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Research Report Jude Wallace. Even the most basic comparison of LAS performance indicates how the streamlined systems do better. We are using . Research was a journey principally to identify a National Vision for LAS in Australia, and

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Research Report

Jude Wallace


Even the most basic comparison of LAS performance indicates how the streamlined systems do better.

We are using


Research was a journey principally to how the streamlined systems do better.

identify a National Vision for LAS in Australia, and

show our European visitors the Australian achievements in web based solutions.

Simple ideas met –

technology issues

institutional issues

historical issues

The story is organised because of our partners and their contributions, particularly Professor Stig Enemark. I am still changing my ideas and keeping a wide open horizon.

Professors Ian Williamson and the researchers at the Centre are the key to success of this project. It has been a joint intellectual and administrative exercise.


  • Starting point how the streamlined systems do better.

  • To build an explanation of how modern land markets work? What makes some countries run successful markets?

  • Half the story : De Soto The Mystery of Capital–

  • We passport land: we give it an identity.

  • PS, we do not passport “land”, but abstract “rights” in land.

  • Other half of the story:

  • We also need -

    • Cognitive capacity

    • Trust and confidence in government

    • Mutually reasonable arrangements in public and private sectors




The World Bank, out of land.Doing Business in 2005, Removing Obstacles to Growth, figure page 39, figure 3.7.


Table 5.8, page 39 out of land.


wealth acceleration tools out of land. used in developed land markets

Corporatisation - ability of business to separate risk from capital, debt from equity – for protection of creditors

Securitisation - ability to convert balance sheet asset into liquid funds and create another layer of commodities

Separation - ability to separate ownership and management, benefit entitlement from capital input, layers of interests in same land or resources

The systems used to build these capacities mix private and public sectors. The LAS is the essential foundation of their success.

The more streamlined the LAS, the better the wealth acceleration capacity of the complex property market.



SOCIAL VALUES out of land.

Housing ‘bubble’ doubled household wealth between 1998 and 2004.

Predictions for market correction are common in 2005.

“ABN AMRO's research found that almost two-thirds of Australian household wealth is now in housing, with a market value of $3.2 trillion - almost six times households' annual income.

Over the past 45 years, the value of housing has, on average, been just three-and-a-half times household income, and for much of that period interest rates were as low as now or lower.

While 64 per cent of Australian households' wealth was in real estate, just 6 per cent was in ownership of shares, the bank said.

Another 18 per cent was in superannuation, 8 per cent in cash or bank deposits, and 3 per cent in cars and other durables.”

Graphic Nathaneal Scott,

Tim Colbatch, The Age, 4 July 05.


Environmental sustainability
Environmental sustainability? out of land.

How do LAS deliver sustainability?


The Land Management Paradigm out of land.

(Enemark and others 2005)


TRANSFER Data_Catalogue; out of land.

MODEL Basic_Data_Set

DOMAIN

LKoord = COORD2 480000.000 70000.000

840000.000 300000.000;

HKoord = COORD3 480000.000 70000.000 0.000

840000.000 300000.000 5000.000;

Height = DIM1 0.000 5000.000;

Precision = [0 .. 300];

Reliability = (yes, no);

LetterOrientation = GRADS 0.0 400.0;

Status = (planned, valid);

TOPIC Control_Points =

.........

END Control_Points;

TOPIC Land_Cover =

.........

END Land_Cover;

TOPIC Ownership =

DOMAIN

Monumentation = (border_stone, plastic_peg, cross,

not_monumented);

OwnershipType = (parcel, distinct_right,

construction_right, water_source_

right);

TABLE LimitPoint =

OSKey: OPTIONAL -> OwnershipMaintenance;

Identifier: OPTIONAL TEXT*12;

Geometry: LKoord;

PositionPrecision: Precision;

PositionReliability: Reliability;

Origin: OPTIONAL TEXT*30;

SymbolOrientation: OPTIONAL LetterOrientation;

!! Default: 0.0

IDENT

Geometry;

END LimitPoint;

END Ownership.

END Basic_Data_Set.

Control points

Land cover

Single objects

Heights

Local names

Ownership

Pipelines >5bar

Administrative subdivisions

8 Information Layers

(Possibility to realise the layers separately)

Data Model (UML)

(Entity-Relationship-Diagram)

Data Description Language INTERLIS

(system independent)

With this method of data modelling, the use and exchange of AV93 data is independent from the used GIS or software system.

Technical Elements

Standardized data modelling and cadastral data definition (introduced in 1993)


Source focused LAS out of land.

Land administration activities

Building control

Utility management

Land market support

Registration

Restrictions

Land Tax

….the rest

Development

Valuation

Basic spatial information

Parcels

Properties

Buildings

Values

Zones/uses

Addresses


Spatially enabling government out of land.

Spatial administration activities

Building control

Utility management

Land market support

Registration

Restrictions

Land Tax

….the rest

Development

Valuation

Basic spatial information

Parcels

Properties

Buildings

Values

Zones/uses

.

.

.

Addresses - People/time/place/activity/interest


Land administration activities out of land.

Restrictions

Building control

Land market support

Utility management

Registration

Land Tax

….the rest

Development

Valuation

Basic spatial information

Parcels

Properties

Buildings

Values

Zones/uses

.

.

.

SPATIALLY ENABLING GOVERNMENT

Addresses - People times places activities interests

Mesh blocks – 60 parcels

Analytical geo-coded spaces

Properties and their geo-coded addresses - GNAF

Digital definition of “WHERE” is now possible

EMERGING LAND ACCOUNTING ENGINE

Accounting system goes into our Land Management Paradigm


Modern governments create new kinds of information about land

Relative land information

Socio/legal constructs, aspatial, abstract, dispersed, volatile, invisible, but visualisable

Traditional land information

Stable, objective, scientifically proveable, observable



UNEP Global Reporting Principles, land Sustainability Reporting Guidelines, 2002


GRI Indicators: land

Environmental: an organisation’s impact on living and non-living natural systems including eco-systems, land air and water

Social: an organisation’s impact on social systems in which it operates

How many LAS organisations can sign off on these indicators?



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