What Have We Learned after 5 Years of LEO?
Download
1 / 92

ladies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 224 Views
  • Uploaded on

What Have We Learned after 5 Years of LEO? Oscar Schofield & Scott Glenn Coastal Ocean Observation Lab (COOL) Rutgers University. Science web site http://marine.rutgers.edu/cool. Operational web site http://www.thecoolroom.org.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ladies' - flora


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

What Have We Learned after 5 Years of LEO?Oscar Schofield & Scott Glenn Coastal Ocean Observation Lab(COOL)Rutgers University

Science web site

http://marine.rutgers.edu/cool

Operational web site

http://www.thecoolroom.org


Slide2 l.jpg

Our Partners: Robert Arnone, Trisha Bergmann, Don Barrick, Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

AND John Wilkins

Paul Bissett

Mark Moline

Dale Haidvogel

Scott Glenn

Fred Grassle

Bob Chant

Oscar Schofield

The Jersey Observatory Family


Slide3 l.jpg

What is one of oceanography’s Holy Grails? Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

We need to collect data over decadal scales and over large spatial (10-1000 km) scales so we can define the mean behavior variability and the trends occurring due to natural and anthropogenic changes.

Superimposed on these changes are episodic events,

which impact the physics, chemistry, and biology. Quantifying

the relative importance of these fluctuating properties requires

an adaptive sampling capacity so we can collect

statistics on the importance of the episodic events. This requires

data to be collected for over a decade to assure

that several episodic events are encountered. This will be the key

To define if there is any trended change in response to human

Activity. Until then we will reconciled to debate on AM radio with

Politcal extremists from both sides of the spectrum.

So we need a new to way to observe

the ocean. Ocean observatories

have (hopefully??) evolved to fill this function.


Slide4 l.jpg

Gary Kirkpatrick Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

David Millie

Oscar Schofield

WHY OCEAN OBSERVATORIES?


Slide5 l.jpg

NJSOS Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Our Observatory Experience

SATELLITES

CODAR

LEO-15

Sustained

LEO-CPSE

Integrated


Slide7 l.jpg

LEO-15: A sustained observatory Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

3km x 3km

1996-Present


Slide8 l.jpg

LEO-15: A sustained observatory Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Nor’Easter

Upwellng

25

0

Temperature

Depth (m)

15

15

175

210

Julian Day

>6

0

Chlorophyll a

(mg L-1)

Depth (m)

<2

15

175

210

Julian Day

Succeses

High resolution time series during

summer upwelling

High resolution data sets ideal for

validating 1-D models of sediment transport

Variability in coastal optical properties

Goal is to move into preoperational status, where it does not require a science

team for operation, operations being transferred to staff


Slide9 l.jpg

30 X 30 km LEO CPSE Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

An Integrated Observatory


Slide10 l.jpg

New Jersey Coastal Upwelling Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

July 6, ’98 - AVHRR

July 11, ‘98 - SeaWiFS

Chlor-a (mg/m3)

Temperature oC

19 20 21 22 24

.1 .3 .5 1 2 4

40N

40N

Historical

Hypoxia/Anoxia

Field

Station

Field

Station

LEO

LEO

39N

39N

75W

74W

75W

74W

Barnegat

Cape May


Slide11 l.jpg

SST Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Seasonal temperature

variation is

the primary signal.

Summer

upwelling is 2nd


Slide12 l.jpg

Causes of Hypoxia/Anoxia Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Surface

bloom

wind

SW upwelling

Stratification

favorable wind

Decay

Bacteria

Depletes Oxygen


Slide13 l.jpg

12 m Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

15 m

20 m

25 m

30 m

35 m

40 m

50 m

100 m

500 m

1000m

2500m

Hypoxia/Anoxia & Bottom Bathymetry

Warsh – NOAA

1989


Slide14 l.jpg

Modeled Effect of Bathymetric Variability on Upwelling Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

1 m/s

current

velocity

Along shore

subsurface deltas

cause upwelling to

be 3d, not 2d.

North

wind

Barnegat delta

LEO delta

Cape May delta


Slide15 l.jpg

Courtesy of Hans Graber, Rich Garvine, Bob Chant, Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Andreas Munchow, Scott Glenn and Mike Crowley


Slide16 l.jpg

15m Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

6

North

South


Slide17 l.jpg

Shipboard surveys Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide18 l.jpg

South, offshore flow Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

North

Fluorometer


Slide19 l.jpg

1.0 Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

1

Tidal cycle

Upwelling

Absorption at

440 nm (m-1)

Depth (m)

r2 = .95

r2 = .74

6

0

12

30

60

0

Time (hr)

POC represents potentially

182μmol oxygen/kg

Depleted during an average

upwelling


Slide20 l.jpg

SO WHAT IS AN OCEAN OBSEVRATORY???? Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide21 l.jpg

A Clear Box Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Collaboratory Experiment

Dr. Lisa Covi, Social Psycologist

The COOLroom Operational Collaboratory

COOLroom

Skunk Works

Model

COOLroom

War Room

Model

Evaluate Radical Collocation in

the COOLroom to improve Virtual

Collocation Systems.

