The divisive politics of slavery
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The Divisive Politics of Slavery . 1840-1860. The Northern Economy. Manufacturing Railroads Cities begin to sprout up overnight Immigrants come to the North . The Southern Economy. Predominantly rural Cotton driven Produce only 10% of nation’s manufacturing Few immigrants .

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The northern economy
The Northern Economy

  • Manufacturing

  • Railroads

  • Cities begin to sprout up overnight

  • Immigrants come to the North


The southern economy
The Southern Economy

  • Predominantly rural

  • Cotton driven

  • Produce only 10% of nation’s manufacturing

  • Few immigrants


The question of slavery in the territories
The Question of Slavery in the Territories

  • WilmontProviso

  • Divided Congress along regional lines

  • Sectionalism tension continues to grow


California becomes a state in 1850
California becomes a State in 1850

  • California’s constitution outlawed slavery

    • Effects:

      • Zachary Taylor supports idea of popular sovereignty

        • Let the people of the states decide issue of slavery

        • Weakens Congress influence

      • Senate debates issue.

  • South

    • Begin to question whether they should remain in Union


The compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850

  • Proposed by….Henry Clay!

    • California Admitted as free state

    • Utah & New Mexico decide slavery by popular sovereignty

    • Texas paid $10 million, resolving boundary dispute w/ New Mexico

    • Sale of slaves banned in Washington, D.C

    • Fugitive Slave Act



Senate s reaction
Senate’s Reaction

  • Rejected – WHY?

  • Douglas introduces each provision separately

    • Each is passed separately


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