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The Canadian Centre for Research in Sustainable Mining. G. Ward Wilson, Malcolm Scoble, and John A. Meech The University of British Columbia Department of Mining Engineering 6350 Sustainability Street*, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1 Z4

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The canadian centre for research in sustainable mining

The Canadian Centre for Research in Sustainable Mining

G. Ward Wilson, Malcolm Scoble,

and John A. Meech

The University of British Columbia

Department of Mining Engineering

6350 Sustainability Street*, Vancouver,

British Columbia, V6T 1 Z4

Emails:[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

* Name to be changed from Stores Road in 2006.


Imagine

Reclamation at Bullmoose

Igarapé Bahia Gold Mine,

Carajas, Amazon

Gregg River Coal Mine

Hinton, Alberta

Imagine…

  • A Mine that is Green and Clean

    • Where

      • People live, work, and play safely and local communities can rely on a long-term future

      • First Nations work and learn about Mining in a climate that respects their heritage and culture

      • Protection of the environment is paramount and Society’s image of Mining is high


Imagine1

Britannia Beach Research Station - Artist’s Impression

Imagine…

  • An Educational and Research Facility

    • That is

      • World Class in all its activities

      • Dedicated to Sustainable Mining

      • Developing Innovative Sustainable Solutions

      • Attracting World Class researchers to help train the 21st Century Mining Professionals


Imagine2

Imagine…

  • The Canadian Centre for Research

  • in Sustainable Mining

    • That is

      • Located at UBC-Vancouver and at Britannia Beach

      • Linked virtually to institutions involved with Mining

      • Addressing small-scale mining

      • Conducting environmental research, and outreaching to communities

      • Developing methods to increase safety, reduce costs and improve productivity


We begin with a university ubc

We Begin with a University - UBC

  • Dedicated to the concept of Sustainability

Frank Forward

Building

Coal and Mineral Processing Lab


Existing second floor cmp lab all dimensions in ft or ft 2

Refuge

Area

Tech

Support

10 x 13

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Coal)

90 x 26

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Mineral)

90 x 26

Analytical

Lab

47 x 14

Process Mineralogy

31 x 13

Rheology

Lab

12 x 13

Chemical

Lab

16 x 14

Project

Lab

12 x 13

Storage

15 x 26

Control

Room

12 x 21

Refuge

Area

Existing Second Floor – CMP Lab(all dimensions in ft. or ft.2)

  • Space will be gained within the high-bay area on the Mineral side of the building. The interior rooms will be renovated to accommodate an elevator and new corridors necessary to isolate and access the new component facilities of the research centre. The following diagrams detail these changes and those required to create a Third and Fourth Floor in the building.


Second floor cmp laboratory

ELEV

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Mineral)

24 x 22 opening

Walkway

Process Mineralogy Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

High-Bay Lab

Below

(Coal)

70 x 22

opening

Walkway 70 x 4

Environmental Sample Preparation Laboratory

43 x 21

903 sf

Robotics

Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

Technical

Support

21 x 21

441 sf

Storage

15 x 26

WC

(16x7)

Second Floor – CMP Laboratory

  • Total Renovated Lab Space = 3,316 ft.2

  • Unassignable Space = 716 ft.2

  • Total Renovated = 4,032ft.2

(rehabilitated space)


Third floor cmp laboratory exterior walls and central floor exist

Geothermal Laboratory

37 x 21

777 + 35

812 sf

ELEV

Comminution Research Lab

22 x 21

462 + 35

497 sf

Interactive A/V Virtual Reality Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

ARD Treatment Lab

23 x 21

483 sf

Clean Environmental Analysis Laboratory

31 x 21

651 sf

Cold Room (Creep Studies)

23 x 21

483 sf

Hydrogeology Lab

29 x 34

986 sf

Welding Shop

20 x 21

420 + 35 sf

455 sf

Computer Simulation Lab

20 x 21

420 sf

WC

(16x7)