Provide guidance for the

Regional Collaboratory


Slide22 l.jpg

# of participating Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

scientists

250

40

40

NOPP & ONR

CPSE

200

30

30

Joint

Sediment Study

150

# of Research Institutions

20

20

Traditional NSF

Ocean Study

100

10

10

50

0

0

0

0

1991

1991

1993

1993

1995

1995

1997

1997

1999

1999

Year


Slide23 l.jpg

Month Long Experimental Effort Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide24 l.jpg

Atmosphere/Ocean Forecast Models Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

3-D visualization

Forecast Briefing

Operational

Low-Res COAMPS

Atmospheric

Model

Experimental

High-Res COAMPS

Atmospheric

Model

Air-Sea Interaction

Model

ROMS

Ocean Model

(KPP and MY 2.5

Turbulent Closure)

Bottom Boundary

Layer Model


Slide25 l.jpg

Real-time Ensemble Forecasts Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide26 l.jpg

Real-Time Ensemble Validation Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

HR COAMPS / ROMS

2

4

6

8

10

12

KPP

Depth (m)

2

4

6

8

10

12

26

24

22

20

18

16

14

12

10

8

Depth (m)

2

4

6

8

10

12

Depth (m)

MY2.5

18

18

18

19

19

19

20

20

20

21

21

21

July, 2001

July, 2001

July, 2001

Thermistor

  • In an observationally rich

  • environment, ensemble forecasts

  • can be compared to real-time data

  • to assess which model is closer to reality

  • and try to understand why.


Slide27 l.jpg

EcoSim Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Bio-Optical Model

Physical/Biological Models

Operational

Low-Res COAMPS

Atmospheric

Model

Experimental

High-Res COAMPS

Atmospheric

Model

Air-Sea Interaction

Model

ROMS

Ocean Model

(KPP and MY 2.5

Turbulent Closure)

Bottom Boundary

Layer Model


Slide28 l.jpg

EcoSim 2.0 Model Formulation Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Air/Sea

CO2

Dust

Physical Mixing and Advection

Light

N2

Iron

CO2

NH4

NO3

PO4

SiO4

Relict

DOM

Cocco-litho-phores

Benthic Flora

Pelagic

Diatoms

Dino-

flagellate

Tricho-desmium

Synecho-

coccus

G. breve

Excreted

DOM

Lysed

DOM

Hetero-

Flagellet

Viruses

Copepod

Ciliates

Bacteria

Sediment

Detritus

Predator

Closure


Slide29 l.jpg

+ Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

ESSE Flow

Diagram

ESSE Smoothing via

Statistical Approximation

^

DY0/N

Field

Initialization

Central

Forecast

^

^

Y0

Ycf(-)

Ymp(-)

Shooting

Sample

Probability

Density

Measurement

Model

OA via

ESSE

Measurement

Model

Select

Best

Forecast

Options/

Assumptions

Mean

SVDp

Performance/

Analysis

Modules

Perturbations

Minimum

Error

Variance

Within Error

Subspace

(Sequential

processing of

Observations)

Adaptive

Error

Subspace

Learning

+

Scalable

Parallel

Ensemble

Forecast

Error Subspace

Initialization

Normalization

Peripherals

Analysis

Modules

Convergence

Criterion

Continue/Stop

Iteration

Breeding

DE0/N

+

DP0/N

-

-

+

Most

Probable

Forecast

+

Synoptic

Obs

A Posteriori

Residules

dr (+)

Historical,

Synoptic,

Future in

Situ/Remote

Field/Error

Observations

d0R0

+

-

-

Data

Residuals

Measurement

Error

Covariance

^

d-CY(-)

Ensemble

Mean

+

+

^

eq{Yj(-)}

Gridded

Residules

^

Y(-)

+

-

^

^

j=1

Y(+)

Y(+)

Y1

Yj

Yq

^

-

Y1

Yj

Yq

+

0

+

-

E(-)

P(-)

^

-

+

0

+

+

-

+/-

^

E0

P0

j=q

0

uj(o,Ip)

with physical

constraints

Continuous

Time Model

Errors Q(t)

