etc.)

    ex. Servusiratus non laborabat.

    Iratus is nominative because it is describing a nominative noun (servus).

    ex. Dominus servo fessopraemiumdedit.

    Fesso is dative because it is describing a dat. noun (serv0).

  • Number (sing./pl.)

    ex. Ancillaeperterritae ad culinamcontendunt.

    Perterritaeis plural because it is describing a plural noun (ancillae).

    3. Gender (masculine, feminine, neuter )[stage 15]

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Adjectives Cont. (p. 38)


  • Ex. Civisservumfortemlaudavit.

  • The adjective fortem agrees with its noun in number, case, and gender; however, the endings do not look the same.

  • This is because they belong to different declensions and have different ways of forming their cases.

  • From what declension is servus?

  • From what declension is fortis?

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Adjectives Cont.

  • A Predicate Adjective is an adjective in the predicate (verb) part of the sentence. Predicate adjectives describe the subject of the sentence and match the SN in number, case, and gender.

  • Ex. Britannisuntstultissimi. What is the declension, case, and number of the noun Britanni?

  • 2nddec., nom. pl.

  • Ex. Uxor,esinsana.

  • Notice that the pronoun “you” indicated by the verb refers to “uxor”. Therefore, the adjective which describes uxor must be in the nominative case.

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Stage 14 GrammarPrepositional Phrases (p. 40-41)

  • In Stage 14 you will meet nouns in the

    Ablative Case.

  • The Ablative Case is used with certain prepositions in Latin.

  • These include: a/ab, cum, de, e/ex, in, pro, sine, sub

  • The Accusative Case is also used with certain prepositions.

  • These include: ad, apud, in, per, prope

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Noun Declensions (record these endings on your noun sheet)

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Prepositional Phrases Cont. (p. 40-41)

  • Translate the following & identify the case of the bolded nouns:

  • Salviuse villācontendit.

  • Salvius hurried out of the house.

  • In tablinoestarmariumelegantissimum.

  • In the study there is a very elegant cupboard.

  • Quintus ad villamadvenit.

  • Quintus arrived at the house.

  • Ego propeurbemhabitarevolebam.

  • I was wanting (wanted) to live near the city.

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Looking Ahead to the Stage 14 Test

  • New concepts to be aware of are:

  • Noun & Adjective Agreement

  • Knowledge of Prepositions and Whether They are Used with Accusative or Ablative case Nouns

  • Use of quamquam = although

  • Review concepts to be aware of are:

  • Use of quam = how, than, as___as possible

  • Question Forms in Latin [num, -ne]