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The Canadian Centre for Research in Sustainable Mining. G. Ward Wilson, Malcolm Scoble, and John A. Meech The University of British Columbia Department of Mining Engineering 6350 Sustainability Street*, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1 Z4

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the canadian centre for research in sustainable mining

The Canadian Centre for Research in Sustainable Mining

G. Ward Wilson, Malcolm Scoble,

and John A. Meech

The University of British Columbia

Department of Mining Engineering

6350 Sustainability Street*, Vancouver,

British Columbia, V6T 1 Z4

Emails: [email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

* Name to be changed from Stores Road in 2006.

imagine

Reclamation at Bullmoose

Igarapé Bahia Gold Mine,

Carajas, Amazon

Gregg River Coal Mine

Hinton, Alberta

Imagine…
  • A Mine that is Green and Clean
    • Where
      • People live, work, and play safely and local communities can rely on a long-term future
      • First Nations work and learn about Mining in a climate that respects their heritage and culture
      • Protection of the environment is paramount and Society’s image of Mining is high
imagine1

Britannia Beach Research Station - Artist’s Impression

Imagine…
  • An Educational and Research Facility
    • That is
      • World Class in all its activities
      • Dedicated to Sustainable Mining
      • Developing Innovative Sustainable Solutions
      • Attracting World Class researchers to help train the 21st Century Mining Professionals
imagine2
Imagine…
  • The Canadian Centre for Research
  • in Sustainable Mining
    • That is
      • Located at UBC-Vancouver and at Britannia Beach
      • Linked virtually to institutions involved with Mining
      • Addressing small-scale mining
      • Conducting environmental research, and outreaching to communities
      • Developing methods to increase safety, reduce costs and improve productivity
we begin with a university ubc
We Begin with a University - UBC
  • Dedicated to the concept of Sustainability

Frank Forward

Building

Coal and Mineral Processing Lab

existing second floor cmp lab all dimensions in ft or ft 2

Refuge

Area

Tech

Support

10 x 13

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Coal)

90 x 26

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Mineral)

90 x 26

Analytical

Lab

47 x 14

Process Mineralogy

31 x 13

Rheology

Lab

12 x 13

Chemical

Lab

16 x 14

Project

Lab

12 x 13

Storage

15 x 26

Control

Room

12 x 21

Refuge

Area

Existing Second Floor – CMP Lab(all dimensions in ft. or ft.2)
  • Space will be gained within the high-bay area on the Mineral side of the building. The interior rooms will be renovated to accommodate an elevator and new corridors necessary to isolate and access the new component facilities of the research centre. The following diagrams detail these changes and those required to create a Third and Fourth Floor in the building.
second floor cmp laboratory

ELEV

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Mineral)

24 x 22 opening

Walkway

Process Mineralogy Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Coal)

70 x 22

opening

Walkway 70 x 4

Environmental Sample Preparation Laboratory

43 x 21

903 sf

Robotics

Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

Technical

Support

21 x 21

441 sf

Storage

15 x 26

WC

(16x7)

Second Floor – CMP Laboratory
  • Total Renovated Lab Space = 3,316 ft.2
  • Unassignable Space = 716 ft.2
  • Total Renovated = 4,032ft.2

(rehabilitated space)

third floor cmp laboratory exterior walls and central floor exist

Geothermal Laboratory

37 x 21

777 + 35

812 sf

ELEV

Comminution Research Lab

22 x 21

462 + 35

497 sf

Interactive A/V Virtual Reality Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

ARD Treatment Lab

23 x 21

483 sf

Clean Environmental Analysis Laboratory

31 x 21

651 sf

Cold Room (Creep Studies)

23 x 21

483 sf

Hydrogeology Lab

29 x 34

986 sf

Welding Shop

20 x 21

420 + 35 sf

455 sf

Computer Simulation Lab

20 x 21

420 sf

WC

(16x7)

Third Floor – CMP Laboratory(exterior walls and central floor exist)
  • Total New Lab Space = 3,801 ft.2
  • New Unassignable Space = 1,221 ft.2
  • Total New Space = 5,022 ft.2

(new space)

(rehabilitated space)

Total Space = 7,130 ft.2

Total Renovated Lab Space = 1,972 ft.2

Renovated Unassignable Space = 136 ft.2

Total Renovated Space = 2,108 ft.2

fourth floor cmp laboratory

Hydrometallurgy/Heap Leaching

37 x 21

777 + 35

812 sf

ELEV

Hg-Remediation Lab

22 x 21

462 + 35

497 sf

Interactive A/V Virtual Reality Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