Key

Ea(+)

Pa(+)

E(+)

P(+)

Field

Operation

Assumption


Slide30 l.jpg

Phytoplankton off the coast of Florida Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide31 l.jpg

Hindcast sensitivity studies Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Large diatoms

July 31

SeaWiFS

Chlor-a

3

(mg/m

)

.5

2

39:30N

3

Node A

4

UCSB

5

Small diatoms

39:00N

Measured

Total Chlorophyll Measured

3-5 mg Chl a m-3

Diatom Chlorophyll Modeled

2-3 mg Chl a m-3


Slide33 l.jpg

Adaptive Sampling Platforms Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide34 l.jpg

Ship-to-Shore Communications Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide35 l.jpg

Red Tide Observed at 790 nm on 22 July 2000 Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

With the PHILLS Sensor

100 meters


Slide37 l.jpg

Ceratium fusus Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

c

a

b

Bioluminescence Potential

1e6

4e10

Photons/sec/ml

0

6

12

Depth (m)

18

24

a

0

1.0

2.0

Distance (km)


Slide38 l.jpg

Ship Grid Patterns Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

BL Isosurfaces

1E10 ph/s/35L

0

3E11 ph/s/.35L

Depth (m)

15

Latitude

(~5km)

Longitude

(~2km)


Slide39 l.jpg

Single Diver Deploying AUV Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide40 l.jpg

AUV underwater after being deployed Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide41 l.jpg

BL Isosurfaces Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

5E10ph/s/.35L

1E11ph/s/.35L

Depth (m)

Latitude

(~300m)

Longitude

(~500m)


Slide42 l.jpg

Scientists want real-time observational Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

nowcasts and model forecasts ….

DO REAL PEOPLE CARE?


Slide43 l.jpg

Rutgers Web Site Statistics Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Data Type

Other

14%

NODES

13%

CODAR

17%

Gulf Stream

10%

MET

17%

LEO

6%

Non-profit (7%)

Rutgers Web Site Statistics

By Hour

SST 53%

Education (6%)

East Coast

19%

8000

June

General Public

69%

7000

Military &

Government(4%)

July

6000

August

NYB

37%

5000

Average Hourly Hits

September

4000

October

3000

November

2000

MAB

28%

December

1000

January

0

Region

0:00

3:00

6:00

9:00

12:00

15:00

18:00

21:00


Slide44 l.jpg

Where we do go from here? Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

“The very few existing time-series stations paint a compelling picture of important oceanic changes in physics, chemistry and biology. Yet these stations capture the time domain at only a single point. New strategies for observing the appropriate spatial correlation are required.”

-- Ocean Sciences at the New Millennium

Ocean Sciences Decadal Committee 2001


Slide45 l.jpg

Why do we want the spatial correlation? Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Nowcasting & Forecasting

FOR A SINGLE PARTICLE

FOR AN OCEAN OF PARTICLES

Observations

Models

Motivation

  • To get these initial conditions:

  • Modelers like to assimilate maps of coherent array data

  • Modelers do not like to assimilate incoherent time series data


Slide46 l.jpg

New Jersey Shelf Observing System (NJ-SOS) Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

300 X 300 km NJSOS

An Integrated &

Sustained Observatory

Satellites,

RADAR, Gliders


Slide47 l.jpg

International Constellation of Ocean Color Satellites Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

X-Band Earth Observing Satellites

EOS (MODIS) USA 2001

NEMO (COIS) USA 2004

Orbview-2 (SeaWiFS) USA Op.

HY-1 (COCTS/CZI) China 2002

FY1-C (MVISR) China Op.

FY1-D (MVISR) China 2002

IRS-P3 (MOS) India Op.

IRS-P4 (OCM) India Op.

ADEOS-2 Japan 2002

(GLI/POLDER)

ENVISAT(MERIS) Europe 2002


Slide48 l.jpg

o Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann, C 14 18 22 23 24 25 26 27

FY-1D

Temperature

40N

40N

38N

38N

FY-1D

Chlorophyll-a

.1 .3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

mg/m3

36N

36N

66W

66W

74W

74W

70W

70W

FY-1D

Sept. 12, 2002

13:38 GMT


Slide49 l.jpg

Combining the optics and physical Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

features for water mass tagging

Here using a mask of temp and

optics marking water masses

From Oliver (former Mote intern)


Slide50 l.jpg

Phills _bbb555_Arnone Smoothed Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

