Antonio Vivaldi: 1678-1741
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Antonio Vivaldi: 1678-1741 (Italian Baroque) The Four Seasons wrote 400 concertos. George Frideric Handel: 1685-1759 (Baroque) Messiah Water Music Music for the Royal Fireworks. Johann Sebastian Bach: 1685-1750 (Baroque) Brandenburg Concertos The Well-Tempered Clavier

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Antonio Vivaldi: 1678-1741

(Italian Baroque)

The Four Seasons

wrote 400 concertos


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George Frideric Handel: 1685-1759

(Baroque)

Messiah

Water Music

Music for the Royal Fireworks


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Johann Sebastian Bach: 1685-1750

(Baroque)

Brandenburg Concertos

The Well-Tempered Clavier

St. Matthew Passion


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Joseph Haydn: 1732-1809

(Classical)

Known as Father of the Symphony

Farewell Symphony

Surprise Symphony


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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: 1756-1791

(Classical)

Operas: The Magic Flute

Don Giovanni

Jupiter Symphony

A Little Night Music


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Ludwig Van Beethoven: 1770-1827

(Romantic)

Symphony No. 3 in E-Flat (Eroica)

only wrote one opera: Fidelio

“Ode to Joy” - last movement of 9th symphony

Moonlight Sonata

Für Elise

known for his 9 symphonies

deaf in later life


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Giocchino Rossini: 1792-1868

(Italian Opera)

The Barber of Seville

Overture to William Tell


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Felix Mendelssohn: 1809-1847

(Romanticism)

Overture to A Midsummer

Night’s Dream

Wedding March


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Frederic Chopin: 1810-1849

(Romanticism)

lover of George Sand (the female novelist)

Polish pianist

Minute Waltz


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Franz Liszt: 1811-1886

(Romanticism)

one of the greatest pianists in history

Hungarian Rhapsodies


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Richard Wagner: 1813-1883

(Romanticism)

German opera

The Flying Dutchman

Tannhauser

Lohengrin

Tristan and Isolde

The Ring of the Nibelung


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Giuseppe Verdi: 1813-1901

(Foremost Italian opera composer)

Rigoletto

La Traviata

Aida

Otello


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Johann Strauss II: 1825-1899

(The Waltz King)

By the Beautiful Blue Danube

Tales from the Vienna Woods

Die Fledermaus (The Bat - operetta)


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Stephen Foster: 1826-1864

(US composer of popular songs)

Beautiful Dreamer

My Old Kentucky Home

Oh! Susanna

Swanee River or Old Folks at Home


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Johannes Brahms:: 1833-1897

(Classical)

Brahms Lullaby

Academic Festival Overture

Symphony No. 1 in C Minor

Violin Concerto in D

Quintet for Clarinet and Strings in B Minor


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Georges Bizet:: 1838-1875

(French)

Carmen (opera)


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Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky:: 1840-1893

(Russian)

1812 Overture

First Piano Concerto

Nutcracker Suite

Sixth Symphy, the Pathetique

Swan Lake

Sleeping Beauty


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Sir Arthur Sullivan: 1842-1900

(the other half of W. S. Gilbert

known for their comic operas)

The Mikado

H. M. S. Pinafore

The Pirates of Penzance

Onward Christian Soldiers


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Claude Debussy: 1862-1918

(French pianist known for musical Impressionism)

Prelude to L’Apres-Midi d’un Faune (Afternoon of

a Faun

The Preludes

Clair de Lune


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Scott Joplin: 1868-1917

(Pulitzer Prize-winning American pianist and

father of ragtime)

Maple Leaf Rag


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Maurice Ravel: 1875-1937

(French Composer)

Bolero


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Igor Stravinsky: 1882-1971

(Russian Composer)

Petrushka

The Firebird Suite

The Rite of Spring


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Sergei Prokofiev: 1891-1953

(Russian Composer)

Peter and the Wolf

Romeo and Juliet


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George Gershwin: 1898-1937

(U.S. Composer)

Rhapsody in Blue

An American in Paris

Porgy and Bess (opera)

songs:

Summertime

I Got Plenty o’ Nuthin’

Bess, You Is My Woman Now

It Ain’t Necessarily So

other songs:

I Got Rhythm

Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off

Someone to Watch Over Me

They Can’t Take That Away from Me


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Aaron Copland: 1900-1990

(U.S. Composer)

Rodeo (ballet)

Appalachian Spring (written for Martha Graham’s dance company)

Billy the Kid (ballet)

Fanfare for the Common Man


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John Philip Sousa - The March King

The Stars and Stripes Forever


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Irving Berlin

-Alexander’s Ragtime Band

-Blue Skies

-God Bless America

-White Christmas"

-There's No Business Like Show

Business


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Baroque Period

Three of the greatest geniuses of this period were Vivaldi, Bach and Handel. During this time, the first operas appeared in Italy. The orchestra began to take its modern shape, and forms like the sonata (for piano and one other instrument) and concerto (for solo instrument and orchestra) emerged. Most Baroque music is highly decorated with very complex melodies.


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Classical Period

The death of Johann Sebastian Bach in 1750 signaled the end of the Baroque period and the introduction of a style of music now called Classical, which is plainer and more disciplined. Classical music was often written on a larger scale, and its finest expression is the four-movement symphony. Haydn and Mozart, the greatest composers of the Classical period, also brought the sonata and the concerto to a high degree of perfection.


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Romantic Period

Ludwig van Beethoven, who began as a Classical composer, broke the mold with his revolutionary “Eroica” in 1804 and dominated the musical scene until 1827. European music would never be the same again. Precise forms became less important than the expression of powerful feelings, and Romantic composers like Schubert, Mendelssohn and Tchaikovsky put emotion into music as no one had ever done before. At the same time, Liszt, Dvorak and Grieg began using music to express patriotic sentiments.


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Modern Period

The early 1900s saw the beginning of the Modern period, which is much more diverse and complicated. All the traditional rules of music have been challenged, including seemingly basic principles of harmony and rhythm. Some 20th-century music is harsh and difficult to appreciate. But Modern composers like Holst, Debussy, Stravinsky and Copland have entered the mainstream and will be enjoyed for as long as music is played.


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