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Steps to a Healthier You & Your Students Too!. Washington State Dairy Council. Plans for today. Discuss the history and background of Dietary Guidelines and federal food guidance systems Review their basic recommendations Consider simple ways to put their messages into practice

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steps to a healthier you your students too

Steps to a Healthier You & Your Students Too!

Washington State

Dairy Council

plans for today
Plans for today
  • Discuss the history and background of Dietary Guidelines and federal food guidance systems
  • Review their basic recommendations
  • Consider simple ways to put their messages into practice
  • Make learning fun
dietary guidelines for americans 2005
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005
  • Basis for Federal Nutrition Policy
  • Scientifically based
  • Updated every 5 years by the US Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Agriculture (USDA)
dietary guidelines for americans 20054
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005
  • Provides 41 “key recommendations”
  • Places a stronger focus than past guidelines on:
    • Eating nutrient-dense foods, but staying within calorie needs
    • Engaging more frequently in physical activity
  • Communicated to the public via the Food Guidance System
look familiar
Look Familiar?

Food for Young Children

1992

1916

1940s

1970s

2005

1950s-1960s

mypyramid
MyPyramid
  • Based on science
  • Based on Dietary Guidelines
  • Focuses on food
  • Created by Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion of the USDA
important components
Important Components

Activity

Moderation

Personalization

Proportionality

Variety

Gradual

Improvement

message variety
Message: Variety
  • Color bands represent that all food groups are needed each day for health
message proportionality
Message: Proportionality
  • Differing widths of the color bands suggest about how much food should be eaten from each group
message moderation
Message: Moderation
  • Food group bands narrow from bottom to top suggesting to eat nutrient-dense forms of foods
message physical activity
Message: Physical Activity
  • Steps and person on them symbolize that physical activity should be a part of everyday healthy living
additional messages in the mypyramid graphic to foster implementation
Additional Messages in the MyPyramid GraphicTo foster implementation

Personalization:

  • The name “MyPyramid” suggests an individual approach
  • The person climbing the steps mentally links each viewer to the image

Gradual Improvement:

  • The slogan “Steps to a Healthier You” suggests that improvement should happen in stages, over time
reasons for revising updating the science
Reasons for Revising—Updating the Science
  • To ensure that the guidance reflects the latest nutrition science:
    • New nutrient standards called the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI)
    • New Dietary Guidelines
    • Food consumption and composition data
reasons for revising improving implementation
Reasons for Revising—Improving Implementation
  • To improve the Pyramid’s effectiveness with consumers:
    • Motivational tools—new graphic and slogan
    • Educational tools—education framework, consumer messages, website, and interactive tools
dietary guidelines 2005
Dietary Guidelines 2005
  • Key Topic Areas:
    • Adequate nutrients within calorie needs
    • Weight management
    • Physical activity
    • Food groups to encourage
    • Fats
    • Carbohydrates
    • Sodium and Potassium
    • Alcoholic Beverages
    • Food Safety
adequate nutrients within calorie needs
Adequate Nutrients Within Calorie Needs
  • Eat a variety of nutrient-dense foods and beverages from the Five Food Groups, while limiting intake of saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, salt and alcohol
  • Follow a balanced eating pattern (i.e. MyPyramid or DASH Meal Plan)
weight management
Weight Management
  • Keep body weight in a healthy range
  • Balance calories in with calories out for maintenance
  • Increase physical activity and eat fewer calories for weight loss
physical activity
Physical Activity
  • Be active to promote health, mental well-being and maintain a healthy weight
  • Disease risk reduction=30 min/day
  • Weight management= 60 min/day
  • Variety of activities (stretching, cardiovascular, resistance exercises)
food groups to encourage
Food Groups to Encourage
  • Focus on Fruits
    • 2 cups/day
  • Vary your veggies
    • 2.5 cups/day
  • Get your calcium-rich foods
    • 3 cups/day of fat-free or low fat milk or equivalent milk products
  • Make half your grains whole
    • 3 or more ounce-equivalents
  • Go lean with protein
    • Choose lean meats and poultry
slide25
Fats
  • 10% of calories from saturated fat
  • <300 mg/day of cholesterol
  • Keep trans fat consumption low
  • Total fat intake 20-35% of calories
  • Focus on polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat sources
    • Fish, nuts, vegetable oils
carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
  • Seek out fiber-rich options
  • Select and prepare foods/beverages with little added sugars or caloric sweeteners
  • Practice good oral hygiene
sodium and potassium
Sodium and Potassium
  • Less than 2300 mg of sodium/day
    • Approximately 1 tsp of salt
  • Select and prepare foods with little salt
  • Make potassium-rich food selections
    • Fruits, vegetables and dairy products
alcoholic beverages
Alcoholic Beverages
  • Drink alcohol sensibly and in moderation
    • Up to 1 drink/day for women
    • Up to 2 drinks/day for men
  • Consider situations in which alcohol should not be consumed and avoid it (i.e. pregnancy, drug interactions, driving, etc.)
food safety
Food Safety
  • To avoid foodborne illness:
    • Wash hands, preparation surfaces and fruits and vegetables (not meat or poultry)
    • Separate raw, cooked and ready-to-eat foods
    • Cook foods to a safe temperature
    • Chill perishable foods promptly and defrost properly
    • Avoid unpasteurized milk and juices, raw or partially cooked eggs, raw or undercooked meats, and raw sprouts
grains
Grains
  • Eat at least 3 ounces of whole grain bread, cereal, rice, crackers or pasta daily
  • Look for “whole”before the grain name on the list of ingredients
what are whole grains
What are “WHOLE” Grains
  • Whole wheat
  • Whole oats/oatmeal
  • Whole-grain corn
  • Popcorn
  • Brown/wild rice
  • Whole rye
  • Whole-grain barley
  • Buckwheat
  • Bulgur (cracked wheat)
vegetables
Vegetables
  • Eat more dark green vegetables
  • Eat more orange vegetables
  • Eat more dry beans and peas
dark green vegetables
Bok choy

