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Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM). Integrating climate change concerns into EU development cooperation policy Nicolien van der Grijp. Outline. EU development cooperation in distributional terms Landmarks in EU development cooperation policy

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Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM)

Integrating climate change concerns into EU development cooperation policy

Nicolien van der Grijp


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Outline

  • EU development cooperation in distributional terms

  • Landmarks in EU development cooperation policy

  • Linking EU development cooperation and climate change

  • EU Strategy and Action Plan (2004-2008)

  • Assessment of current state-of-affairs

  • Options for improvement


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EU development cooperation in distributional terms

  • EU collectively accounts for 55% of OECD development assistance

  • Division: European Commission 20%, member states 80%

  • Major contributors in absolute terms: Germany, France, and the UK

  • Major contributors in relative terms: Sweden, Luxembourg, Denmark and the Netherlands

  • Major recipients: ACP countries and Eastern and Southern Mediterranean countries


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Landmarks in EU development cooperation policy

  • Incorporation of development cooperation in the Treaty of European Union (1992)

  • Reform of EU development cooperation policy (2000)

  • European Consensus (2005)

  • Policy Coherence for Development (2005)

  • EU aid: delivering more, faster and better (2006)


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Linking development cooperation and climate change

  • Integration principle in EU environmental policy (1982)

  • Cardiff and Vienna summits (1998)

  • Working document on development cooperation and the new challenges of climate change (1999)

  • EU Strategy and Action plan on climate change in the context of development cooperation (2004)

  • EU report on Policy Coherence for Development (2007)

  • Global Climate Change Alliance (2007)


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EU Strategy and Action Plan (2004-2008)

  • Objective  to assist EU partner countries in meeting the challenges posed by climate change, in particular by supporting them in the implementation of the UNCCC and the Kyoto Protocol

  • Strategic priorities

    • Raising the policy profile of climate change

    • Support for adaptation

    • Support for mitigation and low GHG development paths

    • Capacity building


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Assessment of state-of-affairs

  • Audit of environmental policy integration (2005)

  • Bi-annual evaluation of Action Plan (2007)

  • Comparison of 1st and 2nd generation Country Strategy Papers (CSPs)


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Integration level of climate change concerns in CSPs


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Coverage of mitigation related issues (1)


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Coverage of mitigation related issues (2)


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Coverage of adaptation related issues (1)


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Coverage of adaptation related issues (2)


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Examples of pioneering member states

  • Sweden: SIDA’s position: Climate and Development

  • Denmark: Danish Climate and Development Action Programme

  • Germany: German Climate Protection Programme for Developing Countries

  • UK: DFID key sheets on climate change and development cooperation

  • France: AFD Climate and Development in Africa project


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Options for improvement

  • Political level: High-level endorsement in donor and partner countries

  • Policy level: Clear objectives, targets and timetables

  • Planning level: Climate proofing of CSPs and other partnership documents

  • Project level: Systematic application of impact assessment methodologies

  • All levels: Systematic monitoring and evaluation


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