Sustainability Interview Room

23 x 21

483 sf

Ventilation Lab

31 x 21

651 sf

Microbiology Lab

29 x 34

986 sf

Occupational Health

23 x 21

483 sf

Landscape Architecture

20 x 21

420 + 35 sf

455 sf

Soil Science

20 x 21

420 sf

WC

(16x7)

Fourth Floor – CMP Laboratory
  • Total New Lab Space = 5,773 ft.2
  • Unassignable Space = 1,357 ft.2
  • Total New Space = 7,130ft.2

(new space)

Total Space = 7,130 ft.2

summary table
Summary Table
  • Renovated Space and New Space (ft.2)
summary table1
Summary Table
  • B. Laboratory Space and Unassignable Space(ft.2)
ubc to britannia beach
UBC to Britannia Beach

Britannia

Mine

Britannia Beach

UBC-CERM3 has been involved with Britannia Beach since 2001 when it installed a plug inside the 2200 Level tunnel to create a research facility.

This plug had the “spin-off” benefit of eliminating all pollution flowing into Britannia Creek and the surface waters of Howe Sound.

millennium plug research project
Millennium Plug Research Project

Pollution Plume – pre 2001

britannia beach research pilot facility

Robotics

Field

Lab

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Passive ARD Treatment Research Facility

40 x 23

920 + 70

990 ft.2

High-Head Pilot Plant Facility

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Technical Support Facility

38 x 13

494 ft2

Entrance Lobby

Phyto-Reclamation Facility

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Technology Transfer Research Facility

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Greenhouse

40 x 23

920 + 70

990 ft.2

Britannia Beach Research Pilot Facility

(86 x 97 = 8,342 ft.2)

slide15

Britannia Beach

Research

Field Station

Britannia Mining Innovation Centre Educational Wing

Britannia Mining Innovation Centre Exhibition Wing

model of the britannia beach project
Model of the Britannia Beach Project
  • BCIT Landscape Architectural Student – Michaela de Monye
model of the britannia beach project1
Model of the Britannia Beach Project
  • BCIT Landscape Architectural Student – Michaela de Monye
model of the britannia beach project2
Model of the Britannia Beach Project
  • BCIT Landscape Architectural Student – Michaela de Monye
performance of cerm3 2001 2005
Performance of CERM3 (2001-2005)
  • Created 5 labs (35 researchers from 10 departments)
  • Completed over 30 individual research projects
  • Publications (95 refereed and 172 conference proceedings)
  • Graduated 38 HQP (currently supervising 58 students)
  • $20 million in research funding
  • Received 26 awards and/or distinctions
  • Working with over 28 mining companies
  • Graduate school enrollment increased to 80
performance of cerm3 2001 20051
Performance of CERM3 (2001-2005)
  • Helped create Bridge Program linking health care, policy, and engineering
  • Bridge Program students wrote 3 successful CIHR proposals ($300,000)
  • UNIDO Global Mercury Project is managed under UBC-Mining
  • Large research efforts on Waste Management methods
  • First group to address pollution problems at Britannia Mine
  • UBC-Mining has increased in population size by 2.5 times
six global forces threaten mining
Six Global Forces Threaten Mining

Energy

“Crunch”

reduce fossil fuels

use in mining

Pollution and

Effects on Health

Climate Change

promote conservation

use geothermal energy

Eliminate emissions

from a mine site

Research

is needed

engage communities

In mine plans

show how sustainability

benefits “triple bottom line"

Erosion of Trust

in Institutions

Globalization

Backlash

develop methods to

improve safety in mining

Shortage of

Skilled Labour

innovative research
Innovative Research
  • Focus - Sustainable Mining
      • Socio-political, techno-economic, & environmental issues
  • Collaborative research projects with
      • Mining companies, communities, and academic institutions
      • Non-traditional researchers to work on mining problems
  • Innovative Research Station at Britannia Beach
      • Plays a major role in transforming the town
      • Site contamination supports research activities
      • Facility will be a "green" building >>> The "Green" Mine
        • Geothermal, Solar, Wind energy
        • Gray-water treatment
        • Lighting/heating responds to personnel needs
        • Phyto-reclamation and remediation testbeds
        • Research integrated into tourist attractions
phytoreclamation
Phytoreclamation
  • In 2003, CERM3 and Massey University conducted
  • a full-scale field trial in Brazil for CVRD
  • Hyperaccumulation of Gold by Plants
  • in the ground in the plants target
  • 0.6 g Au/t >>> 60 g Au/t >>> 100 g Au/t

