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Spiritual Growth in Counseling and Supervision . Dana Wicker, Ph.D. Lori Moore, Ph.D. Candidate Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, TX. Religion versus Spirituality. Religion – beliefs, values and practices of various established religions (Shafranske & Malony, 1990)

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Spiritual Growth in Counseling and Supervision

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Spiritual Growth in Counseling and Supervision

Dana Wicker, Ph.D.

Lori Moore, Ph.D. Candidate

Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, TX


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Religion versus Spirituality

  • Religion – beliefs, values and practices of various established religions (Shafranske & Malony, 1990)

  • Spirituality – a relationship of our embodied selves to God that has the natural and irrepressible effect of making us alive to the Kingdom of God (Willard, 1990)

  • While these terms are not interchangeable, they are not mutually exclusive.


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The Christian Counselor

  • “A deeply committed, Spirit-guided (and Spirit-filled), servant of Jesus Christ

  • who applies his or her God-given abilities, skills, training, knowledge, and insight


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“The counselor has a deep faith; counsels with excellence; holds a Christian world view; is guided by Christian values in choosing the means, goals, and motivations of counseling; actively seeks the presence and work of God; and actively utilizes spiritual interventions and resources within ethical guidelines.”

(Bufford, 1997)


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Clinton and Ohlschlager propose that Christian counselors have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

(Competent Christian Counseling)


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Christian Counseling have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • Unique Assumptions

  • Unique Goals

  • Unique Methods

  • Unique Counselor Characteristics

    (Collins, 1988)


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Supervision have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

An intervention provided by a more senior member of a profession to a more junior member or members of that same profession. This relationship is evaluative, extends over time, and has the simultaneous purposes of enhancing the professional functioning of the more junior person(s), monitoring the quality of professional services offered to the client(s) she, he, or they see(s), and serving as a gatekeeper of those who are to enter the particular profession. (Bernard and Goodyear: Fundamentals of Clinical Supervision, 1998)


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Christian Supervision have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • An additional purpose for a Christian supervisory relationship is to mentor the junior member by modeling a spiritual walk and aiding the supervisee in his or her spiritual walk and growth.


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Learning Objectives have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • Identify spiritual growth themes relevant to the Christian counselor and supervisor.

  • Learn to apply specific exercises of spiritual growth themes in counseling and supervision

  • Develop supervisory or counseling strategies to balance clinical competency and spiritual growth.


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SPIRITUAL GROWTH AND COUNSELOR SUPERVISION have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.


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What is Spiritual Growth? have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Spiritual Growth as the Process of Sanctification

Romans 12:2 ~ Colossians 1:9-12 ~ I Thessalonians 4:3-9


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Sanctification have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

FUTURE

We Will Be Completely Sanctified

1Thess 5:23; 1 John: 3:2

PRESENT

We are Being Sanctified

Phil 3:12-14.

PROGRESSIVE SANCTIFICATION

PAST

We Were Sanctified

1 Cor. 6: 11


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Progressive Sanctification have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

DEFINED:

“The concept is not of sin being totally eradicated or merely counteracted, but of a divinely wrought character change freeing us from sinful habits and forming in us Christlike affections, dispositions, and virtues.” J. I. Packer


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The Growth Process have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Coral Reefs


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Sanctification have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Goal of Sanctification: The Model of Christ

The Profile of Christ ~ Galatians 5:22 Love, Joy, Peace, Patience, Kindness, Goodness, Faithfulness, Gentleness, and Self Control

Sanctification Joined by Love 1 Thess. 4:7-10; I Cor. 13:4-10 Patient and Kind Not: jealous, bragging, arrogant, unbecoming in action, self seeking, provoked, or rejoicing in unrighteousness Forgiving Rejoices with truth Perseveres, Hopes, and Endures


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Human Pursuit Phil 3:12-17 have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Appropriation

Pursuing God’s Truth

Self-examination

Following the model of others

Yielding self to God

Divine Grace

The Cross

God’s Power

Phil 2:12-13

God’s Truth

John 17:17

Holy Spirit

Gal 5:17-22; Rom 8:2

Means of Sanctification

(Evans & Coder, 1998)


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FACILITATING SPIRITUAL GROWTH have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Relationship is Crucial to Effective Supervision


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Loving have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Joyful

Peaceful

Patient

Kind

Good

Faithful

Gentle

Self Controlled

Not: jealous, bragging, arrogant, unbecoming in action, self seeking, provoked, or rejoices in unrighteousness

Forgiving

Rejoices with truth

Perseverant, Hopeful, and Endures

Characteristics of Christ


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Blessing have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Perfectionist

Anxiety Prone

Bull in China Cabinet

Laissez Faire

Under No Authority

Eager Beaver

7 Types of Supervisees


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Human & Divine Shaping have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.


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Human & Divine Shaping have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Honed

Stretched

Into the Image of Christ


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Every Supervisee is Uniquely Created in God’s Image have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • Spiritual Mapping

    • A Chronological Timeline

    • Symbolizes positive and negative spiritually significant events that may impact the therapeutic process

    • Narrative Approach


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Spiritual Mapping Example have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Began Dealing with Abuse Issues

Married

Children

Dad Died

Closer Walk with God

Saved

Healing


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Balancing Spiritual Growth & Competence have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.


