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Adjective Agreement in Spanish. Por Señorita Bush. Start. In Spanish the adjective must match the noun in both gender and number. Choose from either gender or number to explore this further. Gender. Number. Back to title slide. In Spanish the adjective must match the noun in both

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adjective agreement in spanish

Adjective Agreement in Spanish

Por Señorita Bush

Start

slide2

In Spanish the adjective must

match the noun in both

gender and number.

Choose from either gender or number to explore this further.

Gender

Number

Back to title slide

slide3

In Spanish the adjective must

match the noun in both

gender and number.

Choose from either gender or number to explore this further.

Gender

Number

Back to title slide

Quiz

slide4

A person, place, or thing.

ex: Joe, forest, ball

In Spanish the adjective must

match the noun in both

gender and number.

Choose from either gender or number to explore this further.

Gender

Number

Back to title slide

slide5

A person, place, or thing.

ex: Joe, forest, ball

In Spanish the adjective must

match the noun in both

gender and number.

Choose from either gender or number to explore this further.

Gender

Number

Back to title slide

Quiz

slide6

Describes a noun

ex: round, blue, small

In Spanish the adjective must

match the noun in both

gender and number.

Choose from either gender or number to explore this further.

Gender

Number

Back to title slide

slide7

Describes a noun

ex: round, blue, small

In Spanish the adjective must

match the noun in both

gender and number.

Choose from either gender or number to explore this further.

Gender

Number

Back to title slide

Quiz

slide8

In Spanish all nouns have a gender, either feminine or masculine.

But how do you know if a noun is feminine or masculine?

Next

slide9

95% of the time a noun that ends in an “o” is masculine and a noun that ends in an “a” is feminine.

But what about the other 5 %?

Next

slide10

95% of the time a noun that ends in an “o” is masculine and a noun that ends in an “a” is feminine.

Back to Questions

slide11

95% of the time a noun that ends in an “o” is masculine and a noun that ends in an “a” is feminine.

Back to Questions

slide12

If a noun ends in a “d”, “ión”, “umbre”, or “z” it is most likely feminine.

If a noun ends in an “l” or “r” it is most likely masculine.

Back

Next

slide13

If a noun ends in a “d”, “ión”, “umbre”, or “z” it is most likely feminine.

If a noun ends in an “l” or “r” it is most likely masculine.

Back to Questions

slide15

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide16

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

Sorry, try again.

Hint: it ends with “o”

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide17

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

Way to go!!

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide18

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

Way to go!!

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide19

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Sorry, try again.

Hint: it ends with “d”

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide20

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Way to go!!

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide21

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

3. oreja

Sorry, try again.

Hint: it ends with “a”

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide22

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

3. oreja

Sorry, try again.

Hint: it ends with “l”

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

slide23

Now let’s try it!

Are the following nouns feminine or masculine?

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Way to go!!

3. oreja

4. papel

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Back

Next

slide24

Now that we know whether a noun is feminine or masculine, let’s see how to match an adjective to it.

Back

Next

slide25

An adjective that ends in an “o” matches a masculine noun.

Example: un gato pequeño

(the small cat)

An adjective that ends in an “a” matches a feminine noun.

Example: una manzana pequeña

(the small apple)

Back

Next

slide26

An adjective that ends in an “o” matches a masculine noun.

Example: un gato pequeño

(the small cat)

An adjective that ends in an “a” matches a feminine noun.

Example: una manzana pequeña

(the small apple)

Back to Questions

slide27

An adjective that ends in an “o” matches a masculine noun.

Example: un gato pequeño

(the small cat)

An adjective that ends in an “a” matches a feminine noun.

Example: una manzana pequeña

(the small apple)

Back to Questions

slide28

An adjective that ends in an “o” matches a masculine noun.

Example: un gato pequeño

(the small cat)

An adjective that ends in an “a” matches a feminine noun.

Example: una manzana pequeña

(the small apple)

Back to Questions

slide29

An adjective that ends in an “o” matches a masculine noun.

Example: un gato pequeño

(the small cat)

An adjective that ends in an “a” matches a feminine noun.

Example: una manzana pequeña

(the small apple)

Back to Questions

slide30

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

slide31

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

Way to go!!

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

slide32

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

2. honestidad

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the noun is masculine

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

slide33

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the noun is feminine

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

slide34

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

Way to go!!

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

slide35

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the noun is feminine

Back

slide36

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

Way to go!!