Third Floor – CMP Laboratory(exterior walls and central floor exist)

  • Total New Lab Space = 3,801 ft.2

  • New Unassignable Space = 1,221 ft.2

  • Total New Space = 5,022 ft.2

(new space)

(rehabilitated space)

Total Space = 7,130 ft.2

Total Renovated Lab Space = 1,972 ft.2

Renovated Unassignable Space = 136 ft.2

Total Renovated Space = 2,108 ft.2


Fourth floor cmp laboratory

Hydrometallurgy/Heap Leaching

37 x 21

777 + 35

812 sf

ELEV

Hg-Remediation Lab

22 x 21

462 + 35

497 sf

Interactive A/V Virtual Reality Laboratory

29 x 34

986 sf

Sustainability Interview Room

23 x 21

483 sf

Ventilation Lab

31 x 21

651 sf

Microbiology Lab

29 x 34

986 sf

Occupational Health

23 x 21

483 sf

Landscape Architecture

20 x 21

420 + 35 sf

455 sf

Soil Science

20 x 21

420 sf

WC

(16x7)

Fourth Floor – CMP Laboratory

  • Total New Lab Space = 5,773 ft.2

  • Unassignable Space = 1,357 ft.2

  • Total New Space = 7,130ft.2

(new space)

Total Space = 7,130 ft.2


Summary table

Summary Table

  • Renovated Space and New Space (ft.2)


Summary table1

Summary Table

  • B. Laboratory Space and Unassignable Space(ft.2)


Ubc to britannia beach

UBC to Britannia Beach

Britannia

Mine

Britannia Beach

UBC-CERM3 has been involved with Britannia Beach since 2001 when it installed a plug inside the 2200 Level tunnel to create a research facility.

This plug had the “spin-off” benefit of eliminating all pollution flowing into Britannia Creek and the surface waters of Howe Sound.


Millennium plug research project

Millennium Plug Research Project

Pollution Plume – pre 2001


Britannia beach research pilot facility

Robotics

Field

Lab

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Passive ARD Treatment Research Facility

40 x 23

920 + 70

990 ft.2

High-Head Pilot Plant Facility

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Technical Support Facility

38 x 13

494 ft2

Entrance Lobby

Phyto-Reclamation Facility

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Technology Transfer Research Facility

40 x 25

1,000 ft.2

Greenhouse

40 x 23

920 + 70

990 ft.2

Britannia Beach Research Pilot Facility

(86 x 97 = 8,342 ft.2)


The canadian centre for research in sustainable mining

Britannia Beach

Research

Field Station

Britannia Mining Innovation Centre Educational Wing

Britannia Mining Innovation Centre Exhibition Wing


Model of the britannia beach project

Model of the Britannia Beach Project

  • BCIT Landscape Architectural Student – Michaela de Monye


Model of the britannia beach project1

Model of the Britannia Beach Project

  • BCIT Landscape Architectural Student – Michaela de Monye


Model of the britannia beach project2

Model of the Britannia Beach Project

  • BCIT Landscape Architectural Student – Michaela de Monye


Performance of cerm3 2001 2005

Performance of CERM3 (2001-2005)

  • Created 5 labs (35 researchers from 10 departments)

  • Completed over 30 individual research projects

  • Publications (95 refereed and 172 conference proceedings)

  • Graduated 38 HQP (currently supervising 58 students)

  • $20 million in research funding

  • Received 26 awards and/or distinctions

  • Working with over 28 mining companies

  • Graduate school enrollment increased to 80


Performance of cerm3 2001 20051

Performance of CERM3 (2001-2005)

  • Helped create Bridge Program linking health care, policy, and engineering

  • Bridge Program students wrote 3 successful CIHR proposals ($300,000)

