The Circulatory System. Function: Transport system: Carries oxygen from the lungs to tissue cells throughout the body so they can do cell respiration Carries carbon dioxide, a waste product of cell respiration, from tissue cells to the lungs where it can be expelled
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The Circulatory System
Function: Transport system:
Carries oxygen from the lungs to tissue cells throughout the body so they can do cell respiration
Carries carbon dioxide, a waste product of cell respiration, from tissue cells to the lungs where it can be expelled
Carries digested nutrients from the small intestine to cells of all tissues
Carries hormones from glands to target organs
Carries water to all cells
Carries water soluble wastes to the kidney where they are removed from the blood and excreted via the urinary system
Carries various lymphocytes (white blood cells) throughout the body as part of our immune system
The circulatory system also helps control our body temperature
Parts of the Circulatory System
Heart: (Cardiac muscle, nerve, connective tissues)4 chambered heart : 1 receives blood from the body, 1 pumps blood to the lungs, 1 receives blood from the lungs and one to pump blood to the body.
Arteries: (connective tissue) Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Veins: (connective & smooth muscle tissue)Blood vessels that carry blood to the heart
Both arteries and veins branch and get smaller and smaller. These branches are called arterioles and venuoles.
Capillaries: (connective tissue) Eventually blood vessels are so small that blood cells must move through them one cell at a time. (increased surface area) This is when diffusion occurs.
Blood: (connective tissue)Is the transport medium
Capillaries: CO2 diffuses out of tissues into blood
Capillaries: O2 diffuses into cells of all tissues.
Capillaries: Gas exchange occurs, CO2 out and O2 in to blood
Heart: O2 rich blood returns to the heart
And is pumped out to the body
Heart: Oxygen poor blood enters heart here.
This blood is now pumped to the lungs.
Capillaries: Nutrients from small intestine diffuse into blood
Capillaries: water and wastes are filtered into the kidney
Capillaries: blood is purified by the liver and filtered by the kidneys.
Capillaries: nutrients diffuse into cells of all tissues
Blue indicates oxygen poor blood in capillaries at the lung and the red represents oxygenated blood on it's way back to the heart.
Notice the large arteries taking blood to the body.
Notice how much the brain gets.
About 5 days
What element do you see in the center of a haemoglobin molecule.
Fe + O2 FeO which is the colour _____.
The blood in veins is not under such pressure from the heart as the arteries. So the walls are thinner. BUT the blood has to get back to the heart so there is smooth muscle to contract and one way valves to keep the blood from flowing backwards.
The blood pressure in arteries is great due to the pumping of the heart. so the walls are thick and elastic.
Capillaries are only one cell layer thick. Surface area to volume ratio is great.
Their diameter is only 5 to 10 nm so blood cells are forced to move through one at a time. This allows for maximum time for diffusion. White blood cells can even "crawl" out of the capillaries to go to a site of infection.
An angiogram can diagnose this.
Detects anything irregular in the heart beat.