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Where are now?. The ASSURE model contains six steps and the letters in ASSURE form an acronym. Where are now ?. Where are now?. Identification of the Problem. ID Process begins with identification of the problem

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Where are now
Where are now?

The ASSURE model contains six steps and the letters in ASSURE form an acronym.




Identification of the problem
Identification of the Problem

  • ID Process begins with identification of the problem

  • Purpose of identifying the problem is to determine if instruction is the best solution

  • How to identify the problem?


What is needs assessment
What is Needs Assessment

  • The needs assessment is a part of the front-end analysis in the instructional design process

  • It includes all the activities used to collect information about your students' learning needs, wants, wishes, desires, etc…

  • A needs analysis can be very formal, extensive and time consuming, or it can be informal, narrowly focused and quick.

  • Its purpose is to determine what the needs are, whether they are instructional or other issues


What is needs assessment1
What is Needs Assessment

  • Need to perform needs analysis to identify instructional goals

  • Some of resources for conducting a needs analysis may include surveys and questionnaires, test scores, and interviews.

  • The process also sometimes involves looking at the expectations and requirements of other people who may be impacted by the program.


Conducting a needs assessment
Conducting a Needs Assessment

  • 4 phases to NA process


Planning
Planning

  • Define the target audience.

  • Develop a strategy - methods

  • Who will participate in the study?

  • How should the data be collected?


Collecting the data
Collecting the Data

  • Consideration about sample size and distribution

  • Schedule the appointments

  • Travel to the sites to collect the data


Analyzing the data
Analyzing the Data

  • SPSS

  • Needs should be prioritized

  • Goal Analysis Method


Goal analysis
Goal Analysis

  • Alternative approach to NA - 6 steps

BACK


Compiling a report
Compiling A Report

  • Report would contain

    • Summary of purpose

    • Summary of process

    • Summary of results with table (s) and narrative

    • Recommendations based on the data


Which method to use
Which method to Use

  • Needs Analysis

    • Used when the problem is not identified

    • Much time and cost are involved

    • Conducted with a large target audience

  • Goal Analysis

    • Used when problem is identified and valid

    • Less time and cost involved

    • Focus is narrower

      • Conducted with a few individuals


Performance assessment
Performance Assessment

  • Identify performance problems

  • Causes of performance problems:

    • Lack of knowledge or skills

    • Lack of motivation or incentive

    • Environmental factors

    • Management factors

    • Interpersonal relations


Where are now3
Where are now?

The ASSURE model contains six steps and the letters in ASSURE form an acronym.


Media
Media

  • A means of communication

  • Latin medium (“between”)

  • The term refers to anything that carries information between a source and a receiver


Media1
Media

  • Media concept according to Torkelson


Definition of media
Definition of Media

  • Medium that can be used to deliver message from the sender to the receiver in a manner that can stimulate thought, feeling, interest and student’s attention which later occur in learning process

  • According to Heinich (2002), if the media convey a message about instruction, then that media can be called as instruction’s media



The use of media in instruction1
The use of media in instruction

  • To expose technology to students through teaching

  • Innovation in teaching and learning – latest technology

  • To gain student’s interest

  • To promote an interesting teaching and learning

  • To enable clear and effective explanation

  • To promote meaningful learning





Classification of instruction media non print media
Classification of Instruction Media – Non Print Media

Presentation Media - Static Presentation

  • Transparency

  • Slide

  • Microfilm

  • Film and Video

  • CD/DVD

Presentation Media – Non Static Presentation


Classification of instruction media non print media1
Classification of Instruction Media – Non Print Media

Non Presentation Media - Graphic

  • Drawing

  • Cartoon

  • Charts

  • Graf


Classification of instruction media non print media2
Classification of Instruction Media – Non Print Media

Non Presentation Media – Static Image

  • Photograph

  • Postcard

  • Flash card


Classification of instruction media non print media3
Classification of Instruction Media – Non Print Media

Non Presentation Media – Exhibition Material

  • Chalk board

  • White board

  • Flannel board

  • Bulletin board

  • Electronic board


Classification of instruction media non print media4
Classification of Instruction Media – Non Print Media

Non Presentation Media – Audio Material

  • Tape

  • Cassette

  • Compact disk


Classification of instruction media print media
Classification of Instruction Media – Print Media

  • Module

  • Text books

  • Manual

  • Newspapers

  • Magazine

  • Journals

  • Articles



Choosing media
Choosing Media

  • Criteria:


Advantages of using media
Advantages of Using Media

  • Improve the effectiveness of teaching and learning process

  • Time saving

  • Stimulate student’s interest

  • Provides various teaching method

  • Enriched student’s experience

  • Produce more efficient teaching materials


Disadvantages of using media
Disadvantages of using media

  • Unplanned media

    • Choosing the media

    • Preparing the media

    • Implementing the media

  • Designed media is too crowded

  • Video as a media – too long

  • Effect of using media

    • Bored

    • Not meaningful

    • Wasted


Conclusion
Conclusion

TEACHERS

  • Effectiveness

  • Time saving

  • Various techniques, strategy and approach

STUDENTS

  • Interest, passion

  • Skills

  • Independent


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