  • UNIDO Global Mercury Project is managed under UBC-Mining

  • Large research efforts on Waste Management methods

  • First group to address pollution problems at Britannia Mine

  • UBC-Mining has increased in population size by 2.5 times


Six global forces threaten mining

Six Global Forces Threaten Mining

Energy

“Crunch”

reduce fossil fuels

use in mining

Pollution and

Effects on Health

Climate Change

promote conservation

use geothermal energy

Eliminate emissions

from a mine site

Research

is needed

engage communities

In mine plans

show how sustainability

benefits “triple bottom line"

Erosion of Trust

in Institutions

Globalization

Backlash

develop methods to

improve safety in mining

Shortage of

Skilled Labour


Innovative research

Innovative Research

  • Focus - Sustainable Mining

    • Socio-political, techno-economic, & environmental issues

  • Collaborative research projects with

    • Mining companies, communities, and academic institutions

    • Non-traditional researchers to work on mining problems

  • Innovative Research Station at Britannia Beach

    • Plays a major role in transforming the town

    • Site contamination supports research activities

    • Facility will be a "green" building >>> The "Green" Mine

      • Geothermal, Solar, Wind energy

      • Gray-water treatment

      • Lighting/heating responds to personnel needs

      • Phyto-reclamation and remediation testbeds

      • Research integrated into tourist attractions


  • Phytoreclamation

    Phytoreclamation

    • In 2003, CERM3 and Massey University conducted

    • a full-scale field trial in Brazil for CVRD

    • Hyperaccumulation of Gold by Plants

    • in the ground in the plants target

    • 0.6 g Au/t >>> 60 g Au/t >>> 100 g Au/t

    28/5/03

    27/6/03

    12/5/03

    07/5/03

    19/5/03


    Geothermal energy system at britannia beach

    Geothermal Energy System at Britannia Beach


    Sustainable mining and communities

    Village of Noatak Science Class, Red Dog, Alaska

    Sustainable Mining and Communities

    • Led by

      • Malcolm Scoble

      • Marcello Veiga

  • Over 15 graduate students

  • Communities affected by Mining

  • Small-scale Mining

  • First Nations and Aboriginal Peoples

  • The Mining Professionals of the 21st Century

    The Mining Professors of the 21st Century

    Jennifer Hinton (Ph.D. student)

    working with women in a

    Ugandan Mining Community

    Ginger Gibson (Ph.D. student) working with NWT Communities who work at Ekati Diamond Mine (Trudeau Scholar)


    Mining automation

    Mining Automation

    • Navigation Instrumentation

    • Magnetic Levitation Hoisting

    • Remote Mining from Surface

    Team Thunderbird and Autonomous Ground Vehicles

    Terry Gong with Bebot Miners

    Mag Wheels!


    Waste management practices

    Waste Management Practices

    • Antamina Mine/Teck-Cominco

    • Questa Mine/Molycorp

    • Porgera Mine/Placer-Dome


    Research team

    Research Team

    • Ten world-renowned researchers in

    • their respective fields will lead the work

    Ward Wilson

    Malcolm Scoble

    John Meech

    Hydrogeology

    Waste Management

    Automation

    Mineral Processing

    Sustainable Mining

    Mine Design

    Patrick Condon

    Dave Dreisinger

    Hydrometallurgy

    Heap Leaching

    Landscape Architecture

    Liveable Communities

    Sustainable Mining

    Mineral Processing

    Mine-Mill Integration

    Epidemiology

    Bridge Program

    Bern Klein

    Kay Teschke

    Mining Equipment

    Maintenance/Automation

    Sustainable Mining

    Soil Science

    Small-scale Mining

    Mercury Pollution

    Robert Hall

    Les Lavkulich

    Marcello Veiga


    The canadian centre for research in sustainable mining

    Research Team

    Dawn Mill

    UBC-Anthropology and Law

    First Nations Law

    Susan Baldwin

    UBC-Chemical and Biological Eng.