28/5/03

27/6/03

12/5/03

07/5/03

19/5/03

sustainable mining and communities

Village of Noatak Science Class, Red Dog, Alaska

Sustainable Mining and Communities
  • Led by
      • Malcolm Scoble
      • Marcello Veiga
  • Over 15 graduate students
  • Communities affected by Mining
  • Small-scale Mining
  • First Nations and Aboriginal Peoples

The Mining Professionals of the 21st Century

The Mining Professors of the 21st Century

Jennifer Hinton (Ph.D. student)

working with women in a

Ugandan Mining Community

Ginger Gibson (Ph.D. student) working with NWT Communities who work at Ekati Diamond Mine (Trudeau Scholar)

mining automation
Mining Automation
  • Navigation Instrumentation
  • Magnetic Levitation Hoisting
  • Remote Mining from Surface

Team Thunderbird and Autonomous Ground Vehicles

Terry Gong with Bebot Miners

Mag Wheels!

waste management practices
Waste Management Practices
  • Antamina Mine/Teck-Cominco
  • Questa Mine/Molycorp
  • Porgera Mine/Placer-Dome
research team
Research Team
  • Ten world-renowned researchers in
  • their respective fields will lead the work

Ward Wilson

Malcolm Scoble

John Meech

Hydrogeology

Waste Management

Automation

Mineral Processing

Sustainable Mining

Mine Design

Patrick Condon

Dave Dreisinger

Hydrometallurgy

Heap Leaching

Landscape Architecture

Liveable Communities

Sustainable Mining

Mineral Processing

Mine-Mill Integration

Epidemiology

Bridge Program

Bern Klein

Kay Teschke

Mining Equipment

Maintenance/Automation

Sustainable Mining

Soil Science

Small-scale Mining

Mercury Pollution

Robert Hall

Les Lavkulich

Marcello Veiga

slide32

Research Team

Dawn Mill

UBC-Anthropology and Law

First Nations Law

Susan Baldwin

UBC-Chemical and Biological Eng.

Microbiology in Mining

Chris Anderson

Massey University

Phytoreclamation

Peter Lawrence

UBC-Electrical Engineering

Robotics

Roger Beckie

UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

Hydrology/Geotechnology

Scott Dunbar

UBC-Mining Engineering

Mine Design

Greg Baiden

Laurentian University

Mine Automation

David Dixon

UBC-Materials Engineering

Heap Leaching/Modeling

Ulrich Mayer

UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

Geochemical Modeling

Mory Ghomshei

UBC-Mining Engineering

Geothermal Energy

George Oprea

UBC-Materials Engineering

Ceramics Manufacturing

Penny Le Couture

Capilano College

Arts and Science

Jim Mortensen

UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

Geochemical Analysis

Rimas Pakalnis

UBC-Mining Engineering

Geomechanics

Mark Selman

Simon Fraser University

Business and Sustainability

Des Tromans

UBC-Materials Engineering

Thermodynamic Modeling

Les Smith

UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

Ground Water Hydrology

Marek Pawlik

UBC-Mining Engineering

Surface Chemistry

research team collaborations

Laval University

Mining and Metallurgy

King’s College London

Mechanical Eng.

Ecole Polytechnique

Mining

McGill University

Mining and Metallurgy

Royal Military Academy

Mechanical Eng.

Cardiff University

Chemical Eng.

Queen\'s University

Mining

University of Oulu

Electrical Eng.

Laurentian University

Mining

Tech. Univ. of Denmark

Agricultural Sciences

University of Alberta

Civil/Mining

Tohoku University

Materials Research Institute

Univ. of Saskatchewan

Civil Eng.

University of Siegen

Inst. of Automatic Control

University of Utah

Mining

University of Haifa

Computational Mathematics

New Mexico State

Mining

University of Queensland

Sustainable Minerals Institute

University of Chile

Mining

Massey University

Soil and Earth Sciences

CETEM

Rio de Janeiro

University of Capetown

Chemical Engineering

Research Team & Collaborations
  • Linkages with Collaborators will be strengthened

Maintenance/

Equipment

Robotics

Phyto-

Reclamation

Waste

Management

ARD

Treatment

Bulk Mining

Sustainable

Mining

Mineral

Processing

Super

Computer

need for the infrastructure
Need for the Infrastructure
  • Research is constrained by existing infrastructure
  • Areas Needing Infrastructure
        • Passive ARD Systems
        • Remote Monitoring Protocols
        • Mobile Robotics and VR Simulation
        • Microseismicity
        • Mine-Mill Integration
        • Comminution Energy
        • Hydrogeology and ARD
        • Metals Recovery from ARD
management plan for ccrsm

