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Take Five…. Look at the Regional Data File on pages 342 & 343. What can you infer about the following: Literacy rates Infant mortality rates GDP. Chp 15: Russia and the Republics. Physical Geography . Landforms & Resources. Russia and its republics = 3x the U.S. territory

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Take Five…

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Take five l.jpg

Take Five…

  • Look at the Regional Data File on pages 342 & 343. What can you infer about the following:

    • Literacy rates

    • Infant mortality rates

    • GDP


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Chp 15: Russia and the Republics

Physical Geography


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Landforms & Resources

  • Russia and its republics = 3x the U.S. territory

  • 1/6 of the earth’s land surface


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Northern Landforms

Northern European Plain

Chernozem—abundant rich black soil

75% of the regions people live on the plain

3 largest cities are located there: Moscow, St. Petersburg & Kiev

West Siberian Plain

Ural Mountains—Separate the N European & W Siberian Plains

Eurasia

Central Siberian Plateau & Russian Far East

Uplands, Mountains & High Plateaus


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Moscow


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St. Petersburg


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Kiev


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Southern Landforms

  • Caucasus Mountains—from Black Sea to Caspian Sea

  • Also a border between Russia and Transcaucasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan & Georgia)

  • Turan Plain

    • Lowland from Caspian Sea-uplands of Central Asia

    • Syr Darya & Amu Darya Rivers

    • Kara Dum & Kyzyl Kum Deserts

  • Central Asia—Kazkhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan & Uzbekistan

    • Contribute to arid climate


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Caucasus Mountains


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Kara Kum Desert


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Central Asia


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Wally Points…

  • What are the 2 largest lakes in the region of Russia and its Republics?

  • Why is Lake Baikal unique?


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Rivers and Lakes

  • Volga River—longest in European basin drains into the Caspian Sea

    • 60% of Russia’s river traffic

  • Largest lakes

    • Caspian & Aral Seas

      • Saltwater lakes

  • Lake Baikal

    • World’s deepest lake

    • 20% of the world’s fresh water

    • Freshwater Seal


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Volga River


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Lake Baikal


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Freshwater Seal


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Natural Resources

  • Coal, iron ore, metals, natural gas, oil, petroleum, timber, hydroelectric power

    • 1/5 of world’s timber

    • Siberia

      • Tundra

      • Thermal pollution

      • Reverse migration


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Siberia


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Norilsk

  • Nickel mining town

  • Not accessible by road

  • Government subsidies—command economy

  • Decline in demand—market economy

  • Unemployment & poverty


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Chp 15: Climate & Vegetation

  • Climate of Extremes

  • Continentality


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Take Five…

  • Complete the Skill Builder questions on pg 351


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Vegetation

  • Tundra—few species of vegetation

  • Forest

    • Taiga—largest forest on earth

  • Steppe

    • Grassland

    • Chernozem

  • Desert


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Read Section 3…

  • Review Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction….you will have a timed writing over this section


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Chp 15: Human-Environment Interaction

  • In Class Assignment…Timed Writing…

  • 5 paragraphs on the following question:

    Why has the Aral Sea lost about 80% of its water since 1960?


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Aral Sea


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Why is the Aral Sea Shrinking?

  • From 1960 has lost 80% of its water

  • Why?

    • Government diverting water from 2 river sources to irrigate Central Asian fields

    • Project to irrigation the Kara Kum

    • Pesticide and fertilizer runoff

      • Exposed chemicals has led to pollution and increase in disease


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How Can the Aral Sea be Saved?

  • Drastic measures

    • Removing farmland

    • Stopping the Kara Kum project


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The Russian Winter

  • 32 million people live in Siberia

  • Vast climate ranges

  • -90F to 94F

    • Freezing temperatures

    • Melting snows in the spring causes stagnant pools of water


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Russia’s Harsh Winters…Serve to Protect

  • “Scorched earth policy”


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Crossing the “Wild East”

  • Connecting the East to the West

  • Trans-Siberian Railroad

    • Moscow to Vladivostok

    • Covers 5,700 miles

    • Crosses 7 time zones

    • Aided in the political and economic development of Russia


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