    Microbiology in Mining

    Chris Anderson

    Massey University

    Phytoreclamation

    Peter Lawrence

    UBC-Electrical Engineering

    Robotics

    Roger Beckie

    UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

    Hydrology/Geotechnology

    Scott Dunbar

    UBC-Mining Engineering

    Mine Design

    Greg Baiden

    Laurentian University

    Mine Automation

    David Dixon

    UBC-Materials Engineering

    Heap Leaching/Modeling

    Ulrich Mayer

    UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

    Geochemical Modeling

    Mory Ghomshei

    UBC-Mining Engineering

    Geothermal Energy

    George Oprea

    UBC-Materials Engineering

    Ceramics Manufacturing

    Penny Le Couture

    Capilano College

    Arts and Science

    Jim Mortensen

    UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

    Geochemical Analysis

    Rimas Pakalnis

    UBC-Mining Engineering

    Geomechanics

    Mark Selman

    Simon Fraser University

    Business and Sustainability

    Des Tromans

    UBC-Materials Engineering

    Thermodynamic Modeling

    Les Smith

    UBC-Earth and Ocean Sciences

    Ground Water Hydrology

    Marek Pawlik

    UBC-Mining Engineering

    Surface Chemistry


    Research team collaborations

    Laval University

    Mining and Metallurgy

    King’s College London

    Mechanical Eng.

    Ecole Polytechnique

    Mining

    McGill University

    Mining and Metallurgy

    Royal Military Academy

    Mechanical Eng.

    Cardiff University

    Chemical Eng.

    Queen's University

    Mining

    University of Oulu

    Electrical Eng.

    Laurentian University

    Mining

    Tech. Univ. of Denmark

    Agricultural Sciences

    University of Alberta

    Civil/Mining

    Tohoku University

    Materials Research Institute

    Univ. of Saskatchewan

    Civil Eng.

    University of Siegen

    Inst. of Automatic Control

    University of Utah

    Mining

    University of Haifa

    Computational Mathematics

    New Mexico State

    Mining

    University of Queensland

    Sustainable Minerals Institute

    University of Chile

    Mining

    Massey University

    Soil and Earth Sciences

    CETEM

    Rio de Janeiro

    University of Capetown

    Chemical Engineering

    Research Team & Collaborations

    • Linkages with Collaborators will be strengthened

    Maintenance/

    Equipment

    Robotics

    Phyto-

    Reclamation

    Waste

    Management

    ARD

    Treatment

    Bulk Mining

    Sustainable

    Mining

    Mineral

    Processing

    Super

    Computer


    Need for the infrastructure

    Need for the Infrastructure

    • Research is constrained by existing infrastructure

    • Areas Needing Infrastructure

      • Passive ARD Systems

      • Remote Monitoring Protocols

      • Mobile Robotics and VR Simulation

      • Microseismicity

      • Mine-Mill Integration

      • Comminution Energy

      • Hydrogeology and ARD

      • Metals Recovery from ARD


    Management plan for ccrsm

    Process

    Mineralogy

    Lab

    ARD

    Lab

    Waste

    Management

    Lab

    Virtual Reality

    Lab

    Robotics

    Lab

    Environmental

    Sample Prep

    Lab

    Robotics

    Field Lab

    Technology

    Transfer

    Lab

    Health and

    Safety Lab

    High-Head

    Pilot Facility

    Clean

    Analytical

    Lab

    Landscape

    Architecture

    Phyto-

    Reclamation

    Lab

    Soil

    Science

    Lab

    Sustainable

    Mining

    Lab

    Hydrogeology

    Lab

    Geothermal

    Research

    Lab

    Heap

    Leaching

    Lab

    Ventilation

    Lab

    Microbiology

    Lab

    Mine Design

    Lab

    Mercury

    Remediation

    Lab

    Passive

    ARD

    Wetlands

    Greenhouse

    Mineral

    Processing

    Lab

    Microseismics

    Lab

    Rock

    Mechanics

    Lab

    Environmental

    Simulation

    Lab

    Surface

    Chemistry

    Lab

    Comminution

    Research

    Lab

    Management Plan for CCRSM

    • * Dean of Applied Science, Head of UBC-Mining, CCRSM Director, representatives from all Emerald and Diamond Corporate Sponsors

