An Alliance for Action Role play on Land Grabbing and the right to food 22-26 November 2010 Desmond Tutu Training Center Angeline Munzara Food Campaign Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org. We are in Watooland a poor country whose main resources are agriculture and mining. 75% of the
An Alliance for Action Role play on Land Grabbingand the right to food22-26 November 2010Desmond Tutu Training CenterAngeline Munzara Food Campaign Coordinatoramunzara@e-allaince.ch
resources are agriculture and mining. 75% of the
population lives off the land, of which ¾ are
sedentary and live on agriculture and ¼ are
nomads and live on livestock. 50% of the
population is illiterate. 45% of the population suffers
The country has recently become a democracy, but
the habits of corruption left by the dictatorship are
difficult to eradicate.
In good years, there is enough food for everyone.
Unfortunately in 2007 to 2009, a very dry weather
has meant that many villagers were forced from their
land. A rural exodus began to the capital (Watoolandia),
which receives more and more people, but jobs have not
followed. Farmers are increasingly unemployed leading to
With the global food crisis, the global market
has become too expensive and the country suffers
from riots in the city and very difficult situations of
hunger in the countryside.Background
You represent a group of investors in renewable
energy headquartered in Prussia. One of the
most economical renewable energy sources is ethanol made
You need to fill your orders, but the quantity of
sugar cane required is much higher, and prices on
world markets are very volatile so you try to
produce the sugar cane yourself.
Your goal is to meet the growing demand for bio
fuel by controlling the production and supply of a
portion of your needs, and remain the most
competitive in the market without depending on
fluctuations in the latter.
You have USD 1 million available for this project.Group Discussions
You represent the government of Prussia. Prussia is
party to the Convention on Climate Change, Universal
Declaration on Human Rights, International Covenant
on Socio-Economic and Cultural Rights and heavily
engaged in the FAO process of developing the Guidelines
on Responsible Governance and Natural Resources
You\'re a country with a very large population and
expanding economy. You can (and should) import much
food. In addition, the needs of grain and protein crops, to
feed a meat-producing industry are constantly increasing.
With the global crisis of 2008, the price of staple foods has
risen sharply, which has weighed heavily on your budget.
Your objective is to ensure a flow of raw materials and
thus control their production and supply. You have 2
million available to assist in the project.
You represent the government of Watooland. Watooland
is party to the Universal Declaration on Human Rights,
the African Charter on Human Rights, the
International Covenant on Socio-Economic and
Cultural rights, the Convention on Biological Diversity and
party to the process of developing the FAO Voluntary
Guidelines on Land. The Constitution of Watooland vests
Ownership of communal land in the President of the country
though customary tenure rights are recognized.
You are aware of the difficulties of development in your
country. You have also inherited a huge foreign debt.
You have very little money coming in terms of taxes.
Your resources are international aid, but this implies
structural adjustments and the establishment of a
complex system of government. You also, of course
consider that the land belonged to the state (for non
titled land). Your objective is to reduce your debt and
ensure modernization of agriculture.
You are part of a larger community of hundreds of
very remote villages in central Watooland. On
average, each family has 0.4 hectares of unirrigated
land, which enables families to live mainly on
agricultural production. The land is near a water
point, has the best surface and is capable of producing
cassava, bananas and rice ( on a small scale). Besides a
few chickens, you also have goats that graze on
pastures of the village. From time to time, you sell
some of your production for a little cash to pay for
your children’s education. However, this income is
enough to send 1-2 children to school until the age of
15 whilst others help on the farm. The land is yours
because you have inherited and this is confirmed by
the village council. You have a few simple tools to
work the land, but no mechanization.
Your objective is to improve your income and if
possible to send your children to school and at
least one to university or abroad.
You are part of a community of pastoralists whose
livelihood is based on cattle rearing. You rely on
grazing lands in the north of the country for
generations. in the north of the country for
You have, for some time, lost several grazing areas
because farmers have settled with their villages and set
But you still have a beautiful herd of about thirty
animals, and in good years, you can sell enough animals
so that the family lives well.
Your goal is to increase your flock and keep your
traditions and lifestyle.
Region semi-fertile (pastoralists)
Large industrial scale production, mainly from maize, jatropha, and sugar cane in Africa, threaten rural communities, farm workers, food security and the environment
i) destroys livelihoods and exacerbates tenure insecurity and evictions
ii) accelerates eco-system destruction
iii) accelerates the climate crisis
iv) diverts food producing resources and labor to cash crop production