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

slide37

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

Way to go!!

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Back

Next

slide38

Choose the correct adjective to match the noun.

1. amigo

2. honestidad

bueno

buena

mucho

mucha

3. oreja

4. papel

pequeño

pequeña

sucio

sucia

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the noun is masculine

Back

slide39

An adjective that ends in an “e” or a consonant matches both feminine and masculine nouns.

Feminine example: una manzana verde

(a green apple)

Masculine example: un gato verde

(a green cat)

Back

Next

slide40

An adjective that ends in an “e” or a consonant matches both feminine and masculine nouns.

Feminine example: una manzana verde

(a green apple)

Masculine example: un gato verde

(a green cat)

Back to Questions

slide41

An adjective that ends in an “e” or a consonant matches both feminine and masculine nouns.

Feminine example: una manzana verde

(a green apple)

Masculine example: un gato verde

(a green cat)

Back to Questions

slide42

Let’s try some all together now!

Is the noun mariposa or ?

masculine

feminine

slide43

Let’s try some all together now!

Is the noun mariposa or ?

masculine

feminine

Which adjective matches it?

bonita

bonito

slide44

Let’s try some all together now!

Is the noun mariposa or ?

masculine

feminine

Which adjective matches it?

bonita

bonito

Nice Job!

Way to remember that adjectives ending in “a” match feminine nouns

Next

slide46

Is the noun escritorio or ?

masculine

feminine

Which adjective matches it?

larga

largo

slide47

Is the noun escritorio or ?

masculine

feminine

Which adjective matches it?

larga

largo

Nice Job!

Way to remember that adjectives ending in “o” match masculine nouns

Next

slide49

Is the noun televisión or ?

masculine

feminine

Which adjective matches it?

aburrido

grande

slide50

Is the noun televisión or ?

masculine

feminine

Which adjective matches it?

aburrido

grande

Nice Job!

Way to remember that adjectives ending in “e” work for both feminine and masculine nouns

Next

slide51

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide52

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide53

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide54

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide55

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide56

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide57

Which phrase is written correctly?

La chica alto

This one

La chica alta

This one

slide58

Which phrase is written correctly?

La chica alto

This one

La chica alta

This one

Way to go!!

Next

slide59

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide60

Which phrase is written correctly?

El gato negro

This one

El gato negra

This one

slide61

Which phrase is written correctly?

Way to go!!

El gato negro

This one

El gato negra

This one

Next

slide62

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide63

Which phrase is written correctly?

La maestra inteligente

This one

La maestra estupendo

This one

slide64

Which phrase is written correctly?

Way to go!!

La maestra inteligente

This one

La maestra estupendo

This one

Next

slide65

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide67

The “number” of a noun refers to if there is one or more of the item.

One of the items makes the noun singular, more than one makes the noun plural

Next

slide68

The “number” of a noun refers to if there is one or more of the item.

One of the items makes the noun singular, more than one makes the noun plural

Back to Questions

slide69

The “number” of a noun refers to if there is one or more of the item.

One of the items makes the noun singular, more than one makes the noun plural

Back to Questions

slide70

The “number” of a noun refers to if there is one or more of the item.

One of the items makes the noun singular, more than one makes the noun plural

Back to Questions

slide71

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Back

slide72

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

Way to go!!

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Back

slide73

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

1. mesa

2. arboles

Sorry, try again.

Hint: does it end in an “s”?

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Back

slide74

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

Way to go!!

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Back

slide75

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Sorry, try again.

Hint: does it end in an “s”?

Back

slide76

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Way to go!!

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Back

slide77

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Way to go!!

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Back

Next

slide78

Can you figure it out on your own?

Are the following nouns singular or plural?

1. mesa

2. arboles

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

3. ciudades

4. bolígrafo

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

Sorry, try again.

Hint: does it end in an “s”?

Back

slide79

Before learning how to match an adjective by number, we need to first learn how to make an adjective plural.

Back

Next

slide80

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back

Next

slide81

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back to Questions

slide82

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back to Questions

slide83

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back to Questions

slide84

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back to Questions

slide85

A, E, I, O, U

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back

Next

slide86

The letters that are not vowels.

Adjectives either end in a vowel

or a consonant.

To make an adjective that ends in a vowel plural just add “s”.

Example: rojo + s = rojos

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural add “es”.