July 31, 2001


Slide51 l.jpg

SeaWIFS – bb_arnone Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,


Slide52 l.jpg

Measure IOPs using the Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

observation network

Hyperspectral

Systems are coming

Satellites algorithms


Slide53 l.jpg

phcobilin Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Chl b

Chl c

Fig. 3


Slide54 l.jpg

PATTERN RECOGNITION (here HABs) Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Thanks to Gary Kirkpatrick


Slide55 l.jpg

Nested Multi-Static CODAR Array Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Beach

Buoys

Boats


Slide56 l.jpg

Radial Velocity Map Buzz Bernstein, Paul Bissett, Emmanuel Boss, Mike Crowley, Gary Fahnenstiel, Clayton Jones, Gary & Barbara Kirkpatrick, John Kerfoot, Dave Kohler, Steve Lohrenz, Alex Kahl, Josh Kohut, Mark Moline, Dave Millie, Chaya Mugdal, Matthew Oliver, Hugh Roharty, Emily Romanna, Doug Webb, Alan Weidemann,

Brant Beach Site

Brigantine Site

25 km

A

25 cm/s


Slide57 l.jpg

1998 1999 2000 2001

Test



Slide63 l.jpg

GPS Synchronization : Bistatic 2001

Monostatic HF-Radar

Bistatic HF-Radar


Slide64 l.jpg

GPS Synchronization : Bistatic 2001

Ship to Shore

Monostatic

Bistatic



Slide66 l.jpg

GPS Synchronization : Bistatic 2001

Buoy to Shore

Monostatic

Bistatic


Slide67 l.jpg

GPS Synchronization : Bistatic 2001

Ship to Shore

R/V Endeavor

University of Rhode Island


Slide68 l.jpg

R/V Endeavor Cruise Track (12/1/2001 – 12/8/2001) 2001

Standard Bistatic Buoy

Long-range Bistatic


Slide69 l.jpg

GPS Synchronization : Bistatic 2001

Ship to Shore


Slide70 l.jpg

One applied application given 2001

current health and human safety needs,

commerce needs,

and homeland security needs.


Codar detections of r v endeavor from loveladies nj codar site l.jpg
CODAR Detections of R/V Endeavor 2001from Loveladies, NJ CODAR Site

2155

2222

2052

2025

2125


Time range plot l.jpg

Kalman Filter Solution 2001

Track

GPS Track

Time-Range Plot



Slide74 l.jpg

RF Repeater 2001

RV Endeavor Temperature Cross Section - July 27, 2000

Costs

R/V Endeavor - Rental $13 K/day

Slocum Glider - Purchase $85 K

Long-Duration Glider AUVs

ADCP vs. Glider Drift Comparison

Temperature Cross Section

July 19, 2000



Slide76 l.jpg

Ashumet Pond (August 2002) 2001

Glider Mission:

Inital

Blue: glider track

Red: waypoints

Green: calculated water velocity

Black: gps fixes

6

2

Transect 1

5

Optical Backscatter @ 440nm (m-1)

Transect 2

4

3

7

Transect 1

Transect 2


Slide77 l.jpg

How do we build a Smart Glider Fleet? 2001

Use Agent Oriented Software

For self-aware & self-controlled robots

Collaborative Society of Glider Software Agents

KNOWLEDGE

REPRESENTATION

SENSORS

DECISION MAKING

KNOWLEDGE BASE

PLANNING

REASONING

COMMUNICATION

COMMUNICATION

SITUATION

PROTOCOLS

MODELLING

Glider Fleet Mission

Status Panel

NASA’s

Deep Space 1

Fly-by of

Comet Borrelly


Slide78 l.jpg

Okay, NOPP-congressional earmarks-ONR have 2001

built ocean observatories…

How do we link them???


Slide79 l.jpg

NWS Forecast Offices 2001

Seattle, WA

Mount Holly, NJ

  • 121 Offices Nationwide

  • 34 Coastal Offices

Honolulu, HI

Mobile, AL

Are there models for linked regional centers?


Slide80 l.jpg

NWS Forecast Office - Mount Holly, NJ 2001

Fort Dix, NJ WSR-88 Doppler Radar

  • NWS Mount Holly Personnel

  • Lead Forecasters : 5

  • General Forecasters: 5

  • Meteorological Interns: 3

  • Hydrometeorological

  • Technicians: 2

  • Electronic Technicians: 4

  • Management: 5

County Warning Area

Marine/Aviation Desk

NWSFO Mount Holly

Radar Desk



Slide82 l.jpg

How do you fund this? 2001

Standard Science Budgets

NOPP Partnerships

Senatorial Plus-ups

NSF MREFC

$125K/yr (for 2.9 yrs)

$1-$3 M (for 1-3 yrs)

$3-$8 M (for 3 yrs)

$6-$220 M (for 3-5 yrs)

Advice from Canada, referring to an ocean observation network:

“Purely scientific gains pale into insignificance. Success is measured by the quality of the product supplied, not research papers.”

