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Programs in Alternative Vehicular Transportation Systems at MTU. David R. Shonnard Department of Chemical Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931 Presentation to US-Brazil Teleconference June 18, 2007. How is Michigan Tech Addressing the Sustainability Challenge?.

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programs in alternative vehicular transportation systems at mtu

Programs in Alternative Vehicular Transportation Systems at MTU

David R. Shonnard

Department of Chemical Engineering,

Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931

Presentation to US-Brazil Teleconference

June 18, 2007

how is michigan tech addressing the sustainability challenge
How is Michigan Tech Addressing the Sustainability Challenge?
  • Sustainable Futures Institute:Established – January 2004
  • 60 faculty/staff and 30 graduate scholars engaged in research and education

MISSION Create and disseminate new principles, processes, and products that support / promote sustainable development

Sustainable Futures Institute

www.sfi.mtu.edu

slide3

MTU Administration

SFI Directorate

SFI External Advisory Board

SFI Partners & Graduate Scholars

College of Engineering

Civ & Env Matl Sci. BioMed

Geo & Min Electrical Engr Fund

Chemical Mechanical

College of Sciences & Arts

Social Sci. Computer Sci.

Biology Chemistry Physics

School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science

School of Business & Econ.

Center for Sci

& Env Outreach

Educational

Opportunity

Center

NSF

IGERT

NSF

MUSES,

W2W

NSF REU

Site

NSF Major Research Infrastructure

SFI AFFILIATED CENTERS / INITIATIVES

www.sfi.mtu.edu

bio fuels research
Bio-Fuels Research

Forest Resources

Biotechnology/Genetic engineering

Forest policy and management

Carbon cycling

Bio-processing

Enzyme improvement

Pilot plant operations

Metabolic engineering

Michigan Tech’s Expertise

Vehicle/Engines

Engine research

Engine tests w/emissions

Hybrid vehicle design

Vehicle dynamometer

Assessment/Decisions

Technology evaluation

Logistics and facilities

Life-cycle, environmental, and policy assessments

bio fuels research1
Bio-Fuels Research
  • Completed Projects:
    • Caterpillar – Evaluation of Low Greenhouse Gas Bio-Based Energy Technologies”
    • American Process, Inc. (API) – Co-production of pulp and ethanol from wood
  • Ongoing Projects:
    • NSF – Plant Genome Research Project
    • NSF – Biocomplexity - Materials Use: Science Engineering and Society (MUSES) project on lignocellulosic-based ethanol production
    • MTU Research ExcellenceProgram –Peptidomimetic research project
    • NSF – Major Research Instrumentation project on combustion vessel to be integrated into MTU Alternative Fuels Combustion Laboratory
    • GM – Ethanol Flex-Fuel Engine Optimization
    • NSF – Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program (IGERT) project
    • NSF – Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) project
    • UOP LLC – Life Cycle Assessment Comparing Green Diesel to Biodiesel
  • Pending Projects:
    • MTU – Wood-to-Wheels Graduate Enterprise
    • NSF – Engineering Research Center (ERC) Wood-to-Wheels
    • GM – Forestry Biomass for Co-Production of Biofuels and Biopolymers Project
    • DCX – Multi-cylinder ethanol engine research program
slide6

NSF MUSES: Renewable Energy from Forest Resources: An Investigation into the Viability of Large-Scale Production of Sustainable Transportation Fuels from Lignicellulosic Biomass

School of Forestry (3), Chemical Engineering (1), Mechanical Engineering (1), Environmental Engineering (1), Social Science (2)

$1.7 million, 2005-2010

wood to wheels w2w concept research thematic areas
Wood-to-Wheels (W2W) ConceptResearch Thematic Areas

Sustainability

Assessments /

Decision-Making

Bio-Processing Research

Photo: Glacial Lakes Energy

CO2

Saturn Hybrid

Woody Biomass Resource Research

Vehicle Systems Research

w2w cellulosic ethanol research impacts displacement of us petroleum consumption

Potential Bio Impact

8,000

2005

US PetroleumConsumption

(Millions of Barrels)

6,000

4,000

2,000

0

Total

Persian GulfImports

Biomass

Bio+ICE Opt

W2W Cellulosic Ethanol Research Impacts:Displacement of US Petroleum Consumption

Biobased Fuel with

Bioprocess + ICE Optimization

39%

Biobased Fuel30%

Flex-Fuel

Hybrid

1 Billion

Tons ofBiomass

Engines &Vehicles Optimization

Petroleum70%

hydrogen fuel cells research
Hydrogen Fuel Cells Research
  • Expertise
    • Polymers, Composite and Membrane materials
    • Heat transfer and fluid flow applied to fuel cells
    • Hydrogen internal combustion engine
    • Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells
    • Hybrid Powertrains
  • Activities
    • John Deere – MTU E-Gator team retrofitted a John Deere E-Gator with a hydrogen PEM fuel cell
    • Army Research Labs – the Keweenaw Research Center of Michigan Tech has built a fuel cell powered unmanned ground vehicle
    • MTU – Alternative Fuels Group (AFG) Enterprise
    • NSF Grant Opportunities for Liaison with Industry (GOALI) project – recyclable polymer with multiple carbon fillers for lightweight fuel cell bipolar plates.
    • MTU - Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (H2ICE) team
questions
Questions?

Midwestern land cover (USFS North Central Research Station image)

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