Ap unit iii d
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AP Unit III D. 2. Forces on current carrying wires in magnetic fields. Students should understand the force exerted on a current carrying wire in a magnetic field, so they can:

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AP Unit III D

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Ap unit iii d

AP Unit III D

2. Forces on current carrying wires in magnetic fields


Ap unit iii d

  • Students should understand the force exerted on a current carrying wire in a magnetic field, so they can:

  • a) Calculate the magnitude and direction of the force on a straight segment of current carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.

  • b) Indicate the direction of the magnetic forces on a current carrying LOOP of wire in a magnetic field and determine how the loop will tend to rotate as a consequence of these forces.

  • c) Calculate the magnitude and direction of the torque experienced by a rectangular loop of wire carrying a current in a magnetic field


Ap unit iii d

x means magnetic field B going INTO paper

. means field coming out of paper

x

x

x

e

x

x

x

- ve

+ ve

Conventional Current

Direction of force given by Fleming’s Left hand Motor Rule – thuMb – Motion, First finger – field (pointing towards south), seCond finger – current


Current in rectangular loops

- ve

+ ve

Current in Rectangular Loops

-

Which way will the loop turn?

This is the motor effect.

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Top view

+

Side view


Motor

Motor


Ap unit iii d

The force (F) on the wire is equal to the magnetic field strength B x current I x length of wire L. (F= BIL) A charge moving in a magnetic field will also undergo a force. The force F is equal to the magnetic field strength B x charge Q x velocity of charge v (F= BQv)

  • What is the force on a wire of 10 meters long with a current of 2 amps in a field of 6 x 10-4 Teslas.

  • What is the force on an electron in a magnetic field of 4 T traveling at 3 x 103 m/s.

  • What direction will it move in.


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