Process

Mineralogy

Lab

ARD

Lab

Waste

Management

Lab

Virtual Reality

Lab

Robotics

Lab

Environmental

Sample Prep

Lab

Robotics

Field Lab

Technology

Transfer

Lab

Health and

Safety Lab

High-Head

Pilot Facility

Clean

Analytical

Lab

Landscape

Architecture

Phyto-

Reclamation

Lab

Soil

Science

Lab

Sustainable

Mining

Lab

Hydrogeology

Lab

Geothermal

Research

Lab

Heap

Leaching

Lab

Ventilation

Lab

Microbiology

Lab

Mine Design

Lab

Mercury

Remediation

Lab

Passive

ARD

Wetlands

Greenhouse

Mineral

Processing

Lab

Microseismics

Lab

Rock

Mechanics

Lab

Environmental

Simulation

Lab

Surface

Chemistry

Lab

Comminution

Research

Lab

Management Plan for CCRSM
  • * Dean of Applied Science, Head of UBC-Mining, CCRSM Director, representatives from all Emerald and Diamond Corporate Sponsors

Board of

Directors*

Steering

Committee

Advisory

Committee

Research

Director

CCRSM

BBFRS

sponsorship fees
Sponsorship Fees

Emerald (Green) $250,000 or more

Diamond (White) $100,000 - $199,999

Ruby (Red) $ 50,000 - $ 99,999

Sapphire (Blue) $ 25,000 - $ 49,999

Donor <$25,000

Friend <$ 2,000

operations maintenance budget summary
Operations & Maintenance Budget Summary
  • Costs Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
  • Personnel 318,000 327,540 337,366 347,487 357,912
  • Supplies 85,000 87,550 90,176 92,882 95,668
  • Maintenance and repairs 80,000 82,400 84,872 87,418 90,041
  • Services 35,000 36,050 37,131 38,246 39,393
  • Other (specify) 35,000 42,000 50,400 60,480 72,576
  • Fellowship Program
  • Total $553,000 $575,540 $599,945 $626,513 $655,590
  • Funding Sources Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
  • Institutional contributions 433,000 451,940 472,638 495,385 520,529
  • Other organizations 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
  • User fees 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000
  • Other (specify) 60,000 63,600 67,308 71,127 75,061
  • Research O/H & Service Fees
  • Total $553,000 $575,540 $599,946 $626,512 $655,590
research project types
Research Project Types
  • Research Overheads of 5% will be charged on all research.
  • Four types of projects and their typical funding levels are planned as shown below:
  • Type of Project Major Site-Specific Broad Scope Development Study
  • Approx. Unit Cost $100,000 $50,000 $25,000 $7,276
  • Overheads (5%) $ 5,000 $ 2,500 $ 1,250 $ 364
  • Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
  • Project Type No. Amount No. Amount No. Amount No. Amount No. Amount
  • Major 0 $ 0 1 $ 5,000 2 $10,000 3 $15,000 4 $20,000
  • Site-Specific 5 $12,500 3 $ 7,500 2 $ 5,000 1 $ 2,500 1 $ 2,500
  • Broad Scope 5 $ 6,250 6 $ 7,500 6 $ 7,500 6 $ 7,500 4 $ 5,000
  • Develop. Study 8 $ 2,910 10 $ 3,638 11 $ 4,002 12 $ 4,366 12 $ 4,366
  • Fees for Service - $38,500 - $39,655 - $40,845 - $42,070 - $43,332
  • Total 18 $60,160 20 $63,293 21 $67,347 22 $71,436 21 $75,198
benefits to canada and b c
Benefits to Canada and B.C.
  • Canadian Mining is recognized as second to none
    • (but research competition from Australia by AMIRA is fierce)
  • Strengthen reputation of environmental protection
    • (by emphasizing global approach to Sustainable Mining)
  • Commitment to Sustainable Mining is essential
    • (to keep our industry competitive and in demand)
  • Create facilities to integrate "soft" and "hard“ research
    • (Technical and Socio-Political issues must be exchanged)
  • Complement the Laurentian University initiative (Centre of Excellence in Mining)
    • (provide collaboration across Canada in Mining Innovations)
concluding remarks
Concluding Remarks
  • CCRSM Project
  • Performance of CERM3
  • Research Team
  • Extensive Collaborations
  • Research Scope & Quality
  • Infrastructure
  • Industry Support
  • Plan to train HQP
  • Benefits to Canada
  • - Bold Innovative Concept
  • - Spectacular
  • - Highest Quality
  • - Strengthened
  • - Extraordinary
  • - Essential
  • - Extensive
  • - Effective & Needed
  • - Clear & Significant
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