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Oceanographic Research and Data Management - SOPAC activities - Cristelle Pratt SOPAC. Outline. SOPAC regional context UNCLOS marine scientific research co-ordination data management challenges. SOPAC. SOPAC. mandate sustainable development, reduced poverty, enhanced resilience

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Presentation Transcript
outline
Outline
  • SOPAC
  • regional context
  • UNCLOS
  • marine scientific research
    • co-ordination
    • data management
    • challenges
sopac1
SOPAC
  • mandate
    • sustainable development, reduced poverty, enhanced resilience
    • natural resources, natural systems, vulnerability
    • applied environmental geosciences, appropriate technologies, knowledge management, technical and policy advice, human resource development, advocacy
  • key programme areas
    • ocean and islands
    • community risk
    • community lifelines
the challenge of capacity
The Challenge of Capacity

LIMITED Economic and Human Resources

  • WEAK institutions
    • legal and policy arrangements
  • FEW legal and ocean governance specialists
  • NO research vessels
  • FEW research institutions
  • FEW regional “marine” scientists
unclos status global and regional
UNCLOS Status – Global and Regional

“Universal Participation”

slide17

UNCLOS Implementation Status in the Pacific

UNCLOS 1982

  • Regional Workshops
    • Samoa,1998
    • Tonga, 1999

Marine Scientific Research

  • Regional Workshop
    • Papua New Guinea, 2001
unclos implementation regional ocean policy
UNCLOS ImplementationRegional Ocean Policy

Recommendation

  • Regional Workshop,Vava’u Tonga August 1999

Political Endorsement

  • Leaders of the Pacific Islands Forum

Development - Regional Ocean Policy

  • Regional Initiative

Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific

    • FFA, PIF, SOPAC, SPC, SPREP, USP
researching states
Researching States
  • Australia
  • China
  • Germany
  • Fiji
  • France
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • New Zealand
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Russia
msr cruises
MSR Cruises

1953 - 1963

slide22

MSR Cruises

1964 - 1973

slide23

MSR Cruises

1974 - 1983

slide24

MSR Cruises

1984 - 1993

capabilities
Capabilities
  • Coordination
  • Data Management
    • Windows NT, Linux
    • MapInfo, Vertical Mapper, ERDAS GMT MB-System, GRASS, Mike 21 IGODS, Hypack
    • DAT, CD-RW, Exabyte, DVD-RAM, ZIP, Reel
data and information
Data and Information
  • SOPAC
    • cruise
    • bathymetry and geology
    • temperature/salinity [coastal]
    • geophysics
  • Flinders University [Australia]
    • tide [PRSLR Project]
data and information status
Data and InformationStatus

SOPAC Cruise Database [1990 – current]

  • 196 Cruises - 9414 Days
    • 16 Pacific Island States EEZs
    • 9 Researching States

Databank Status [1990 – current]

  • 150 tapes collected for about 50 Cruises
    • 25% of all data
msr coordination actual process

Request

Authorise

Deliver Reports

Inform ?

Request?

Deliver ?

Deliver ?

Deliver

Deliver

MSR CoordinationActual Process

Research

Institute

Pacific

Island

Coastal

States

CruiseDatabase

Databank

Seismic Databank

inhibitors
Inhibitors
  • lack of a coordinator [mid-2000]
  • data and information by-passes
  • unclear authority [sovereignty]
  • highly technical data format supplied
  • lack of national capacity for post-cruise follow-up
  • researcher[s] “disappear” after cruise
regional msr workshop challenges and issues
Regional MSR WorkshopChallenges and Issues

Regional Workshop

  • Port Moresby Papua New Guinea February 2001

Participation

  • International Research Institutes
  • Pacific Island Coastal States
key issues and decisions
Key Issues and Decisions

Legal Framework for Conduct of MSR

  • SOPAC Role
    • Develop Regional MSR Guidelines

Capacity Building

  • Participation rather than just Representation

Technology Transfer - Including Data

  • Develop Regional Data Standard
  • Develop Regional Metadata Database
goal sustainable development
GoalSustainable Development

ENABLING FACTORS

CONCEPT

Sustainable

Development

REALITY

Sustainable

Management

  • Baseline Data and Information
  • Carrying Capacity
  • Sustainable Yield
  • Monitoring / Review
  • Policy and Legislation
  • Trained Personnel
  • Economies of Scale
    • Regional Cooperation
  • Transparency
    • Clear Guidelines
msr coordination ideal process

Request

Advise

Authorise

Inform

Request

Deliver

Deliver

Deliver

Deliver

MSR CoordinationIdeal Process

Pacific

Island

Coastal

States

Research

Institute

CruiseDatabase

Databank

Seismic Databank

requirements
Requirements
  • improve coordination and cooperation between Pacific Island States, SOPAC, Research Institutes and ODCs
  • ensure data and information is fully interactive and accessible
  • address gaps in SOPAC data holdings
  • encourage scientists to work in SOPAC on SOPAC region data.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Pacific Island States
    • Custodians of the Largest Ocean Space
    • Rich in Natural Marine Resources
    • Limited Capacity
      • Economic and Human Resources
  • Effective Ocean Governance
    • Improved Understanding
    • Regional Approach
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