Howard Freeland (leader of Canadian ARGO effort)


Slide83 l.jpg

New York Harbor 2001

Economic Impact $ 30 Billion

NJDOT Maritime Operations Budget $300 Million

Harbor Science Budgets $3 Million


Slide84 l.jpg

Technology Partnerships 2001

  • Remote Sensing

  • Coastal ocean algorithms – NRL, U. Maine, NOAA/NESDIS, FERI

  • International constellation of satellites – SeaSpace Inc., NRL

  • HF Radar

  • MultiStatic Network-CODAR

  • NEOS Backbone – GOMOOS, UNC, U. Maryland

  • Ship Tracking/SAR- CODAR, Applied Mathematics Inc.

  • Gliders

  • Autonomous Control – Webb Reserch Inc.

  • Red-Tide Tracking – Mote, Cal-Poly, NRL

  • Modeling

  • Physical/Bio-Optical Modeling – FERI

  • Sediment Transport – USGS, WHOI

Together these components will form the backbone of the

Big American Coastal Ocean Network

BACON


Slide85 l.jpg

What will we do with the BACON? 2001

A) National Ecosystem Experimental Demos

NEED

B) Coastal Ocean Observatory Research Studies

COORS


Slide86 l.jpg

8 2001

8

8

COORS LITE

Littoral Integrated Transport

Experiment –Hudson

Buoyancy Plumes

COORS DARK

Diver Activated Radiance

Kamakazees –California/

Sea of Japan

COORS LAGER

Large-scale Algal Gulf

Ecosystem Response-

Gulf of Mexico

Ocean.US

Ocean.US

Ocean.US

COORS ALE

Arctic Littoral Experiment

– Norwegian Hydrography &

Algal Blooms

COORS ICE

Integrated Coastal

Experiment – Gulf

of Alaska

COORS MALT??

Mantle Adjustment Long-term

Technologies –NEPTUNE

What kind of COORS should we do?


Slide87 l.jpg

So What Have W e Learned after 5 Years of LEO? 2001

  • Make BACON

  • NEED COORS

  • Packaged with that plastic thing - OCEAN.US


Slide88 l.jpg

“……I am satisfied that we are 2001

looking at the ocean more

intensely and more deeply

than anyone anywhere else.”


Codar range rate measurements of r v endeavor from loveladies nj codar site l.jpg

10 kt 2001

CODAR Range Rate Measurements of R/V Endeavorfrom Loveladies, NJ CODAR Site

2155

2222

2052

2025

2125


Kalman filter solution track shown in red measurement uncertainty ellipses shown in blue l.jpg

10 kt 2001

Kalman Filter Solution Track Shown in RedMeasurement Uncertainty Ellipses Shown in Blue

2222

2009


Slide91 l.jpg

Regional Observation & Forecast Center 2001

  • Startup Costs

  • 1 XBand Satellite Dish $0.5 M

  • 5 CODARs Installed @ $200K $1.0 M

  • 10 Glider AUVs w/sensors @ $100K $1.0 M

  • Chase Boat, Vehicles, Computers, etc. $0.5 M

  • Total: $3.0 M

  • Operational Costs

  • Salary, Fringe, Overhead

  • 24/7 Watch Forecasters 5

  • Satellite Tech 1

  • CODAR Tech 2

  • Glider Tech 2

  • Computer Tech 1

  • Electronics Tech 1

  • Modeler 1

  • Director 1

  • Secretary 1

  • Salary Total 15 @ $150K/year $2.25 M/year

  • Repairs, Maintenance & Training $0.75 M/year

  • Total: $3.0 M/year

  • For 25 National Centers - $75M startup

  • Annual Operating Costs (375people) - $75M


Slide92 l.jpg

SAR- 3,300 lives saved $407 Million 2001

1,000 lives lost

$2.5 Billion in Property Saved

Illegal Drugs- $4.4 Billion Intercepted $1445 Million

& EEZ $25 Billion commercial fishing

$10 Billion recreational fishing

Harbor Safety- 95% legal imports by sea $456 Million

75% illegal

90% foreign flag ships

Oil Spills- 8,000 reported/yr $375 Million

Operation Noble Eagle ?,???,???,???

Operational Budget ($3.4 billion before Sept. 11th)

“The Coast Guard cannot possibly continue its current high-security regime

without more vessels, people, and resources.” Sen. John Kerry (MA)


ad