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APUD SALVIUM. STAGE 14. Grammar Concepts: Adjectives Prepositional Phrases. Practice Sentences (p. 28-29). Multae amphorae sunt in plaustro . Many wine-jars are in the cart. Varica : Phile ! Porta hanc amphoram in villam . Philus ! Carry this wine-jar into the house.

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apud salvium

APUD SALVIUM

STAGE 14

Grammar Concepts:

Adjectives

Prepositional Phrases

practice sentences p 28 29
Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)
  • Multae amphorae sunt in plaustro.

Many wine-jars are in the cart.

Varica: Phile! Portahancamphoram in villam.

Philus! Carry this wine-jar into the house.

Philus: amphora magna est. difficileestmihimagnamamphoramportare.

The wine-jar is large. It is difficult for me to carry the large wine-jar.

Varica: cur?

Why?

Philus: quod ego sum senex.

Because I am an old man.

practice sentences p 28 293
Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)
  • Varicageminos in area conspicit.

Varica catches sight of the twins in the courtyard.

Varica: Loquax! Anti-Loquax! Portatehancamphoram in villam!

Loquax! Anti-Loquax! Carry this wine-jar into the house!

Loquax: amphora gravis est . Difficileestnobisamphoramgravemportare.

The wine-jar is heavy. It is difficult for us to carry the heavy wine-jar.

Varica: cur?

Why?

Loquax: quod nossumuspueri.

Because we are boys.

practice sentences p 28 294
Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)
  • Bregans pro amphoris stat.

Bregans is standing near the wine-jars.

Varica: Bregans! Porta has amphoras in villam!

Bregans! Carry these wine-jars into the house!

Bregans: amphorae graves sunt. Difficileestmihiamphoras graves portare.

The wine-jars are heavy. It is difficult for me

to carry the heavy wine-jars.

Varica: sednecesseest!

But it is necessary!

Bregans: Cur?

Why?

practice sentences p 28 295
Practice Sentences (p. 28-29)

Varica: necesseesttibiamphorasportare quod Philusestsenex, quod Loquax et fratersuntpueri, et…

It is necessary for you to carry the wine-jars because Philus is an old man, because Loquax and his brother are boys, and…

Bregans: quod tuesvilicus!

Because you are the manager.

stage 14 grammar adjectives p 34 35
Stage 14 GrammarAdjectives (p. 34-35)
  • An adjective describes a noun.
  • The words in blue in the following sentences are adjectives:
  • Servusiratus non laborabat.
  • The angry slave was not working.
  • Dominus servo fessopraemiumdedit.
  • The master gave the tired slave a reward.
  • Agricola servumignavumpunivit.
  • The farmer punished the lazy slave.
adjectives cont
Adjectives Cont.
  • Adjectives change their endings to match the nouns they modify. Adjectives must match their nouns in three ways:
  • Noun case (nom., dat., acc., etc.)

ex. Servusiratus non laborabat.

Iratus is nominative because it is describing a nominative noun (servus).

ex. Dominus servo fessopraemiumdedit.

Fesso is dative because it is describing a dat. noun (serv0).

  • Number (sing./pl.)

ex. Ancillaeperterritae ad culinamcontendunt.

Perterritaeis plural because it is describing a plural noun (ancillae).

3. Gender (masculine, feminine, neuter )[stage 15]

adjectives cont p 38
Adjectives Cont. (p. 38)
  • IT IS NOT NECESSARY FOR AN ADJECTIVE’S ENDING TO LOOK LIKE THE ENDING OF THE NOUN IT MODIFIES. IT NEEDS ONLY MATCH IN NUMBER, CASE, AND GENDER!
  • Ex. Civisservumfortemlaudavit.
  • The adjective fortem agrees with its noun in number, case, and gender; however, the endings do not look the same.
  • This is because they belong to different declensions and have different ways of forming their cases.
  • From what declension is servus?
  • From what declension is fortis?
adjectives cont9
Adjectives Cont.
  • A Predicate Adjective is an adjective in the predicate (verb) part of the sentence. Predicate adjectives describe the subject of the sentence and match the SN in number, case, and gender.
  • Ex. Britannisuntstultissimi. What is the declension, case, and number of the noun Britanni?
  • 2nddec., nom. pl.
  • Ex. Uxor,esinsana.
  • Notice that the pronoun “you” indicated by the verb refers to “uxor”. Therefore, the adjective which describes uxor must be in the nominative case.
stage 14 grammar prepositional phrases p 40 41
Stage 14 GrammarPrepositional Phrases (p. 40-41)
  • In Stage 14 you will meet nouns in the

Ablative Case.

  • The Ablative Case is used with certain prepositions in Latin.
  • These include: a/ab, cum, de, e/ex, in, pro, sine, sub
  • The Accusative Case is also used with certain prepositions.
  • These include: ad, apud, in, per, prope
prepositional phrases cont p 40 41
Prepositional Phrases Cont. (p. 40-41)
  • Translate the following & identify the case of the bolded nouns:
  • Salviuse villācontendit.
  • Salvius hurried out of the house.
  • In tablinoestarmariumelegantissimum.
  • In the study there is a very elegant cupboard.
  • Quintus ad villamadvenit.
  • Quintus arrived at the house.
  • Ego propeurbemhabitarevolebam.
  • I was wanting (wanted) to live near the city.
looking ahead to the stage 14 test
Looking Ahead to the Stage 14 Test
  • New concepts to be aware of are:
  • Noun & Adjective Agreement
  • Knowledge of Prepositions and Whether They are Used with Accusative or Ablative case Nouns
  • Use of quamquam = although
  • Review concepts to be aware of are:
  • Use of quam = how, than, as___as possible
  • Question Forms in Latin [num, -ne]