Child Health in India. By Vikash Moderator: Dr. Chetna Maliye. Introduction & History: History of Child health services in India. Major Milestones for child health in India. Child Health Statistics: Indicators of Survival Mortality Statistics:
Child Health in India
Dr. Chetna Maliye
The story of India is one of growth, gains and gaps. With an economy that is going from strength to strength, benefiting from the demographic dividend of a young and growing workforce, this largest democracy of the world is also home to the largest number of children in the world. With this growth come real gains for India’s children and women.
The situation of Children in India - A Profile, UNICEF, India, May 2011
Income levels and
Figure 1: proportion of LBW
National Family Health survey – 3, IIPS, Mumbai, 2006.
Figure 2:Proportion of ever Breast fed and initiation of breast feeding (NFHS -3)
Figure – 3: types of prelacteal feeding (NFHS -3)
Figure- 5: Immunization coverage
Figure -8: ARI, Fever and Diarrhea cases
Figure- 12A & B: Trends of Neonatal Mortality (Source -8)
Before 1961 census:
1969: To reduce birth rate from 35 per thousand to 32 per thousand by the end of 4th Five year plan.
Programme Renamed as Family Welfare Programme:
There after the programme continually ran as voluntary programme.
To prevent death due to dehydration caused by diarrheal diseases among children less than 5 years of age.
Overall aim is to reduce infant, child and maternal mortality,
Reduce IMR to 30/1000 live births
Reduce IMR to 30/1000 by the year 2010.
The objectives of the newborn and child health strategy:
Breastfeeding and complementary feeding:
Promotion of Exclusive Breast Feeding and appropriate Complementary feeding.
Therefore, a comprehensive immunization plan will be required.
Trained Person at Institutional
IPHS / Capacity Building Of Staff
Strengthening facilities for care of newborn infants and children
CHCs and FRUs will be strengthened.
Strengthening of health infrastructure
Uninterrupted availability of drugs and supplies
High quality supervision and monitoring
Ownership of the state and district level program managers
Build linkages to address emerging threats to child health (urbanization and children with special needs)