Broccoli

Collard greens

Dark leafy lettuce

Kale

Mustard greens

Romaine lettuce

Spinach

Turnip greens

Watercress

Mesclun

Dark Green Vegetables
orange vegetables
Orange Vegetables
  • Hubbard squash
  • Pumpkin
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Acorn squash
  • Butternut squash
  • Carrots
dry beans and peas
Black beans

Black-eyed peas

Garbanzo beans

Kidney beans

Lentils

Lima beans

Navy beans

Pinto Beans

Split peas

Tofu

White beans

Dry Beans and Peas
fruits
Fruits
  • Eat a variety of fruit
  • Choose fresh, frozen, canned or dried fruit
  • Go easy on fruit juices
slide38
Milk
  • Go low-fat or fat-free
  • If you don’t or can’t consume milk, choose lactose-free products or other calcium sources
slide39
Oils
  • Know your fats
    • Make most of your fat sources from fish, nuts and vegetable oils
    • Limit solid fats like butter, stick margarine, shortening and lard
meat and beans
Meat and Beans
  • Choose low-fat or lean meats and poultry
  • Bake it, broil it, or grill it
  • Vary your choices--with more fish, beans, peas, nuts and seeds
discretionary calories
Discretionary Calories
  • These are “extra” or “luxury” calories that can be used for:
    • Additional servings from the Five Food Groups
    • Higher calorie choices within food groups (i.e. sausage vs. lean beef)
    • Calories from solid fats, added sugars and alcohol
discretionary calories42
Discretionary Calories
  • Are only available when one chooses low-fat and no-sugar-added types of foods from the Five Food Groups
  • Discretionary calorie allowances range from 100-300 calories depending on calorie needs and activity level
physical activity43
Physical Activity
  • Find your balance between food and physical activity
    • Be physically active for at least 30 minutes most days of the week
    • Children and teenagers should be physically active for 60 minutes every day, or most days
remember the basics
Remember the Basics
  • Focus on fruits
  • Vary your veggies
  • Get your calcium-rich foods
  • Make half your grains whole
  • Go lean with protein
pull out labels
Pull Out Labels
  • Compare different forms of fruit (canned, dried, fresh, juices)
  • Consider which foods are higher in calcium
  • Look for “whole” grains
  • View fat contents of meat, fish and beans
label resources
Label Resources
  • Dairy Council Food Models
  • Nutrition Facts Labels on food packaging
  • “Calcium Facts” bookmark
create collages
Create Collages
  • Use pictures to reinforce key messages
    • MyPyramid collage
    • Vegetables--what qualify as “Dark Green Vegetables”
    • Whole grains
    • Portions/servings
  • Collage Resources
    • Dairy Council Food Models
    • Magazines
    • Food packaging
    • Actual food
mini poster large poster ordering
Mini Poster/Large Poster Ordering
  • Send an e-mail to:
    • [email protected]
    • State that you are an educator
    • You will receive a 50-page tear pad of mini posters, a large poster and an information sheet for FREE!
dairy council resources
Dairy Council Resources
  • MyPyramid magnets
    • $0.30
    • #DC57
  • MyPyramid stickers
    • 60 stickers
    • $2.00
    • #DC88
  • www.eatsmart.org
mypyramid tracker
MyPyramid Tracker

A tool for those desiring a more advanced analysis of their food intake and physical activity

sources for presentation
Sources for Presentation
  • www.healthierus.gov/dietaryguidelines/
    • Toolkit for Health Professionals
    • Key Recommendations
    • Media Graphics
  • www.mypyramid.gov
    • For Professionals (MyPyramid—USDA’s New Food Guidance Systempeer-to-peer presentation)
    • Graphics Resources
    • Inside the Pyramid
  • Dairy Council Digest, Vol. 76, No. 3
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