ROLE OF GENDER IN VALUE CHAIN FROM PRODUCTION TO MARKETING OF FISH Paper presented at the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade 2012 at Dar Es Salam, Tanzania Dr. Debabrata Lahiri Associate Professor Rural Development Centre Indian Institute Technology Kharagpur India.
ROLE OF GENDER IN VALUE CHAIN FROM PRODUCTION TO MARKETING OF FISH
Paper presented at the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade 2012 at Dar Es Salam, Tanzania
Dr. Debabrata Lahiri
Rural Development Centre
Indian Institute Technology
Value chain as a concept describes the full range of activities that firms, farms and workers do to bring a product from its conception to its end use and beyond.
This includes activities such as design, production, marketing distribution and support to the final consumer.
Value chain approach focuses on ‘vertical’ relationships between buyers and suppliers and the movement of a good or service from producer to consumer.
As an analytical tool, value chain analysis has become a key approach in both research and policy fields, with an increasing number of bilateral and multilateral aid organizations adopting to guide several of their development interventions.
Supply chain refers to the set of processes and activities required to produce a product then deliver it to a target market is considered as supply chain.
The term “produce” encompasses growing, transforming, or manufacturing. The entire chain goes from oceans or farms to hands, chopsticks and forks.
Among various products in agriculture and allied sectors fish has been a important item. Central and local governments, donor agencies, non-governmental organizations are concerned with a subset of links within the value chain of fish and fishery products.
Smooth functioning of value chain requires not only the factors of production and technology but also the efficient transport, market information systems and management.
DISTRIBUTION (Transportation and logistics)
(From: farm or water bodies)
(To final consumer)
Fig 1: Creation of value chain for fish and fishery products
Assembly of production factors
Production of fish
Post harvest handling and storage
Manufacture (Semi finished products)
Manufacture (Ready to cook or eat)
Fig. 2: Key links of fish and fishery products supply chain
Gender in value chain
Gender is conceptualized as the socially constructed difference between women and men (Kabeer, 1999).
Thus gender is about how society gives meaning to differences in feminity and masculinity, and the power relation and dynamics that come about as a result of this (Laven et al. 2009).
Women are always more disadvantaged than men in the context of value chain operations.
Understanding women’s position in a value chain, how changes in a value chain might affect gender inequality, and the main constraints for women in terms of gaining from value chain participation, requires one to place gender in the context of intra-household bargaining and of broader social process dimensions (Wyred, 2008); Parpart et.al 2002); Laven et al. 2009)
i) To highlight the involvement of women in various stages starting from production, processing and marketing;
Fig 1: General channel based value chain
Both men and women
Both men and women
Both men and women
Table 1: Average value addition scenario
Table 2 :Value addition for of different fish types at different steps
Note: Women are not involved where data is not given
Ahmed Munir, M. Nazrul Islam and Md. Shamsuddoha: Value Chain Analysis in the Dry Fish Production and Marketing of Post Harvest Fishery Products (PHFP) in the Coastal Belt of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Fisheries Development Forum, Bangladesh.
Alam, Ferdous, Salauddin Palash, Idris Ali Mian and Madan Mohan Dey (2012): Marketing of Major Fish Species in Bangladesh: A Value Chain Analysis, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
(Kabeer, 1999): Kabeer, N. (1999), ‘Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurement of Women’s Empowerment’, Development and Change, 30, 435-464
Laven, A., A. van Eerdewijk, A. Senders, C. van Wees and R. Snelder (2009), ‘Gender in Value Chains. Emerging Lessons and Questions’, a draft working paper, Agri-ProFocus, Netherlands.
Riisgaard, Lone , Anna Maria Escobar Fibla and Stefano Ponte (2010): Evaluation Study Gender and Value Chain Development, The Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen, Denmark.
Wyrod, R. (2008), ‘Between Women’s Rights and Men’s Authority: Masculinity and shifting discourses of gender difference in Urban Uganda’, Gender and Society, 22(6), 799-823.
Parpart, J.L., S. M. Rai and K. Staudt (eds.) (2002), Rethinking Empowerment: Gender and development in a global/local world, Routledge, London.