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Breeds of Horses. Horse Colors. Horse Colors Continued. How tall is a horse?. The height of a horse is expressed in “ hands ” A hand is equal to 4 inches. The height of a horse is measured at the withers. Appalossa. Originated in U.S. from horses brought from Spain.

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How tall is a horse l.jpg
How tall is a horse?

  • The height of a horse

    is expressed in “hands”

  • A hand is equal to

    4 inches.

  • The height of a horse is measured at the withers.


Appalossa l.jpg
Appalossa

  • Originated in U.S. from horses brought

    from Spain.

  • They are white over hips and loins with dark spots. Sometimes they are white all over.

  • The Nez Perce Indian tribe developed the breed.


American bashkir curly l.jpg
American Bashkir Curly

  • Originated in Russia, near the Ural mountains.

  • Has long silky curly hair.

  • Hair sheds in summer grows back in winter.

  • Can be many different colors.


American mustang l.jpg
American Mustang

  • Originated in U.S. from horses brought to New World by Spanish.

  • Originally came from North Africa.

  • Used for show and pleasure riding, jumping and as a stock horse.

  • May be any color.


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Arabian

  • Originated in Arabia

  • Small, 850-1100 lbs.

  • Used for pleasure, showing and as a stock horse.

  • Colors are bay, gray and chestnut a few are black.


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Andalusian

  • Originated in Spain.

  • There are very few in the U.S. because Spain did not allow exports.

  • Used for pleasure, jumping and bullfighting.

  • Colors are bay, white and gray and black


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American Cream

  • Originated in the U.S.

  • Is a color breed-registered on basis of color.

  • Used for riding exhibition and as a stock horse.


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Belgian

  • Originated in Belgium

  • A draft horse

  • Weight- 1,900 to 2,200 lbs.

  • Colors bay, chestnut and roan.


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Buckskin

  • Originated in U.S. from Spanish stock.

  • Is a color breed.

  • Used for pleasure riding and as a stock horse.

  • Colors, buckskin, dun and red dun


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Chincoteague Pony

  • Descends from the wild horses on Assateague Island off the coast of Va. And Maryland.

  • Were brought to Island from mainland by their owners to avoid taxes in the 17th century

  • They are pony size 12-13 hands high, due to poor diet and harsh environment.

  • Due to large amount of salt in diet they drink twice as much water as other domestic horses.

  • The large amount of water they drink gives them a bloated look.


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Cleveland Bay

  • Originated in England

  • Larger horse-1,150-1400 lbs.

  • Used as a utility horse, pleasure riding and driving.

  • Color- Solid bay with black legs.


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Connemara Pony

  • Originated in Ireland

  • Came to U.S. in 1951

  • Used for jumping and pleasure riding.

  • Colors- Roan or chestnut, bay, black, brown, cream, dun or gray.


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Clydesdale

  • Originated in Scotland

  • Used as a draft horse

  • Weights between 1,700 and 1,900 lbs.

  • Colors- bay and brown with white markings.


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Galiceno

  • Originated in Spain

  • Small breed-12 to 13 hands high.

  • Used for pleasure riding.

  • Colors are bay,black, chestnut, dun and brown.


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Hackney

  • Originated in England

  • Weighs 800 to 1,200 lbs.

  • Used as a harness or carriage horse.

  • Colors-bay, brown or chestnut, with white markings.


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Missouri Fox TrottingHorse

  • Came from the Ozarks in Missouri.

  • Major use is pleasure riding

  • Has a fox trot gait

  • Color is sorrel, usually with white markings.


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Percheron

  • Originated in France

  • Is a draft horse

  • Weight 1,900-2,000lbs.

  • Color –bay, brown, chestnut and roan.


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Morab

  • Originated in California.

  • A cross between Morgan and Arabian.

  • Used for showing , endurance riding and pleasure riding.

  • Colors-may be any color, but without spots.


Morgan l.jpg
Morgan

  • Originated in the New England States, during the late 1700’s.

  • Used for pleasure riding, and as a stock horse.

  • Is the foundation breed for many breeds in the U.S.

  • Colors- bay, black brown and Chestnut.


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Palomino

  • Originated in the U.S. from Spanish Stock.

  • Used for pleasure riding, stock, harness and as a parade horse.

  • Color-gold- color does not breed true in crosses. Mane and tail are lighter colors.


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Pinto

  • Originated in the U.S.

  • Preferred color is ½ white and ½ colored .

  • Legs are usually white.

  • 4-types, stock, pleasure, hunter and saddle.


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Pony of the Americas

  • Originated in U.S.

  • Color patterns of the

    Appaloosa.

  • Used for pleasure riding and showing.

  • From 11 to 13 hands

    high.


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Quarter Horse

  • Originated in U.S.

  • First used as a race horse. “quarter miler”

  • Comes in most colors

  • Used for pleasure riding, racing, showing and as a stock horse.


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Shetland Pony

  • Originated in Shetland Islands.

  • May be any horse color.

  • Two sizes- less than

    10-3 hands and between 10-3 and

    11-1 hands high.

  • Used for pleasure riding by children and for showing and racing.


Spanish mustang l.jpg
Spanish Mustang

  • Originated in U.S. from horses brought to this country from Spain.

  • Color-may have any the horse colors.

  • A small horse 13 to 14-2 hands high.

  • Used for pleasure riding and as stock and pack horse.


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Standardbred

  • Originated in the U.S.

  • Colors are bay, black, brown and chestnut. Other colors may accour.

  • Developed as a harness racing horse


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Tennessee Walking Horse

  • Originated in the U.S.

  • Colors include sorrel, chestnut, black, bay, brown, white and golden.

  • Noted for it’s running walk gait.

  • Used for pleasure riding and showing.


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Thoroughbred

  • Originated in England.

  • Development as a race horse began in the 17th. Century

  • Colors include bay, brown, and chestnut

  • Used as a race horse


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Trakehner

  • Originated in East Prussia.

  • Name comes from the town in East Prussia were the breed was established.

  • Large horse 16-17 hands.

  • Used as a dressage horse- has elegant movement.


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