Make Roads Safe Africa 2009. Tanzania’s Road Safety Programme 2009-2011. Madeni Kipande, Road Safety Unit, Ministry of Infrastructure Development, United Republic of Tanzania. Annual road deaths in Tanzania 2001-2008. Programme components:. Better management of the road safety effort
Tanzania’s Road Safety Programme
Madeni Kipande, Road Safety Unit, Ministry of Infrastructure Development, United Republic of Tanzania
Annual road deaths in Tanzania 2001-2008
The new National Road Safety Policy provides for setting up a Road Safety Board with full-time professional staff and guaranteed funding.
It will direct and coordinate the national road safety programme – but responsibility for traffic law enforcement will remain with the Police, and road safety engineering will continue to be done by the road authorities.
Traffic Police: More effective traffic policing could bring down the number of road deaths faster than anything else. Government is seeking development partners to work with the Police on a major capacity-building programme.
Road authorities: The Tanzania National Roads Agency (TANROADS) is committed to delivering safer roads - it has a small Safety Unit which is seeking to ‘mainstream’ road safety in the organisation. We must now get the local road authorities to be more active.
National Road Safety Policy proposes that this new agency will take responsibility for:
The major cause of most road crashes is bad driving. Ignorance of the rules is a factor, but it is mostly because these drivers have an irresponsible attitude to the safety of others.
The way to change behaviour is by:
Professionally-managed national campaigns combining publicity (TV advertising) with intensive enforcement of traffic law.
Making road users behave more safely:Other actions:
Making road users behave more safely:Preventing bus drivers from speeding
Speeding buses are responsible for the worst crashes (25% of all road deaths are bus passengers).
The fitting of speed limiters on buses failed to control speeds because owners tampered with them.
Current plan is to use tachographs which record the vehicle speed on a card – a Police officer can read the card at the end of the journey and see whether the vehicle has been speeding.
Making roads easier to use, self-enforcing, and more forgiving is highly cost-effective. We need:
Vehicle defects are a relatively minor cause of crashes (10% ?) but we must remove dangerous vehicles from our roads. We need: