Lecture 19 – The “Practical”. Activism. Things. Coffeehaus Sign-Up Sheet on back of Attendance Sheet Artifact Marks Papers. Today: Activism – General to Specific Examples.
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Can we wonder why there is environmental activism?
Where does Environmental Concern Originate? http://www.learner.org/jnorth/images/graphics/s/songbird_migration_lights01.jpg
In the individual? In society? …?
Is environmental concern an “innate” human condition?
What are some signs that this COULD be the case?
What are some signs that this is NOT the case?
What about you…do you remember your own initial environmental concern?As much as we might like to think we did, westerners did not invent environmentalism.
The definition of environmentalism is not “clear-cut” - http://www.learner.org/jnorth/images/graphics/s/songbird_migration_lights01.jpg
Is this environmentalism?
LINK – consider sexuality here
This? – is the body, here, sexualized? Why or why not?
This? – How is gender implicated in this intervention?
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THOSE CLIPS?
WHAT ARE THE SIMILARITIES?
HOW IS “THE LOCAL” ENVIRONMENT and SOCIETY IMPLICATED?
HOW IS THE WIDER WORLD IMPLICATED?
Do you feel implicated in any of these examples? Why? Why Not?Introduction to Environmental Ethics
First Earth Day in 1970, reflected the peak of modern environmental concern…How old were your parents in 1970? Your grandparents?(www.orlock.com)
Environmentalism/ environmental concern is a good thing, environmental concernright?
There is an emerging claim that environmentalism is a passing phase and elitist!
What do you think?
…Boredom with being “green”
+ media taste for something new
+ realization of scope of economic costs to reverse environmental damage
+ “they” are taking care of things (government)
+ social trends, such as environmental concern, come and go
= “compassion fatigue”
So, we cannot easily escape those trappings of Modernity, and ecological modernization cannot help fast or effectively enough with those problems
Aldo Leopold has more value than something else in that or any other environment – 1887-1948
“Land Ethics” Movement
Famous for saying: “Think like a mountain. … A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise. … The land ethic simply enlarges the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, animals, or collectively: the land.”
How does one “think like a mountain?”
What do you make of the stamp illustration?
Who gets to say what beauty is in order to preserve it?
What would our society look like if there were laws against swatting a mosquito?
Who would we choose to govern against sabotage on the commons?
“Deep Ecology” Movement – figured out while wondering about the dynamics of ecological activism
8 main principles: (link)
THINK OF YOUR LOCAL WORLD…AND THE WIDER WORLD:
What is a “vital need?” What isn’t one? Who would decide?
Which nations or groups of people will be expected to be the first to reduce
the number of children they have in order to help other species “flourish?”
What will be the first to go in Economics? Technology?
How do we change our western
standard of living? Do we aim to become more like certain other cultures?
ARE HUMANS ANIMALS? WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS IF WE ARE? THAT IS, ARE WE THEN SUBJECT TO THE CONTROLS WE PLACE ON ANIMALS AT PRESENT?
(gfx.dagbladet.no/kultur/2004/12/06/arne1.jpg)Arne Naess – Norwegian philosopher
Life-changing event 22 years ago in 1985 gave way to an incredible academic and personal journey
“Transpersonal Ecology” Movement about the dynamics of ecological activism
The movement resembles Deep Ecology, only leans toward replacing the personal self with a cosmic self.Warwick Fox
How do we “switch” who we are? How would such a drastic change affect society, your family, community? Your sexuality? Your gender roles?
Plumwood worries that the transformed self is an androcentric self.
Right in our own backyard…Saltsprings, NS about the dynamics of ecological activism
Runs Green Web (link)
8. Social ecology, eco-feminism and eco-marxism, while raising important questions, are all human-centered and consider human-to-human relations within society to be more important and, in the final analysis, determine society's relationship to the natural world. Left biocentrism believes that an egalitarian, non-sexist, non-discriminating society, a highly desirable goal, can still be exploitive towards the Earth.
9. Left biocentrists are "movement greens" in basic orientation. They are critical of existing Green political parties, which have come to an accommodation with industrial society and have no accountability to the deep ecology movement.
BUT: HOW MANY WOMEN ARE IN POLITICS/ABLE TO BE PART OF A “MOVEMENT” IF THEY HAVE CHILDREN…? What kind of membership limitations do men have?David Orton
Gender and the Animal Rights Movement.
1. Start reading A&S on Parsons---keeping in mind his theory about systems
2. SMUO Tindall, D.B., Davies, S. and Mauboules, C. (2003).