    Board of

    Directors*

    Steering

    Committee

    Advisory

    Committee

    Research

    Director

    CCRSM

    BBFRS


    Sponsorship fees

    Sponsorship Fees

    Emerald (Green)$250,000 or more

    Diamond (White)$100,000 - $199,999

    Ruby (Red)$ 50,000 - $ 99,999

    Sapphire (Blue)$ 25,000 - $ 49,999

    Donor<$25,000

    Friend<$ 2,000


    Operations maintenance budget summary

    Operations & Maintenance Budget Summary

    • Costs Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5

    • Personnel 318,000 327,540 337,366 347,487 357,912

    • Supplies 85,000 87,550 90,176 92,882 95,668

    • Maintenance and repairs 80,000 82,400 84,872 87,418 90,041

    • Services 35,000 36,050 37,131 38,246 39,393

    • Other (specify) 35,000 42,000 50,400 60,480 72,576

    • Fellowship Program

    • Total$553,000$575,540$599,945$626,513$655,590

    • Funding Sources Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5

    • Institutional contributions 433,000 451,940 472,638 495,385 520,529

    • Other organizations 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000

    • User fees 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000

    • Other (specify) 60,000 63,600 67,308 71,127 75,061

    • Research O/H & Service Fees

    • Total$553,000$575,540$599,946$626,512$655,590


    Research project types

    Research Project Types

    • Research Overheads of 5% will be charged on all research.

    • Four types of projects and their typical funding levels are planned as shown below:

    • Type of Project MajorSite-Specific Broad Scope Development Study

    • Approx. Unit Cost$100,000 $50,000 $25,000 $7,276

    • Overheads (5%) $ 5,000 $ 2,500 $ 1,250 $ 364

    • Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5

    • Project Type No. AmountNo. AmountNo. AmountNo. Amount No. Amount

    • Major 0 $ 0 1 $ 5,000 2 $10,000 3 $15,000 4 $20,000

    • Site-Specific 5 $12,500 3 $ 7,500 2 $ 5,000 1 $ 2,500 1 $ 2,500

    • Broad Scope 5 $ 6,250 6 $ 7,500 6 $ 7,500 6 $ 7,500 4 $ 5,000

    • Develop. Study 8 $ 2,910 10 $ 3,638 11 $ 4,002 12 $ 4,366 12 $ 4,366

    • Fees for Service - $38,500 - $39,655 - $40,845 - $42,070 - $43,332

    • Total 18 $60,160 20 $63,293 21 $67,347 22 $71,436 21 $75,198


    Acquisition plan

    Acquisition Plan


    Benefits to canada and b c

    Benefits to Canada and B.C.

    • Canadian Mining is recognized as second to none

      • (but research competition from Australia by AMIRA is fierce)

    • Strengthen reputation of environmental protection

      • (by emphasizing global approach to Sustainable Mining)

    • Commitment to Sustainable Mining is essential

      • (to keep our industry competitive and in demand)

    • Create facilities to integrate "soft" and "hard“ research

      • (Technical and Socio-Political issues must be exchanged)

    • Complement the Laurentian University initiative (Centre of Excellence in Mining)

      • (provide collaboration across Canada in Mining Innovations)


    Concluding remarks

    Concluding Remarks

    • CCRSM Project

    • Performance of CERM3

    • Research Team

    • Extensive Collaborations

    • Research Scope & Quality

    • Infrastructure

    • Industry Support

    • Plan to train HQP

    • Benefits to Canada

    • -Bold Innovative Concept

    • -Spectacular

    • -Highest Quality

    • - Strengthened

    • -Extraordinary

    • -Essential

    • -Extensive

    • -Effective & Needed

    • -Clear & Significant


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