Example: prometedor + es = prometedores

Back

Next

slide87

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Back

slide88

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the adjective ends in a vowel

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Back

slide89

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

Way to go!!

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Back

slide90

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the adjective ends in a consonant

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Back

slide91

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

Way to go!!

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Back

slide92

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Way to go!!

Back

slide93

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Sorry, try again.

Hint: the adjective ends in a vowel.

Back

slide94

What is the correct way to make each adjective plural?

1. gordo

2. azul

gordes

gordos

azuls

azules

3. inteligente

4. flaca

inteligentes

inteligentees

flaces

flacas

Way to go!!

Back

Next

slide95

Now that we understand the number of a noun and how to make an adjective plural, let’s see how to match an adjective to a noun in number.

Back

Next

slide96

A singular adjective matches a singular noun and a plural adjective matches a plural noun.

Singular example: manzana roja

(red apple)

Plural example: manzanas rojas

(red apples)

Back

Next

slide97

A singular adjective matches a singular noun and a plural adjective matches a plural noun.

Singular example: manzana roja

(red apple)

Plural example: manzanas rojas

(red apples)

Back to Questions

slide98

A singular adjective matches a singular noun and a plural adjective matches a plural noun.

Singular example: manzana roja

(red apple)

Plural example: manzanas rojas

(red apples)

Back to Questions

slide99

A singular adjective matches a singular noun and a plural adjective matches a plural noun.

Singular example: manzana roja

(red apple)

Plural example: manzanas rojas

(red apples)

Back to Questions

slide100

A singular adjective matches a singular noun and a plural adjective matches a plural noun.

Singular example: manzana roja

(red apple)

Plural example: manzanas rojas

(red apples)

Back to Questions

slide101

A singular adjective matches a singular noun and a plural adjective matches a plural noun.

Singular example: manzana roja

(red apple)

Plural example: manzanas rojas

(red apples)

Back to Questions

slide102

Let’s try some all together now!

Is the noun arbol or ?

singular

plural

slide103

Let’s try some all together now!

Is the noun arbol or ?

singular

plural

Which adjective matches it?

verdes

verde

slide104

Let’s try some all together now!

Is the noun arbol or ?

singular

plural

Nice Job!

Way to remember that singular adjectives match singular nouns

Which adjective matches it?

verdes

verde

Next

slide105

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide106

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide108

Is the noun estantes or ?

singular

plural

Which adjective matches it?

grande

grandes

slide109

Is the noun estantes or ?

singular

plural

Which adjective matches it?

grande

grandes

Nice Job!

Way to remember that plural adjectives match plural nouns

Next

slide110

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide111

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide113

Is the noun mesas or ?

singular

plural

Which adjective matches it?

altas

alta

slide114

Is the noun mesas or ?

singular

plural

Which adjective matches it?

altas

alta

Nice Job!

Way to remember that plural adjectives match plural nouns

Next

slide115

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide116

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide117

Which phrase is written correctly?

El cuaderno blanco

This one

El cuaderno blancos

This one

slide118

Which phrase is written correctly?

Way to go!!

El cuaderno blanco

This one

El cuaderno blancos

This one

Next

slide119

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide120

Which phrase is written correctly?

Las flores bonita

This one

Las flores bonitas

This one

slide121

Which phrase is written correctly?

Las flores bonita

This one

Las flores bonitas

This one

Way to go!!

Next

slide122

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide123

Which phrase is written correctly?

Los ojos azuls

This one

Los ojos azules

This one

slide124

Which phrase is written correctly?

Los ojos azuls

This one

Los ojos azules

This one

Way to go!!

Next

slide125

Sorry!

That answer is incorrect, let’s go back to the material to see why.

slide126

In this quiz you will have to combine the knowledge from both sections.

For example:

Singular and Feminine: La manzana roja

Plural and Feminine: Las manzanas rojas

Singular and Masculine: El tomate rojo

Plural and Masculine: Los tomates rojos

Next

slide127

In the quiz on the following page you will be given what the adjective is in the singular, masculine form & you must determine the correct form based on the noun.

Retake the quiz until all of the answers are correct and show the teacher your results page.

Back

Next

slide128

Ready?

REMEMBER: an adjective ending in an “e” and in a consonant does NOT need to change to match feminine or masculine. It only changes from singular to plural by adding “es”

Example: camisa azul,NOT camisa azula

camisas azules, NOT camisa azulas

Click hereto take the quiz.

Back

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