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Supervision: A Paradigm Shift have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • Maintaining a Counselor Versus Client Mentality

    • Pitfalls of a client mentality

      • Missing growth opportunities

      • Overwhelming the counselor with instruction

      • Unethical focus on the counselor as a client


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Bernard’s Discrimination Model have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • Advantages

    • Addresses Supervisee Uniqueness

    • Shared Supervisory Language

    • Accommodates Theory & Spirituality

    • Means of Evaluation

    • Direction & Purposeful Supervision


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Foci have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

Conceptualization Skills - underlying processes & related theory

Intervention Skills - what the counselor does in session from start to finish

Personalization Skills- Personal contributions: traits, history, beliefs, culture, etc.

Supervisory Focus & Roles


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Supervisory Focus & Roles have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • Roles

    • Teacher - Determines and fulfills educational needs

    • Counselor - Addresses interpersonal meaning of session events or personal issues influencing therapeutic process (i.e. anxiety or doubt)

    • Consultant - Shared Responsibility/Resource & Brainstorming


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Conceptualization Skills & Spiritual Growth have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.(Adapted from Polanski,2003)

  • Essential spiritual growth themes

  • Integration of spiritual growth themes, history, & current functioning

  • Influence of spiritual beliefs on current issues

  • Client spiritual growth, theological understanding, & counseling theory

    • Ideological consistency

  • Intervention formulation


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Intervention Skills & Spiritual Growth have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.(Adapted from Polanski,2003)

  • Spiritual growth assessment

  • Level of engagement

  • Skills employed to establish therapeutic relationship

  • Use of self

  • Type and execution of interventions

  • Ethical practices & sensitivity


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Personalization Skills & Spiritual Growth have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.(Adapted from Polanski,2003)

  • Competency to handle personal reactions

  • Self awareness of spiritual events or beliefs that hinder or enhance therapy

  • Self awareness of unique expression of Christ’s character

  • Identification & resolution of resistance, anxiety, or avoidance

  • Continued personal spiritual growth


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Practicing the Presence of God have a Paracentric focus. Counselors need to yield to the Paraklete of God, the Holy Spirit, and be single-mindedly focused on Christ.

  • being aware of the constant companionship of God,

  • Hebrew lif-nei “to the face of”, Greek en-o-pi-on “in the face”

  • The abstract concept of presence is conveyed in the concrete image of facing another. (Words of Worship, iWorship Daily Devotional Bible p119)


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Thus the Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friends.

Exodus 33:11 NAS


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Reasons to Practice the Presence of God a man speaks to his friends.

  • Reality is God is with us.

    • God is omnipresent – 1 Kings 8:27, Psalm139:7-10, Isaiah 66:1, Jeremiah 23:23 Acts 7:48, 17:24

    • As Spirit-filled Christians God is with us, individually and personally – John 14:16-17, John 16-7


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a man speaks to his friends.

We are always in the presence of God. We never leave church. There is never a nonsacred moment.”

Max Lucado in iWorship Daily Devotional Bible


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Reasons to Practice the Presence of God a man speaks to his friends.

  • Throughpracticing God’s presence we experienceGod’s wisdom, guidance, power and comfort.

    • Experiencing God’s presence is not just head knowledge.

    • Wisdom - John 14:26


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  • Guidance - Romans 8:14 a man speaks to his friends.

  • Power - I Corinthians 2:4, 2 Corinthians 3:17, Luke 24:49, Act 1:8

  • Comfort - Acts 9:31.


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Reasons to Practice the Presence of God a man speaks to his friends.

  • Through practicing God’s presence we more easily hear Him during our counseling sessions. By practicing God’s presence we are already tuned to hearing Him throughout the day not just when we counsel.


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Reasons to Practice the Presence of God a man speaks to his friends.

  • Practicing God’s presence is a way of showing God our love for Him.

    • Matthew 22:37 You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your mind.

    • Believe me count as lost each day you have not used in loving God. (Brother Lawrence p. 35)


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Ways of Practicing God’s Presences a man speaks to his friends.

  • Journaling - keeping a record of times when one was particularly aware of God’s presence, or answering a series of questions designed to aid in personal exploration.

    • When was a time that you were particularly aware of God’s presence?


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  • Meditating presence?

    • On God’s Word - Psalm 1:2

    • On God’s Works that you observed - Luke 2:51

  • Pray without ceasing - 1Thessalonians 5:17


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  • Singing or listening to Christian music – Ephesians 5:12 of prayer and in the noise and clatter of my kitchen, while several persons are together calling for as many different things, I possess God in as great tranquility as when upon my knees at the blessed Sacrament”

  • Spending time in solitude – Matthew 4:1, Mark 1:35, Matthew 26:38-42

    • To hear the voice of God better

    • To express worship to God

    • To express faith in God

    • To seek the salvation of the Lord

    • To be physically and spiritually restored

    • To regain spiritual perspective

    • To seek the will of God (Whitney,1991)


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Questions to Ponder of prayer and in the noise and clatter of my kitchen, while several persons are together calling for as many different things, I possess God in as great tranquility as when upon my knees at the blessed Sacrament”

  • Am I religious or spiritual in the supervisory process?

  • Have I taken the time to develop a theology of spiritual growth?

  • Have I constructed a theory of counseling that aligns with my theology?

  • Are there events in my own life that have drawn me to God grace or hardened me to sin?


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Supervision is a Privilege human and divine means?


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