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Chapter 15. Installing and Using Windows XP Professional. You Will Learn…. About the features and architecture of Windows XP How to install Windows XP How to use Windows XP How to install hardware and applications with Windows XP. Features and Architecture of Windows XP.

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Chapter 15

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Chapter 15 l.jpg

Chapter 15

Installing and Using Windows XP Professional


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You Will Learn…

  • About the features and architecture of Windows XP

  • How to install Windows XP

  • How to use Windows XP

  • How to install hardware and applications with Windows XP

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


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Features and Architecture of Windows XP

  • Integrates features of Windows 9x and 2000

  • Added support for multimedia and networking technologies

  • Slightly different look and feel

  • Different organization of utilities and functions under menus and windows

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Windows XP Features

  • New user interface

  • Two users can be logged on simultaneously

  • Windows Media Player for Windows XP

  • Windows Messenger

  • Ability to burn a CD using drag-drop

  • Expanded Help feature

  • Advanced security features

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New User Interface

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Additional Windows XP Professional Features

  • Remote Desktop

  • Roaming profiles

  • Additional security features

  • Multilingual capabilities

  • Support for new higher-performance processors

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Windows XP

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Windows XP Architecture

  • Uses same kernel architecture as Windows NT/2000;

    • Components operate in either user mode or kernel mode

  • Boot process and files needed for a successful boot are the same as for Windows NT/2000

  • Generally more stable than Windows NT/2000

  • Easier installation

  • Increased security

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Windows XP Architecture (continued)

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Installing Windows XP

  • Clean install

  • As an upgrade

  • Setting up a dual boot

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Planning the Installation

  • Verify minimum/recommended requirements

  • Verify hardware compatibility list

  • Decide how to partition hard drive and what file system to use

  • Decide whether to configure PC as a workstation in a workgroup or as part of a domain

  • Make a final checklist

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Minimum and Recommended Requirements

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Minimum Requirements and Hardware Compatibility

  • Verify that software and hardware qualify for Windows XP

    • Run Readiness Analyzer

    • Go to Microsoft Web site and search on each hardware device by type

  • If hardware does not qualify, download upgrade drivers before you begin installation

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Hard Drive Partitions and File Systems

  • Partitions on hard drive must be adequate to install Windows XP (at least a 2-GB partition for installation, with 1.5 GB of free space)

  • Supported file systems (same as Windows 2000)

    • FAT16

    • FAT32

    • NTFS

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General Guidelines for Selecting a File System

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Joining a Workgroup or Domain

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Upgrade or Clean Install?

  • If you plan to set up a dual boot

    • Clean install

  • If you have another OS installed and do not plan a dual boot

    • Choose between an upgrade and clean install

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Final Checklist

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Final Checklist (continued)

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Performing an Upgrade

  • Clean up hard drive

  • Perform hardware or software upgrades

  • Flash the BIOS

  • Back up important files

  • Scan hard drive for viruses

  • Uncompress drive (if compressed)

  • Uninstall incompatible hardware or software

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Setting Up a Dual Boot

  • Start installation as for a clean install with another OS installed

  • Choose to install Windows XP on a different partition than the other OS

  • Windows XP recognizes that another OS is installed and sets up the Startup menu

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Setting Up a Dual Boot (continued)

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After the Installation

  • Activate the OS

    • Product activation: strategy used by Microsoft to prevent software piracy

  • Prepare OS for use

  • Back up hard drive in preparation for a disaster

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Transferring User Files and Preferences to a New PC

  • User State Migration Tool (USMT)

    • Transfers user files and folders, display properties, taskbar options, and browser and e-mail settings from Windows 9x or Windows NT/2000/XP computer

    • Files and Settings Transfer Wizard

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Transferring User Files and Preferences to a New PC (continued)

  • Scanstate command

    • Copies information to a server or removable media

  • Loadstate command

    • Copies information to destination computer

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Preparing for Later Problems with the OS

  • Create a backup of the hard drive with Automated System Recovery (ASR) utility

  • Use the Backup or Restore Wizard to back up the hard drive partition after installation is complete

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Creating the Backup and ASR Floppy Disk

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Using Windows XP

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Using Windows XP (continued)

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Using Windows XP (continued)

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Customizing the Windows XP Desktop

  • Managing shortcuts

    • When first installed, Recycle Bin is only shortcut on desktop

  • Controlling what goes in the system tray

  • Controlling Windows Messenger

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Customizing the Desktop

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Managing Shortcuts

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Windows XP Taskbar and System Tray

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Windows Messenger

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Managing Audio and Video

  • Support for inputting images from digital cameras and scanners

  • Windows Movie Maker for editing video

  • Windows Media Player, Version 8

  • Jukebox for organizing audio files

  • Windows Sound Recorder

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Windows Media Player

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Windows Sound Recorder

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Multiple Logins and Remote Assistance

  • Multiple logins

    • More than one user can be logged on at the same time

  • Remote Assistance

    • Remote support technician can have full access to a user’s desktop

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Installing Hardware

  • Installation options

    • Automatic (Recommended)

    • From a list or specific location (Advanced)

  • Device Manager can help solve problems with devices

    • Automatically find an update for a driver

    • Roll back a driver if an update fails

    • Verify that the driver is Microsoft-certified

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Using Device Manager

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Using Device Manager (continued)

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Verifying That Drivers Are Certified by Microsoft

  • File Signature Verification tool

  • Driver Query tool

  • Device Manager

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Installing Applications

  • Methods

    • Add or Remove Programs icon in Control Panel

    • Run application’s setup program from Run dialog box

  • Administrator privileges required to install software

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Uninstalling Applications

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Installing Legacy Software

  • Do not attempt to run older versions of

    • Antivirus software

    • Maintenance and cleanup utilities

  • Best to upgrade software to versions compatible with Windows XP

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Troubleshooting Legacy Software Installation

  • Check Microsoft Web site for updates to Windows XP or the Microsoft application

  • Check software manufacturer’s Web site for updates or suggestions

  • Consider upgrading software

  • Use Windows XP Compatibility Mode utility

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Compatibility Mode Utility

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Program Compatibility Wizard

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


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Program Compatibility Wizard (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


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Summary

  • Introduction to Windows XP Professional

    • New features and changes to existing ones

  • How to install and use Windows XP Professional

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


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