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Constructivism. By Steve Gibbs. As compared to other theories. Learning. Student. Teacher. Teacher. Student. OTHER Teachers have a sphere of knowledge that they want to insert into the minds of their students. CONSTRUCTIVISTS

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constructivism

Constructivism

By Steve Gibbs

as compared to other theories
As compared to other theories

Learning

Student

Teacher

Teacher

Student

OTHER

Teachers have a sphere of knowledge that they want to insert into the minds of their students

CONSTRUCTIVISTS

The sphere is created inside the mind of the student by creating a learning environment

definition
Definition
  • Constructivism is a philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we color and construct our own understanding of the world we live in
definition4
Definition
  • Each of us generates "rules" to make sense of our experiences
  • Learning is adjusting our rules to accommodate new experiences
  • Students can learn different meanings from the same lesson
definition5
Definition
  • No knowledge can be transferred intact from one individual to another
definition6
Definition
  • Information received is reshaped inside the learner’s mind to fitwithin his or her frame of reference
key player
Key player

Key

Player

jerome s bruner
Jerome S Bruner

“I shall take it as self-evident that each generation must define afresh the nature, direction, and aims of education to assure such freedom and rationality as can be attainted for a future generation…

© www.cocc.edu 2004

jerome s bruner9
Jerome S Bruner

…It is in this sense that education is in constant process of invention.”

--Jerome S. BrunerToward a Theory of Instruction, 1966

© www.cocc.edu 2004

key issues
Key issues

Key

Issues

how does learning occur
How does learning occur?
  • The learner creates meaning from experience. The mind filters input from the external world to create its own singular version of reality
  • Teachers must start from where the students are to align learning with existing states of mind
which factors influence learning
Which factors influence learning?
  • Learning is a search for meaning
  • Learning must start with the issues around which students are actively trying to construct meaning
  • Meaning requires understanding wholes as well as parts
what is the role of memory
What is the role of memory?
  • Constructivists view memory as the repository not for intact knowledge, but for flexible threads of information that can be reorganized in an unending variety of ways
how does transfer occur
How does transfer occur?
  • Transfer can occur by involving learners in authentic tasks anchored within a meaningful context
what types of learning are best explained by this theory
What types of learning are best explained by this theory?
  • Not best for introductory knowledge
  • Not best for rote memorization of rules and facts
what types of learning are best explained by this theory16
What types of learning are best explained by this theory?
  • However, for advanced knowledge acquisition, this learning theory works quite well
  • There are no preconceived limitations. The student is free to create their own construct
what basic assumptions principles are relevant to instructional design
What basic assumptions/principles are relevant to instructional design?
  • Educators focus on making connections between facts and fostering new understanding in students
how to structure instruction
How to structure instruction?
  • Tailor strategies to student responses
  • Encourage analysis, interpretation, prediction
  • Use open-ended questions and discussion
  • Connect past experiences with new learning
  • Use project-based learning
  • Use problem-based learning
how to evaluate
How to evaluate?
  • Learners to construct their own meaning, no memorized "right" answers; no regurgitation
  • Formative assessment ensures students are learning during the process
  • Use holistic evaluation
how to evaluate20
How to evaluate?
  • Constructivism calls for the elimination of grades and standardized testing
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