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Oceanographic Research and Data Management - SOPAC activities - Cristelle Pratt SOPAC. Outline. SOPAC regional context UNCLOS marine scientific research co-ordination data management challenges. SOPAC. SOPAC. mandate sustainable development, reduced poverty, enhanced resilience

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Oceanographic research and data management sopac activities cristelle pratt sopac
Oceanographic Research and Data Management- SOPAC activities -Cristelle Pratt SOPAC


Outline
Outline

  • SOPAC

  • regional context

  • UNCLOS

  • marine scientific research

    • co-ordination

    • data management

    • challenges



Sopac1
SOPAC

  • mandate

    • sustainable development, reduced poverty, enhanced resilience

    • natural resources, natural systems, vulnerability

    • applied environmental geosciences, appropriate technologies, knowledge management, technical and policy advice, human resource development, advocacy

  • key programme areas

    • ocean and islands

    • community risk

    • community lifelines



Pacific region melanesia micronesia polynesia
Pacific RegionMelanesia-Micronesia-Polynesia







The challenge of capacity
The Challenge of Capacity

LIMITED Economic and Human Resources

  • WEAK institutions

    • legal and policy arrangements

  • FEW legal and ocean governance specialists

  • NO research vessels

  • FEW research institutions

  • FEW regional “marine” scientists



Unclos status global and regional
UNCLOS Status – Global and Regional

“Universal Participation”


Pacific regional organisations broad responsibilities for unclos
Pacific Regional OrganisationsBroad Responsibilities for UNCLOS


Pacific regional organisations broad responsibilities for unclos1
Pacific Regional OrganisationsBroad Responsibilities for UNCLOS


UNCLOS Implementation Status in the Pacific

UNCLOS 1982

  • Regional Workshops

    • Samoa,1998

    • Tonga, 1999

      Marine Scientific Research

  • Regional Workshop

    • Papua New Guinea, 2001


Unclos implementation regional ocean policy
UNCLOS ImplementationRegional Ocean Policy

Recommendation

  • Regional Workshop,Vava’u Tonga August 1999

    Political Endorsement

  • Leaders of the Pacific Islands Forum

    Development - Regional Ocean Policy

  • Regional Initiative

    Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific

    • FFA, PIF, SOPAC, SPC, SPREP, USP



Researching states
Researching States

  • Australia

  • China

  • Germany

  • Fiji

  • France

  • Japan

  • Korea

  • New Zealand

  • United Kingdom

  • United States

  • Russia


Msr cruises
MSR Cruises

1953 - 1963


MSR Cruises

1964 - 1973


MSR Cruises

1974 - 1983


MSR Cruises

1984 - 1993


Msr cruises 1953 1993
MSR Cruises1953 - 1993



Argo concurrence for deployment of argo floats
ArgoConcurrence for Deployment of ARGO Floats


Capabilities
Capabilities

  • Coordination

  • Data Management

    • Windows NT, Linux

    • MapInfo, Vertical Mapper, ERDAS GMT MB-System, GRASS, Mike 21 IGODS, Hypack

    • DAT, CD-RW, Exabyte, DVD-RAM, ZIP, Reel


Data and information
Data and Information

  • SOPAC

    • cruise

    • bathymetry and geology

    • temperature/salinity [coastal]

    • geophysics

  • Flinders University [Australia]

    • tide [PRSLR Project]


Data and information status
Data and InformationStatus

SOPAC Cruise Database [1990 – current]

  • 196 Cruises - 9414 Days

    • 16 Pacific Island States EEZs

    • 9 Researching States

      Databank Status [1990 – current]

  • 150 tapes collected for about 50 Cruises

    • 25% of all data


Msr coordination actual process

Request

Authorise

Deliver Reports

Inform ?

Request?

Deliver ?

Deliver ?

Deliver

Deliver

MSR CoordinationActual Process

Research

Institute

Pacific

Island

Coastal

States

CruiseDatabase

Databank

Seismic Databank



Inhibitors
Inhibitors

  • lack of a coordinator [mid-2000]

  • data and information by-passes

  • unclear authority [sovereignty]

  • highly technical data format supplied

  • lack of national capacity for post-cruise follow-up

  • researcher[s] “disappear” after cruise


Regional msr workshop challenges and issues
Regional MSR WorkshopChallenges and Issues

Regional Workshop

  • Port Moresby Papua New Guinea February 2001

    Participation

  • International Research Institutes

  • Pacific Island Coastal States


Key issues and decisions
Key Issues and Decisions

Legal Framework for Conduct of MSR

  • SOPAC Role

    • Develop Regional MSR Guidelines

      Capacity Building

  • Participation rather than just Representation

    Technology Transfer - Including Data

  • Develop Regional Data Standard

  • Develop Regional Metadata Database



Goal sustainable development
GoalSustainable Development

ENABLING FACTORS

CONCEPT

Sustainable

Development

REALITY

Sustainable

Management

  • Baseline Data and Information

  • Carrying Capacity

  • Sustainable Yield

  • Monitoring / Review

  • Policy and Legislation

  • Trained Personnel

  • Economies of Scale

    • Regional Cooperation

  • Transparency

    • Clear Guidelines


Msr coordination ideal process

Request

Advise

Authorise

Inform

Request

Deliver

Deliver

Deliver

Deliver

MSR CoordinationIdeal Process

Pacific

Island

Coastal

States

Research

Institute

CruiseDatabase

Databank

Seismic Databank


Data and information a way to do business
Data and InformationA Way to Do Business


Requirements
Requirements

  • improve coordination and cooperation between Pacific Island States, SOPAC, Research Institutes and ODCs

  • ensure data and information is fully interactive and accessible

  • address gaps in SOPAC data holdings

  • encourage scientists to work in SOPAC on SOPAC region data.


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • Pacific Island States

    • Custodians of the Largest Ocean Space

    • Rich in Natural Marine Resources

    • Limited Capacity

      • Economic and Human Resources

  • Effective Ocean Governance

    • Improved Understanding

    • Regional Approach


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