INTEREST GROUPS. … an organization or people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF RETIRED PERSONS. NATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATION. PEOPLE FOR THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS.
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… an organization or people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals
1. While political parties fight their battles in the electoral process, interest groups do not seek to get their members elected
2. Interest groups are often policy specialists, whereas political parties are policy generalists
3. Unlike political parties, interest groups do not face the constraint imposed by trying to appeal to everyone
“Do interest groups and lobbying create problems for government?”
Three theories to answer this question:
Therefore: lobbying is open to all and is positive.
Therefore: lobbying is a problem because it benefits the few at the expense of the many.
Therefore: lobbying results in contradictory and confusing public policies.
Smallergroups are more likely to achieve their goals than large groups.
“Why should I, a potential member, become an actual member … if I’ll benefit anyways?”
“Why should I work for a group, pay dues, give time and energy, etc. when I get the advantages without doing anything?”
Top Groups, according to ‘power’: