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Agenda. Write down homework: Cornell notes on Section 2 Use ONLY your notes on Section 1 to complete the Notes Check Tour of Greece power point. A Short Tour of Greece. Welcome! Before we start our tour. What do you know about Greece?. Why do we study Greece?.

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Agenda

  • Write down homework:

    • Cornell notes on Section 2

  • Use ONLY your notes on Section 1 to complete the Notes Check

  • Tour of Greece power point



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Welcome! Before we start our tour...

What do you know about Greece?


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Why do we study Greece?

  • The ancient Greeks created ideas about government, philosophy, science, and the arts that are still influential today.

  • Democracyin Athens was an important modelfor U.S. democracy

  • The Olympicsbegan in ancient Greece and are still a major international sporting event.


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Why do we study Greece?

  • Philosophicalworks are still relevant to modern thought and society

  • Inspired architecture- courthouses and banks traditionally relied on Greek styles

  • Literary works - epic poems of Homer



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Where is Greece?

  • 1,500 miles Southeast of the United Kingdom

  • Capital = Athens

  • Currently famous for beaches and access to the Mediterranean Sea!


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Guiding Question

What are 3 important environmental influences on Greek civilization?


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Because it’s a peninsula…

Greece has an extensive coastline


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As well as great harbors

What do these features suggest about Greece?


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1. The Sea

  • Transportation

  • Trade

    • Trade between islands AND with other societies

    • Trade is important because islands lack natural resources (timber, precious metal, usable farm land)

  • Crucial for advancing Greek civilization



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A land of many islands…

What’s good about that?

What’s bad about it?



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What impact will the mountains have on:

Everyday life?

The economy?

The political system?


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2. The Land

  • Greek mainland is largely a peninsula

  • 2,000 islands

  • Very mountainous. Impact on:

    • Everyday life: Made travel and farming on land difficult

    • Economy:relied on trade

    • Politics: Instead of a single government, small independent communities developed



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…and OLIVE TREES

That’s about all that grows there!


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3. The Climate

  • Moderate temperature supported outdoor life and social atmosphere

  • Inspired a communal environment


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Geography Review Questions

  • Land: Why did most Greeks identify with their local community instead of Greece as a whole?

  • Sea: How did nearness to the sea help relieve Greek resource shortages?

  • Climate: How might a moderate climate foster a communal life?


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Ancient Greece is divided into various time periods.

The ones that are relevant to our first unit are:


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The MYCENAEAN Age (1600-1100 BCE)

During this period the Trojan War occurred. This is the subject of The Odyssey, which you will read in your English class.


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The HOMERIC Age (800- 500 BCE)

During this period, Homer…

Whoops, not that one!

created his epics about the Trojan War.

675 BCE


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The CLASSICAL Age (500-300 BCE)

This is the period we’ll focus on:

The height of Greek culture;

Of Athenian supremacy;

Of Pericles, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle


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The HELLENISTIC Period (300’s BCE)

We’re not studying this, but this is when Alexander the Great did his conquer-the-world thing!


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